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A Classification on the Different Types of Communications Essential in the Practice of Nursing
Nurses have a wide range of responsibilities in healthcare and communication plays a significant role in effectively accomplishing those tasks. Communication involves exchanging information usually, from the sender to the receiver either verbally, in written form, or other mediums. Nursing, as a healthcare science it not only requires medical knowledge and expertise but also interpersonal skills which are necessary for relating with patients and other healthcare workers. Good Interpersonal communication is a crucial component in nursing practice for both nurses and patients (Kourkouta & Papathanasiou, 2014). It helps the clients to be at ease, feel in control, and valued. Additionally, it contributes to the achievement of the desired treatment outcome. In nursing, communication is largely observed in various dimensions including therapy, treatment, health education and promotion, and prevention. Nurses communicate with other medical staff and patients and their families either verbally, non-verbally, through writing, or using visual communication. This paper explores the various types of communications that exist, why communications are important, and how they are observed in the practice of nursing.
Types of communication
Verbal communication is the main type of communication used. It involves the utilization of language to share data by talking. It is one of the most widely recognized form, frequently utilized during introductions, video conferencing and telephone calls, gatherings and one-on-one discussions. Verbal relation is significant as it is productive. It tends to be useful to help verbal correspondence with both nonverbal and composed correspondence (Kourkouta & Papathanasiou, 2014). Verbally expressed words are vital in the medicinal services setting. Individuals from the multi-disciplinary human services group discuss verbally with each other and with patients in addition to relatives.
The other type of communication that exists and utilized in healthcare settings is non-verbal or communication through body language. It encompasses one’s posture, facial expression, gestures, touch, eye contact, accent, and tone, just to mention a few elements. This type of communication can tell a lot or can mean an inappropriate impression for different people or groups (Kourkouta & Papathanasiou, 2014). It is important to note that non-verbal communication may demonstrate alternate importance to what is spoken.
Thirdly, nursing largely utilizes written communication. It includes writing, writing or printing images like letters and numbers to pass on data. It is useful because it gives a record of data to reference. Medical caretakers need to keep great composed records of the consideration given to patients’ customers for different reasons. They have to record the consideration that has been given to the patient or customer and ensure the consideration and treatment can keep on being given securely regardless of which staff are on obligation, among different reasons (Adler, Rodman & Du Pré, 2016).
Visual communication is also widely used in the practice of nursing. New prescriptions which come into the market must be shown to specialists and the favorable circumstances of usage must be clarified. At such occasions, nurses convey useful flyers which are appeared to other healthcare workers and their patients if necessary (Adler, Rodman & Du Pré, 2016). Person to person correspondence also plays a big role in helping people who are mentally challenged and those who have hearing issues.
Why communications are important
Studies demonstrate that communications among nurses and patients have numerous advantages. First, it significantly adds to the capacity to furnish patients with individualized consideration. Medical caretakers who set aside the effort to comprehend the one of a kind difficulties and worries of their patients will be better arranged to advocate for their benefit and appropriately address issues as they emerge (Riley, 2015). The talk with the patient should leave no doubts, questions, and misconceptions. For instance, if the patient speculates that while visiting with him we are making signals to an escort, he/she will presume that we are not revealing to him every bit of relevant information. Where there is a requirement for a different and private talk with somebody from the patient’s condition, we ought to be cautious about the spot, way and time of this correspondence, which ought to be free of the dialog with the patient. This more noteworthy spotlight on correspondence as often as possible prompts better patient results too.
Moreover, individuals contrast in their requirements for correspondence and therefore the significance of different types of communication. Some expect or require signals or non-verbal communication. Others, for example, the individuals who are outwardly weakened convey utilizing braille while people who have hearing issues require communication through signing to comprehend a message. These various needs ought to be dealt with in like manner by the attendants, who ought to have the option to distinguish what every patient needs (Riley, 2015). What regardless ought to be maintained a strategic distance from by the parental figures is quiet and indifference to the inquiries of the patient. In the best cases, the patient will leave frustrated and in the most exceedingly awful extremely rankled with medical attendants.
How communications are observed
Communications in nursing are mainly observed during therapy, treatment, prevention, and health education and promotion. In therapeutic cases, for instance, nurses may use different types of communication on the client and fellow workers depending on their needs. Therapeutic communication entails the relational correspondence between the patient and the medical attendant. This correspondence is proposed to support the patient (McCabe & Timmins, 2013). The abilities required in the restorative correspondence are fragile and far various than those required by and large relational association, and acing of remedial methods enables the medical attendant to comprehend the patient better. Sound relational connection aptitudes for the medical caretaker are of incredible significance and essential for viable helpful correspondence.
Nonetheless, restorative correspondence is planned for building up a few goals for the medical caretaker as emotional well-being proficient. Communication is the methods which start, expounds and cuts off the medical attendant patient association. To accomplish an effective remedial correspondence the medical caretaker must pursue the standard of security and classification protect the patients’ rights to security, enable the patient to communicate uninhibitedly, regard the patient by contemplating the foundation, age, religion, financial status and race in regarding individual space. The medical caretaker must be prepared to recognize the patient’s needs and goals; they may need to set the cutoff points on the off chance that they believe they will be abused (McCabe & Timmins, 2013). Proficient correspondence is significant for the connection between the attendant and the patient. The two of them have to pursue rules, use affability structures, for example, make proper acquaintance, and farewell, among others.
Overall, there are various types of communication which are widely used by nurses in practice. Verbal, non-verbal, written, and visual communication are the major types of communication that exist. The different forms of communicating used are important as they facilitate the achievement of the desired healthcare goals. Besides, different communication classification is used to suit diverse needs. For instance, patients who are visually impaired understand sign language. Communications are observed in nursing practice mainly during therapy, treatment, and health promotion and education.
References
Adler, R. B., Rodman, G. R., & Du Pré, A. (2016). Understanding human communication (Vol. 10). Oxford University Press.
Kourkouta, L., & Papathanasiou, I. V. (2014). Communication in nursing practice. Materia socio-medica26(1), 65.
McCabe, C., & Timmins, F. (2013). Communication skills for nursing practice. Macmillan International Higher Education.
Riley, J. B. (2015). Communication in nursing. Elsevier Health Sciences.