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740 Assignment 3
The project involves the application of Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) to determine the rate of depression among the 700 older adults that visit the clinic. The idea is to capture measurable and reliable data that can be used for future studies. In the study, the senior citizens would be subjected to assessment through a set of questions to determine any symptoms of depression. The project delves into the backgrounds of the aging groups to determine its relationship with depression tendencies some of which are suicidal.
One of the crucial questions in the application of the scale is the nature of health services sought by the aging population. The objective of this question is to assess if the general practitioners or specialists attend to their medical needs (Cole & Dendukuri, 2003). Interviews of the senior citizens showed that 74% of them receive health care from the general practitioners while only 26 % seek professional help. The information acquired was crucial to encourage the elderly to seek specialized medical care at all times (Bogner et al., 2007).
The study showed that 66% of those subjected to the survey exhibited depression symptoms that would otherwise not be captured with the use of other assessment tools (Cole & Dendukuri, 2003). In the assessment, the number of patients with depression tendencies stood at 21% of the overall population. Issues such as sources of income and family stability were identified as some of the leading causes of depression among the aging population (Yesavage, Brink & Rose, 2000). Out of the 220 older adults that exhibited depression symptoms, 170 said that they had no reliable source of income and mostly relied on the social welfare programs for their survival (Bogner et al, 2007).
Thoughts about death were identified as the primary cause of depression among the older adults (Waern et al, 2002). The GDS identified 90% of the patients interviewed are worried and concerned about death, which leads to the development of depression symptoms (Adachi et al., 2002). The issue of family support system was prominent in the study. Interestingly, 70% of the aged people with good family support had no signs of depression (Bogner et al., 2007).
The scale captured data about the reasons why the majority of the patients above the age of 65 years only seek services from primary health care centers (Chi & Chou, 2001). The assessment showed that the majority cannot access specialized professional services as they lack medical health covers to cater for the service (Schulz & Martire, 2004). The tool was effective in assessing the quality of health services available to the elderly. It was identified that indeed lack of reliable health covers among the aging groups is on its own a major source of depression. Additionally, 56% of those captured in the data were concerned about the quality of health services that they can afford (Bogner et al., 2007).
The project has a lot of significance in the patient care as it describes the major concerns of the aging population such lack of specialized medical care. The project also provides the medical professionals with an opportunity to make timely interventions to enhance the care outcomes among the elderly people (Schulz & Martire, 2004). The project provides the medical professionals with a reliable basis for holistic and culturally sensitive interventions to achieve the objectives, assessment, and diagnosis of depression among the elderly patients (Bogner et al., 2007).
As a conclusion, the GDS is a reliable assessment and diagnosis tool for depression among the aging populations. The tool offers the healthcare professionals an opportunity to acquire reliable information about the causes of depression, which is rampant and can even extend to suicide, among the populations above the age of 65 years.
Adachi, M., Ishihara, K., Abe, S., Okuda, K., & Ishikawa, T. (2002). Effect of professional oral health care on the elderly living in nursing homes. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology, 94(2), 191-195.
Bogner, H. R., Morales, K. H., Post, E. P., & Bruce, M. L. (2007). Diabetes, Depression, and Death A randomized controlled trial of a depression treatment program for older adults based in primary care (PROSPECT). Diabetes care, 30(12), 3005-3010.
Chi, I., & Chou, K. L. (2001). Social support and depression among elderly Chinese people in Hong Kong. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 52(3), 231-252.
Cole, M. G., & Dendukuri, N. (2003). Risk factors for depression among elderly community subjects: A systematic review and meta-analysis. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160(6), 1147-1156.
Cole, M. G., & Dendukuri, N. (2003). Risk factors for depression among elderly community subjects: A systematic review and meta-analysis. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160(6), 1147-1156.
Schulz, R., & Martire, L. M. (2004). Family caregiving of persons with dementia: prevalence, health effects, and support strategies. The American journal of geriatric psychiatry, 12(3), 240-249.
Waern, M., Runeson, B. S., Allebeck, P., Beskow, J., Rubenowitz, E., Skoog, I., & Wilhelmsson, K. (2002). Mental disorder in elderly suicides: a case-control study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159(3), 450-455.
Yesavage, J. A., Brink, T. L., & Rose, T. L. (2000). Geriatric depression scale (GDS). Handbook of psychiatric measures. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association, 544-6.