Which of the following supplements assists in muscle contraction, immunity, and regulation of blood sugar?
 

  1. Protein powder
  2. Fish oil
  3. Vitamin D
  4. Magnesium

 

  1. Which of the following is the recommended duration of exercise for a beginner hypertensive client?

 

  1. 20-30 mins a day, 2 days per week
  2. 45-60 mins a day, 2 days per week
  3. 20-30 mins a day, 4 days per week
  4. 45-60 mins a day, 4 days per week

 

  1. Marathon training primarily recruits which type of fibers?

 

  1. Type IIx
  2. Type II
  3. Fast twitch
  4. Slow twitch

 

  1. The angle of muscle pull is known as which of the following?

 

  1. Angle at which a muscle pulls against the short axis of the bone that it pulls on
  2. Angle at which a muscle pulls relative to the long axis of the bone that it pulls on
  3. Angle at which a muscle pulls relative to the short axis of the bone that it pulls on
  4. Angle at which a muscle pulls against the long axis of the bone that it pulls on

 

  1. Which joint in the body is known as the saddle joint?

 

  1. Knee
  2. Ankle
  3. Thumb
  4. Atlanto-axial

 

  1. Which of the following represents a portion control strategy for women regarding carbohydrates?

 

  1. 4 cups a day
  2. 1 cupped handful
  3. 120 grams
  4. 3 servings

 

  1. When the scapular adductors are weak, which postural deviation can occur?

 

  1. Swayback
  2. Kyphosis
  3. Forward head
  4. Lordosis

 

  1. What is primarily responsible for strength gains in beginning clients?

 

  1. Hypertrophy adaptations
  2. Neural adaptations
  3. Environmental adaptations
  4. Anaerobic adaptations

 

  1. What is the suggested carbohydrate intake for male clients per meal?

 

  1. 2 palm portions
  2. 2 cupped handfuls
  3. 1 cupped handful
  4. 1 palm portion

 

  1. Client differences are an important part of periodization and refer to which principle?

 

  1. SAID
  2. GAS
  3. Use/disuse
  4. Individual differences

 

  1. For children between the ages of 5 and 12, what should strength training focus on?

 

  1. Sport-specific activities
  2. Becoming more flexible
  3. Increasing muscular strength
  4. Learning basic lifting techniques

 

  1. The knee is stabilized on the anterior side by which muscle?

 

  1. Gluteus
  2. Soleus
  3. Hamstrings
  4. Quadriceps

 

  1. A weight training program that divides training sessions into upper and lower body training is referred to as which of the following?

 

  1. Superset training principle
  2. Set-system training principle
  3. Split system training principle
  4. Staggered sets training principle

 

  1. During which stage of the drawing-in phase should the liability waiver be signed?

 

  1. Stage 1
  2. Stage 3
  3. Stage 2
  4. Stage 5

 

  1. Who should recommend a GXT for a client prior to starting an exercise program?

 

  1. Trainer
  2. Client
  3. Nutritionist
  4. Physician

 

  1. Which of the following represents safe load increases for a beginner client?

 

  1. 5-10%
  2. 1-4%
  3. 12-15%
  4. 16-18%

 

  1. Which assessment allows a trainer to understand a client’s lean body and total fat mass?

 

  1. Body fat calculation
  2. Girth measurements
  3. Scale weight
  4. Photographs

 

  1. Which contraction helps to generate enough tension in muscles to contract explosively?
  2. Eccentric
  3. Ballistic
  4. Concentric
  5. Isometric

 

  1. A client with celiac disease asks for a nutrition plan, what should the trainer recommend?

 

  1. Refer to a dietician
  2. 3-day food log to prescribe meal plan
  3. A templated meal plan
  4. Give a breakdown of macronutrients

 

  1. Which macronutrient contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen molecules?

 

  1. Proteins
  2. Carbohydrates
  3. Fats
  4. Glycogen

 

  1. Which of the following is the agonist used in the upright row exercise?

 

  1. Triceps
  2. Deltoid
  3. Latissimus dorsi
  4. Gastrocnemius

 
 

  1. At what age will most adults experience decrease ROM?
  2. 40
  3. 45
  4. 50
  5. 55

 

  1. Which of the following should a pregnant client avoid during exercise?

 

  1. Moderate aerobic training
  2. Lying in the supine position
  3. Stretching before and after exercise
  4. Consuming additional calories

 

  1. Approximately how many calories are in one gram of protein?
  2. 4
  3. 3
  4. 7
  5. 5

 

  1. What is the appropriate protein portion for men?

 

  1. 2 palm portions
  2. 3 palm portions
  3. 2 cupped handfuls
  4. 3 cupped handfuls

 

  1. When working with a new client utilizing tempo training, which portion of the exercise is drawn out?

 

  1. Concentric
  2. Hold at the bottom
  3. Eccentric
  4. Hold at the top

 

  1. Which of the following is a water-soluble vitamin?

 

  1. Vitamin H
  2. Reservatrol
  3. Beta Alanine
  4. Vitamin C

 

  1. Which type of contraction requires the muscles to “activate” but have no movement or change in muscle length?

 

  1. Concentric
  2. Isometric
  3. Eccentric
  4. Isotonic

 

  1. What should a cool-down include?

 

  1. Static stretching
  2. Dynamic balance
  3. Dynamic stretching
  4. Contract-relax method

 

  1. Which of the following forms would you use to gain insight into the daily nutritional habits of a client?
  2. Comprehensive client form
  3. PAR-Q
  4. 3-day dietary record
  5. Food intolerance form

 

  1. What is the MOST superficial muscle of the abdominals?

 

  1. Internal oblique
  2. External oblique
  3. Transverse abdominis
  4. Rectus abdominis

 

  1. Which principle do emergency medical professionals use to reduce the pain and inflammation from an athletic injury?

 

  1. RICE principle
  2. FITT principle
  3. HITT principle
  4. NCAA principle

 

  1. How long does the guided discovery stage of the drawing in phase last?

 

  1. 2-3 weeks
  2. 2-3 sessions
  3. 4-6 weeks
  4. 1 week

 

  1. Which of the following does HIT stand for?

 

  1. Healthy integrated training
  2. High integrated technique
  3. High intensity training
  4. Hyper-integrated technique

 

  1. A client is 45 years old and has a resting heart rate of 75 bpm. Using the Karvonen formula, what is their target heart rate at an exercise intensity of 60%?

 

  1. 145
  2. 155
  3. 165
  4. 135

 

  1. Which of the following is the maximum arterial pressure occurring during contraction of the left ventricle of the heart?

 

  1. Systolic pressure
  2. Diastolic pressure
  3. Heart rate
  4. Pulse

 

  1. Which of the following body types will have an inflated BMI?

 

  1. Extremely thin
  2. Extremely muscular
  3. Ectomorph
  4. Mesomorph

 

  1. Which of the following rep ranges is appropriate for a client training for hypertrophy?

 

  1. 1-3
  2. 4-6
  3. 8-12
  4. 12 or more

 

  1. Individuals with hypertension should moderate their intake of which of the following?

 

  1. Salt
  2. Fiber
  3. Water
  4. Fruit

 

  1. When levels of sodium in the blood are too low, which condition can occur?

 

  1. Hyponatremia
  2. Dehydration
  3. Proteinuria
  4. Decreased blood sugar

 

  1. Which of the following determines how many meals a client should eat per day?

 

  1. The trainer’s discretion
  2. Client preference
  3. According to how the client’s body responds
  4. It should always be 5 meals per day

 

  1. If body fat has decreased but the scale has stayed the same, this means your client has gained which of the following?

 

  1. Fat mass
  2. Water weight
  3. Bone density
  4. Lean mass

 

  1. Which of the following is the recommended exercise intensity level for a client with Type I diabetes?

 

  1. Less than 40% MHR
  2. 40-54% MHR
  3. 55-85% MHR
  4. More than 86% MHR

 

  1. A conditioned client’s resting heart rate will be which of the following?

 

  1. Less than 60 BPM
  2. 61-70 BPM
  3. 71-80 BPM
  4. More than 81 BPM

 

  1. Approximately how many calories are in one pound of body fat?

 

  1. 2500
  2. 4600
  3. 3500
  4. 5600

 

  1. What exercise should be performed FIRST?

 

  1. Broad jump
  2. Back squat
  3. Split squat
  4. Power clean

 

  1. Which of the following is a key strategy for nutrition coaching?

 

  1. Identifying and eliminating behavior goals
  2. Identifying and eliminating time constraints
  3. Identifying and eliminating limiting factors
  4. Identifying and eliminating outcome goals

 

  1. How many hours after a meal should a diabetic train?

 

  1. 1-3
  2. 2-4
  3. 7-8
  4. 5-6

 

  1. Which of the following states that energy is never created nor destroyed, it’s just transferred between entities?

 

  1. Newton’s 1st law
  2. Law of thermodynamics
  3. Newton’s 3rd law
  4. General adaptation syndrome

 

  1. In which of the following are the triceps considered the agonist?

 

  1. Bench press
  2. Preacher curl
  3. Overhead extension
  4. Chin-up

 

  1. Which of the following are categorized as carbohydrates?

 

  1. Sugar, animal proteins, starch
  2. Fiber, sugar, starch
  3. Starch, fiber, animal proteins
  4. Fiber, sugar, animal proteins

 

  1. Which macronutrient is the most readily available for energy production?

 

  1. Fats
  2. Leucine
  3. Carbohydrates
  4. Valine

 

  1. A weight loss client is currently exercising 5+ hours a week and hits a plateau. What adjustments should a trainer suggest?

 

  1. Increase k/cal by 250
  2. Decrease k/cal by 100
  3. Increase k/cal 100
  4. Decrease k/cal by 250

 

  1. Which joint performs adduction, abduction, horizontal adduction and abduction, medial and lateral rotation, and circumduction?

 

  1. Spine
  2. Shoulder
  3. Knee
  4. Ankle

 

  1. Which of the following populations are environmental considerations such as pollen, allergies, and extreme temperatures key for?

 

  1. Youth
  2. Asthma
  3. Arthritis
  4. Hypertension

 

  1. If a client is suffering from insulin shock, what should a trainer give them?

 

  1. Sugar
  2. Fiber
  3. Caffeine
  4. Water

 

  1. A client is Type I diabetic and asks for a meal plan, what should the trainer do?

 

  1. Refer to a dietician
  2. Offer a templated meal plan
  3. Ask what their goal is and then prescribe meal plan
  4. Give a breakdown of macronutrients

 

  1. Which of the following is the recommended amount of fats per meal for a female client?

 

  1. 1 thumb
  2. 2 thumbs
  3. 1 fist
  4. 2 fists

 
 

  1. All activities begin in which energy pathway?

 

  1. ATP/CP
  2. Oxidative
  3. Glycolytic
  4. Aerobic

 

  1. Discussing the nutrient per amount of food is referring to which of the following?

 

  1. Nutrient density
  2. Caloric density
  3. Phyto-density
  4. Zoo-nutrient density

 

  1. Which of the following increases the rate of fatty acid metabolism and decreases the rate of carbohydrate metabolism during aerobic exercise?

 

  1. Fish oil
  2. Caffeine
  3. Alcohol
  4. Magnesium

 

  1. In an endurance mesocycle of a beginner’s program, which rep and set scheme would be most appropriate?

 

  1. 12-15 reps, 3 sets
  2. 4-6 reps, 1 set
  3. 8-10 reps, 4 sets
  4. 2-5 reps, 5 sets

 

  1. Which muscle fiber type is best for competing in a triathlon?

 

  1. Type I
  2. Type II
  3. Type IIA
  4. Type III

 

  1. A pregnant client experiences persistent severe headaches and unexplained spells of dizziness during training, what should the trainer do?

 

  1. Stop the workout, offer her water
  2. Ask another trainer what to do
  3. Refer her to her doctor
  4. Ask the training manager what to do

 

  1. Obesity and stress are confirmed risk factors for which of the following?

 

  1. Arthritis
  2. Coronary heart disease
  3. Type II diabetes
  4. Kidney disease

 

  1. When the spine develops an S- or C-shaped curve, this imbalance is referred to as which of the following?

 

  1. Lordosis
  2. Flatback
  3. Scoliosis
  4. Kyphosis

 

  1. A client thinks they injured their shoulder, what should the trainer do?

 

  1. Check out the issue
  2. Have another trainer check out the issue
  3. Continue training the client
  4. Refer them to a doctor

 

  1. If a client is in a hypertrophy-based phase, how many repetitions should be programmed?

 

  1. 2-4 reps
  2. 12-15 reps
  3. 1-6 reps
  4. 8-10 reps

 

  1. A trainer has an explosive-sport athlete client and has them perform explosive movements. Which of the following principles does this describe?

 

  1. Individual differences
  2. Progressive overload
  3. SAID
  4. GAS

 

  1. The systolic blood pressure reading of 140-159 is what stage of Hypertension?

 

  1. Stage 2
  2. Stage 1
  3. Stage 3
  4. High Normal

 

  1. Exercises which include sprinting and weightlifting utilize which type of fiber?

 

  1. Fast twitch
  2. Slow twitch
  3. Type I
  4. Type A

 

  1. Which macronutrient is made up of carbon and hydrogen elements joined together in long groups called hydrocarbons?

 

  1. Proteins
  2. Magnesium
  3. Potassium
  4. Fats

 

  1. When is it okay for a client to become intimately involved with their trainer?

 

  1. If both parties consent to it
  2. Never
  3. If the trainer’s manager knows about it
  4. Always

 

  1. What type of contraction is involved in controlling and stopping a movement?

 

  1. Eccentric
  2. Isometric
  3. Agonist
  4. Concentric

 

  1. Myofibrils are constructed of overlapping strands of protein polymers known as which of the following?

 

  1. Actin and tropomyosin
  2. Tropin and myosin
  3. Tropoactin and myosin
  4. Actin and myosin

 
 
 

  1. Which type of muscle fiber is highly resistant to fatigue and injury?

 

  1. Type I
  2. Fast twitch
  3. “Couch potato” fibers
  4. Type II

 

  1. What is an inexpensive, portable, and common way to assess body fat in the fitness industry?

 

  1. DEXA
  2. Bioelectrical impedance
  3. Skinfold testing
  4. Hydrostatic weighing

 

  1. During training, clients with hypertension should avoid which of the following?

 

  1. Seated resistance exercises
  2. Squat jumps
  3. Rising slowly from seated exercises
  4. Flexibility training

 

  1. Which of the following training principles dictates increasing load or intensity each mesocycle?

 

  1. Progressive overload
  2. GAS
  3. Quality training
  4. Individual differences

 

  1. A bicep curl is an example of which of the following type of lever?

 

  1. 1st class
  2. 2nd class
  3. 3rd class
  4. 4th class

 

  1. What is the appropriate protein portion for women?

 

  1. 2 palm portions
  2. 2 cupped handfuls
  3. 1 cupped handful
  4. 1 palm portion
  5. Which of the following is encouraged for nutrition coaching for positive reinforcement?

 

  1. Calorie counting
  2. Macro counting
  3. Food journal
  4. Exercise journal

 

  1. Which of the following is an environmental stressor a client may experience?

 

  1. Job problems
  2. Allergies
  3. Overuse stress
  4. Schedule conflicts

 

  1. The gluteus maximus is located superior to which muscle?

 

  1. Biceps brachii
  2. Erector spinae
  3. Gastrocnemius
  4. Brachioradialis

 

  1. Which of the following is an example of a behavior goal?

 

  1. Lose 10 pounds
  2. Increase back squat by 10 pounds
  3. Workout 3 days a week
  4. Decrease mile run time by 1 minute

 

  1. A client has a history of heart disease, what should the trainer request?

 

  1. 12 min run/ walk test
  2. Medical clearance
  3. Signed waiver
  4. PAR-Q form

 

  1. The Law of Overcompensation and Overload allows for which of the following in regards to intensity?

 

  1. Progressively increase over a period to time
  2. Progressively decrease over a period of time
  3. Remain the same
  4. Acute decrease over a period of time
  5. Those who engage in cross training may experience which of the following?

 

  1. Increased risk of injury
  2. Positive orthopedic benefit
  3. Decreased risk of injury
  4. Specific adaptations

 

  1. When the spine curves inward at the low back, this is referred to as which of the following?

 

  1. Kyphosis
  2. Lordosis
  3. Flatback
  4. Scoliosis

 

  1. During a biceps curl, the triceps play what role in contraction?

 

  1. Antagonist
  2. Assistant
  3. Prime mover
  4. Agonist

 

  1. Which of the following is the smallest phase or cycle of training?

 

  1. Mesocycle
  2. Macrocycle
  3. Recovery cycle
  4. Microcycle

 

  1. How many hours of activity should portion sizes for meals be enough to sustain for?

 

  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4

 

  1. Which of the following are the building blocks of protein?

 

  1. Fatty acids
  2. Amino acids
  3. Ribonucleic acids
  4. Alpha-linolenic acids
  5. A client says they have a headache, what should the trainer do?

 

  1. Recommend they drink water, then stop the training session
  2. Give them Advil, then stop the training session
  3. Give them a prescription medication, then continue training session
  4. Give them Advil, then continue training session

 

  1. If a client has a hard time touching their head to the wall during postural analysis, they may have which of the following postural deviations?

 

  1. Tight shoulders
  2. Swayback
  3. Kyphosis
  4. Forward head

 

  1. Which of the following is the prime mover used in a pull-up?

 

  1. Triceps
  2. Deltoid
  3. Latissimus dorsi
  4. Gastrocnemius

 

  1. “Do not allow legs to bow inward or outward” is an appropriate cue to give clients during which of the following movements?

 

  1. Hanging leg raise
  2. Tube walking
  3. Dumbbell incline bench press
  4. Lunge

 

  1. A client completed 2 or more repetitions in the last 2 consecutive workouts. Which of the following indicates the client needs a load progression?

 

  1. Henneman’s principle
  2. Karvonen formula
  3. 2-for-2 rule
  4. Harris-Benedict equation

 

  1. Which of the following ranges are needed to achieve maximum power when using 55-85% of 1RM?

 

  1. 3-5 reps, 3-5 sets
  2. 3-5 reps, 1-2 sets
  3. 1-2 reps, 1-2 sets
  4. 1-2 reps, 3-5 sets

 

  1. A trainer has a client request their records; how must that request be made?

 

  1. Over the phone
  2. In a face to face conversation
  3. Only in writing
  4. Asking the trainer’s manager

 

  1. Approximately how many calories are in one gram of carbohydrates?

 

  1. 4
  2. 3
  3. 5
  4. 6

 

  1. What is the term for when inspired oxygen during the recovery phase from exercise is in excess of resting needs?

 

  1. Oxygen deficit
  2. Oxygen debt
  3. Aerobic fitness
  4. Anaerobic fitness

 

  1. How the body breaks down and uses energy for activity is which of the following?

 

  1. Anaerobic exercise
  2. Aerobic exercise
  3. Energy metabolism
  4. ATP/CP pathway

 

  1. Which of the following is a symptom of overtraining?

 

  1. Increase in body weight
  2. Decreased number of infections
  3. Lowered heart rate during exercise
  4. Decrease in performance

 

  1. “Keep shoulder blades down and together throughout the entire movement” is an appropriate cue to give clients during which of the following movements?

 

  1. Dumbbell incline bench press
  2. Chin-up
  3. Hanging leg raise
  4. Squat

 

  1. The ATP/CP Pathway is best for which of the following activities?

 

  1. Running a marathon
  2. 100m sprint
  3. 30 minutes steady state cardio
  4. Tabata workout

 

  1. How often should information be collected when working with a client?

 

  1. Only on the initial assessment
  2. Once a month
  3. Every time a trainer meets with them
  4. Only at reassessments

 

  1. What are the recommended servings of fruits and vegetables per day?

 

  1. 11-15 servings per day
  2. 3-4 servings per day
  3. 1-2 servings per day
  4. 5-10 servings per day

 

  1. Which of the following intake forms is necessary to ensure no prior medical concerns for a client?

 

  1. Liability waiver
  2. Comprehensive client form
  3. PAR-Q
  4. Recovery assessment

 

  1. A lateral leg raise demonstrates which type of movement?

 

  1. Adduction
  2. Extension
  3. Abduction
  4. Hyperextension

 

  1. When administering a skin-fold assessment, which side of the body should all measurements be taken on for body fat?
  2. Left
  3. Front
  4. Right
  5. Back

 

  1. Which type of stretching is beneficial for sports performance and involves momentum?

 

  1. Static stretching
  2. Self-myofascial release
  3. Contract-antagonist relax method
  4. Dynamic stretching

 

  1. High impact exercise could be problematic for diabetics due to which of the following?

 

  1. Muscle cramps
  2. Nerve damage
  3. Headaches
  4. Dehydration

 

  1. The FITT acronym stands for which of the following?

 

  1. Fitness, Intensity, Training, Time
  2. Frequency, Integration, Training, Time
  3. Frequency, Integration, Total Volume, Tmax
  4. Frequency, Intensity, Time, Type

 

  1. Which type of joint allows movement?

 

  1. Cartilaginous
  2. Synovial
  3. Fibrous
  4. Periosteum

 

  1. Weakness and numbness of the face, arm, or leg that is often only on one side of the body refer to which condition?

 

  1. Stroke
  2. Heart attack
  3. Diabetes
  4. Pancreatitis

 

  1. In which of the following is the soleus considered the prime mover?

 

  1. Leg extension
  2. Hamstring curl
  3. Seated calf raise
  4. Standing calf raise

 

  1. Which of the following is the best way to earn a client’s trust when they are feeling the water before jumping in?

 

  1. Utilize a plan that has worked for similar clients
  2. Let the client tell you what they want the plan to be
  3. Dictate to the client what the plan will be
  4. Create a plan that you have both jointly discovered

 

  1. Which of the following markers is an easy way to assess hydration levels in the body?

 

  1. Paleness of skin
  2. Excessive sweating
  3. Urine color
  4. Increased saliva

 

  1. In a client’s training cycle, one day or training session is known as which of the following?

 

  1. Microcycle
  2. Mesocycle
  3. Macrocycle
  4. Peak Cycle

 

  1. Which of the following is required for weight loss and can also result in loss of lean body mass?

 

  1. Positive energy balance
  2. Excess calories
  3. Negative energy balance
  4. Total energy expenditure

 

  1. Which body type has a slower metabolic rate and does not tolerate carbohydrates well?

 

  1. Endomorph
  2. Mesomorph
  3. Ectomorph
  4. Endo-mesomorph

 

  1. The “hunchback”, or rounded appearance of the upper back is known as which postural deviation?

 

  1. Kyphosis
  2. Lordosis
  3. Forward head
  4. Swayback

 

  1. Maximal heart rate is calculated by subtracting your age from:

 

  1. 100
  2. 180
  3. 220
  4. 200

 

  1. Which of the following is the recommended amount of fats per meal for a male client?

 

  1. 1 thumb
  2. 2 thumbs
  3. 1 fist
  4. 2 fists

 

  1. Which of the following is primarily responsible for strength gains in youth clients?

 

  1. Hypertrophy training
  2. Neurological factors
  3. Power training
  4. Environmental factors

 

  1. Which of the following is caused by pain or stiffness in the skeletal joints?

 

  1. Asthma
  2. Hypertension
  3. Arthritis
  4. Coronary heart disease

 

  1. What exercise is most appropriate for testing muscular endurance?
  2. Push-up
  3. Bench press
  4. Back squat
  5. Bicep curl

 

  1. The need for different phases of training helps to prevent which of the following?

 

  1. Peak performance
  2. Rest and recovery
  3. Enhanced performance
  4. Overtraining

 

  1. Which joint permits limited gliding movement and can be found in the bones of the wrist?

 

  1. Arthrodial
  2. Condyloid
  3. Ball and socket
  4. Trochoidal

 

  1. High Normal blood pressure is categorized as which of the following?

 

  1. 140-159/90-99
  2. 120/80
  3. 130-139/85-89
  4. 160/100

 

  1. What occurs when exercise begins and the intake of oxygen doesn’t immediately meet the demands?

 

  1. Oxygen deficit
  2. Oxygen debt
  3. Aerobic fitness
  4. Anaerobic fitness

 

  1. Which resistance training system helps to increase intensity and optimize time?

 

  1. Rest-pause
  2. Pyramid
  3. Occlusion
  4. Superset
  5. Which of the following is the best carbohydrate source to consume for weight/fat loss?

 

  1. Minimally processed, slow digesting
  2. Processed quickly, fast acting
  3. A combination of fast and slow carbohydrates
  4. Moderately processed, absorbed quickly

 

  1. Which of the following is an acceptable body fat range for a male client?

 

  1. 6-9%
  2. 10-14%
  3. 15-18%
  4. 19-23%

 

  1. Which of the following is part of stage 1 of the drawing-in phase?

 

  1. Demonstrating sincerity
  2. Data collection
  3. Feeling the water
  4. Goal setting

 

  1. Which of the following is a known limiting factor for good nutrition?

 

  1. A cheat meal once a week
  2. Meal prep routine
  3. Adequate sleep and recovery
  4. Repetitive weekends full of not following the plan

 

  1. When creating rigidity in the torso, which of the following involves expiring against a closed glottis, combined with contracting muscles of the abdomen and rib cage?

 

  1. Heimlich maneuver
  2. Valsalva maneuver
  3. Mueller maneuver
  4. Diaphragmatic maneuver

 

  1. Which type of muscle arrangement runs parallel to the longitudinal axis of the muscle?

 

  1. Parallel
  2. Unipennate
  3. Triangular
  4. Fusiform