Aggressive behavior can cause physical or emotional harm to others. It may range from verbal abuse or physical abuse. The question we are supposed to ask ourselves is whether brain damage/injury can result to this verbal and physical abuse. In recent researches it has been proved that brain damage ca result to these aggressive behaviors (Zillmann, 1971).
Brain damage can and apparently affects the victim’s emotions (Rao, et al., 2009). It causes pronounced changes in their personality. Some specific areas I have to mention that have the major results in the brain damage are frontal and temporal lobes, amygdala, and hyppa campus. Once these parts of the brain are damaged or affected they leave the victims prone or venerable to agitation, volatile emotions, memory impairment, physical aggression, and impaired impulse control (Rao, et al., 2009). If you study all these results closely you will come to realize that they all result to only one thing and that is the aggressive behavior of the victim affected.
There are some few causes of aggressive behaviors depending on the age and the environment of the victim affected. For example, in children stress and frustrations, underlying health conditions, poor relationship skills are the major causes of these aggressive behaviors. In teenagers, the major causes of the aggressive behaviors are mainly stress, peer pressure, substance abuse, unhealthy relationships with family members and other people around them. In adults it is mainly after war, poor family relationships. The main result of all these causes is break up in marriages, hurting others unwillingly or even victims hurting themselves (Zillmann, 1971).
In most cases all this come with pre injury personality and post injury personality. The pre injury personality can be mistaken since some of the characteristics are kindness, love, curiosity and in some cases humor. This factors are mainly common in war veterans who have had brain damage or even some stroke patients and heart attack. The post injury personality are the obvious ones like intense anger, confusion, and unpredictable volatile behaviors, verbal attacks, physical aggression, and impaired impulse control (Rao, et al., 2009).
In all the above results there are some results which arise from them. These results might be economical, social, or even political (Zillmann, 1971). The main result is the social results. This is where the victim hurts the people around him physically, or emotionally, then we ask ourselves are these people with the brain damage supposed to be taken to court for a hearing or not?
Many are the times we come to realize that most of our courts are full of this types of cases. The victims might be suffering from a brain damage and then he/she commits a crime unwillingly. This now raises the question, should psychologists and neuropsychologists be allowed to testify in courts? My answer is yes. This is because the psychologists understand their patients better than any of us can and therefore their word in the court of law can be very important for the victim (Zillmann, 1971).
Sometimes we come to see that some people did some things not willingly but out of something they could not resist inside them. This are mostly the results of brain injury. When it comes to the court of law the victims are just sentenced just like any other culprit out there. This is wrong. The victims should be considered in a way that they have brain dysfunction and therefore this can lead them into doing some things that are not done by normal human beings (Zillmann, 1971).
Before the courts makes their final ruling the psychologist or neuropsychologist of the patient must first be present and be listened to. This is what we refer to as a fair ruling. But if the victims are just treated just like normal people around us this will be unfair to them. We should know that they are human beings with disabilities just like the others and should be treated in a considerate way.
These people with such brain damage are people we interact with in our day to day lives and what we should focus about is how to improve their conditions if not so, how to accept and live with them in our community (Rao, et al., 2009).
The first thing we need to identify first is the cause of the brain damage which leads to the aggressive behavior of the victim. The underlying causes might be as I stated earlier on and therefore we need to find a way to help them out and live with them. If for example in young children and teens who act aggressively is the family issues that leads to this, their parents or guardians should be held responsible for anything that the child or the teen does to his or her peers. The parents and the guardians should try to solve the issues in the family for it not to affect the young child or the teenager in the house.
Stress is the most common cause of aggressive behavior be it in children, teenagers, and even the adults in some cases. Stress can be dealt with in many different ways. The first common way is for the parents and the guardians guiding their kids on how to deal with the situations affecting them in life. This will help them build up the parent-child bond which is very important in building the family relationship. If this does not work out then there are a lot of talk therapy sessions which can be held by the victim and the therapist probably a psychologist (Zillmann, 1971).
These talk sessions are meant for both the kids and the adults. It helps the victims since it makes them disclose the main reason behind their aggressive behavior. In such cases the therapist is able to identify the cause of the problem and can help out the patient.
Another way of helping those affected is developing strategies for coping with frustrating situations.
For example, you can learn how to communicate more openly and honestly without making the victim aggressive or without being aggressive yourself. Also, changing the lifestyle can help in solving the problem. We need to understand our victims and avoid the situations that make them aggressive and by this we will be able to live with them in our community without anger issues or frustrations. If it’s the family structure that makes them aggressive we should try and solve it for them to live in a secure of environment free from worries of things that might happen.
We should improve their relationship with others, improve their work or the school environment. If it’s their life experiences we should try and make them comfortable with their present life and that way we will have solved a problem that might continue haunting us (Breed & Sanchez, 2010).
References
Breed, M. D., & Sanchez, L. (2010). Both Environment and Genetic Makeup Influence Behavior. Nature Education Knowledge.
Rao, V., Rosenberg, P., Bertrand, M., Salehinia, S., Spiro, J., Vaishnavi, S., . . . Miles, Q. S. (2009). Agression after Traumatic Brain Injury: Prevalence Correlates. Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci., 420-429.
Zillmann, D. (1971). Excitation transfer in communication-mediated aggressive behavior. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 419-434.

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