Institution affiliation
Student’s name
Acupuncture to treat insomnia
Insomnia is a disorder described by staying asleep or lack of sleep. It is categorized into two. There is primary and secondary insomnia. Primary is where the person lacks sleep for no health complications, while secondary insomnia is where one lacks sleep mainly because of health issues like cancer, heartburn or depression (Manber, et al. 2016). People suffering from insomnia feel the urge to sleep but sleep evades them. The variation of how long it occurs results in categories of whether the person is in the acute stage or the chronic stage.  Acute insomnia is a short term sleep problem. Sleep problem can occur once in a night for two weeks. Chronic insomnia is a long term problem. It can for three nights a week and can go for three months or more.
Psychological disorder
Long hours of lack of sleep causes stress, worry, and boredom. This directly communicates that proper sleep facilitates mental stability and good physical condition. Insomnia is caused by a number of mental health problems. DSM V diagnosis is assigned to people who suffer to lack of enough quality or quantity of sleep to extent of impairment in other important areas (Waugh, et al. 2017). A number of factors that upsets the condition include;
Stress and Anxiety
These can often make sleeping become a challenge. They cause to worry, overstimulation and tension. In most cases, it causes a negative association of staying asleep or falling asleep.
Mental disorders
It becomes difficult to stay asleep or sleep while one is suffering from mental problems like depression. Hormonal changes and moods can cause insomnia.
Medical conditions
Medical conditions such as arthritis, reflux, typhoid disorder, and chronic pain can upset discomfort and greatly cause insomnia.
Common symptoms of insomnia disorders

  • Difficulties in falling asleep
  • Irritation feeling
  • Staying awake for long hours
  • Short sets of sleep at night
  • Fatigue after waking up
  • Trouble going back to sleep after rising early
  • Lack of attention in daily activities
  • Unable to work during the day because of the feeling of fatigue

Cognitive behavior treatment of insomnia
A cognitive behavior for treating insomnia is adapting to a program. The program must be structured to replace behavior and thoughts that result in evasion of sleep. It promotes better conditions for mental state and enhances relaxation. The cognitive behavior helps one overcome the hindrance of sleep.
Acupuncture and how it treats insomnia
Also known as needle therapy, acupuncture is one of the old Chinese drugs. Today the training has been adopted by the Western prescription as an option or reciprocal treatment and has won numerous Western experts. A developing populace of patients is attempting needle therapy for the help of a wide scope of medical issues, from infection to medication and liquor enslavement and a sleeping disorder. The interruption of yin and yang vitality, light and dull, day and night, is accepted to be the central reason for sleep deprivation, as indicated by needle therapy drug. Acupuncturists utilize exceptionally meager long needles that they embed in different locales of the body along purposes of vitality stream, called meridians. The needles are easy and are utilized to open channels of life vitality, which have turned out to be blocked. At the point when your physical and otherworldly vitality stream is stopped your body reacts with side effects of disorder and another disaccord, similar to a sleeping disorder for one. These particular side effects, however, are characteristic of the vitality hindrance, which needle therapy eases.
Acupuncturists have been effectively treating insomnia manifestations for a considerable length of time and keep on giving help. Before your specialist starts staying needles in you, however, the individual in question invests energy refining the idea of your a sleeping disorder. Sleep deprivation side effects are not relieved with one trek to the acupuncturist. Certainty is your specialist will probably encourage you to return for ensuing treatments a couple of times each week through the span of a timeframe, contingent on the idea of your sleep deprivation. Numerous patients report tranquility and unwinding they’ve not experienced in quite a while in a needle therapy session and others report a practically automatic arrival of feelings.
Treatment of insomnia and its aims
The structured program in cognitive behavior treatment helps the patients change mental claims and recover back the ability to sleep. The therapy works effectively by eliminating feelings of worry and that make them stay awake.
Techniques used by the therapist to treat insomnia are;

  • Sleep restriction is the treatment that controls the times one lies in bed without falling asleep. It is good advice for one not to lie in bed while awake as it can cause sleeping problems. Increasing sleeping duration can increase once a time in bed.
  • Relaxation training helps stabilization of the mind and the body. This is associated with creative meditation, relaxation of the muscles imagery and others.
  • Biological machines are used to examine the organs of the body such as the rate of the heart, the tension of the muscles and others. Therapist examining your condition may give pattern card to take home with you to record the pattern progress. This structural program helps the specialist in recognizing the sleep problem.
  • Improving the sleeping environment. The surrounding in which you sleep can contribute to sleeping efficiency. The environment should be clean, cool and dark. Electronics such as television and music system should be discouraged in the bedroom.
  • Sleep hygiene. Therapist train one on changing the basic negative habits. Taking of excess alcohol and caffeine especially in the evening is discouraged. Regular exercise is greatly upheld. The specialists also give guidelines that promote sleep.

Synthesis of the 3 journals
Summary of the studies’ goals
To investigation of the effectiveness of acupuncture as a therapy. Examine the impacts of acupuncture on emotional moods and sleep quality and quantity. Evaluate the lifestyles of people suffering from schizophrenia. Moreover, to remarkably improve the treatment of acupuncture from insomnia disorder. The three reports aimed at giving response and remarks on the already resolved insomnia treatments.
Success across the three studies
The acupuncture treatment was a success. China is the most affected state with insomnia rated acupuncture as the best treatment for it. This is after patients who were in the chronic stages of insomnia gave a report on how their conditions have improved. Acupuncture treatment was best preferred by patients who evaded the medical treatment and opted for acupuncture.  For a definite draw of conclusion, more exploring for quality and quantity were done. More evaluation of the effectiveness of acupuncture was done and a conclusion was reached. Acupuncture best resolves long term insomnia disorders that are mostly brought by depression.
Analysis of the CBT on insomnia
My opinion
Cognitive behavior treatment is a recommended treatment for such mental health illness as no intake of medicines and drugs is required. People suffering from insomnia are likely to be stressful and prescribing drugs for them would likely lead to more stressful living. Highly trained therapists are able to trigger positive mental stability to the patient. A more structured program is set to act as the guideline even with the absence of the specialists. It takes a patient’s step of faith to literary to believe that behavior change with correct his/her disorder without drugs and injections. And that makes it the best treatment first-line for adults with long term insomnia and pain disorder. (Fatemi., et al 2015)
The reaction of the finding
For those with chronic insomnia, CBT is recommended to be the best for them. It improves both the quality and quantity of sleep of the patient without the use of sleeping pills. Research and reports have recommended CBT to sleeping pills as they do not have any side effects. CBT maintain the normal sleep duration, unlike other medications. It treats depression to people with insomnia. Moreover, it reduces pain disorders to people with insomnia, unlike the new generation treatments. Research show Drug abuse and use of sleeping pills follow the same neurobiological path of addiction (Dong, at al. 2017).
Overall, acupuncture is an ancient medical practice for the Chinese that was used to relieve pain. However, it is commonly used naturally as a treatment of discomforts that interfere with sleep and other conditions that cause depression, stress, and anxiety. In addition, CBT is the most rated treatment method by most research stations. It is first-line and completely eliminates the use of pills. It has zero side effects, maintains good performance and it is more effective. However, the research study groups gave a common report on the effectiveness of acupuncture as a treatment for chronic insomnia. The three research groups had study goals matched in the evaluation and examining of the acupuncture treatment. They all matched with common positive remarks.
Dong, B., Chen, Z., Yin, X., Li, D., Ma, J., Yin, P., … & Xu, S. (2017). The efficacy of acupuncture for treating depression-related insomnia compared with a control group: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BioMed research international, 2017.
Fatemi, G., Fang, M. A., Breuer, P., Cherniak, P. E., Gentili, A., Hanlon, J. T., … & Schmader, K. (2015). Deconstructing chronic low back pain in the older adult—step by step evidence and expert-based recommendations for evaluation and treatment part III: fibromyalgia syndrome. Pain Medicine, 16(9), 1709-1719.
Manber, R., Buysse, D. J., Edinger, J., Krystal, A., Luther, J. F., Wisniewski, S. R., … & Thase, M. E. (2016). Efficacy of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia Combined With Antidepressant Pharmacotherapy in Patients With Comorbid Depression and Insomnia: A Randomized Controlled Trial. The Journal of clinical psychiatry, 77(10), e1316-e1323.
Waugh, M. H., Hopwood, C. J., Krueger, R. F., Morey, L. C., Pincus, A. L., & Wright, A. G. (2017). Psychological assessment with the DSM–5 Alternative Model for Personality Disorders: Tradition and innovation. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 48(2), 79.