Have you ever wondered if there were no animals at all that researchers and scholars would use to test various drugs that we currently use to manage medical? In such situations, there would be no other option than to subject humans to experiments and this would be unethical given that it is likely that individuals would encounter harm or even worse, could die if they were to be experimented. Similarly, a significant number of people feel that animal research is unethical and that animal rights should be respected. In 2015 for instance, a Gallup poll revealed that 67 percent of Americans disagreed with the use of animals in research (Gay 236). This paper is meant for the non-engaged stakeholders in animal testing. They include children, teenagers, and a large portion of the members of the general public. Kids and young children are not concerned with animal research since they have no adequate understanding of what it is about and even if they do, they do not have the capacity to make any advances since they are supposed to attend school first. As for the members of the general public, some of them are not involved because they are busy with their day-to-day activities and no not consider animal experimentation as an important issue. Others are not engaged because they have been misinformed by various media sources and hence oppose animal testing and others are uninterested because they do not have sufficient information on the goodness of subjecting animals to tests. Despite the high opposition, animal research is important as it facilitates scientific understanding and enables researchers to come up with ways of disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. As such, animal testing is good for us as humans and should be highly supported since it contributes to the enhancement of healthcare
Carrying out experiments on non-human living things is not a new practice but can be traced as early as the 2nd and 4th centuries. Animal testing is also referred to as animal research or animal experimentation involves subjecting animals to experimental trials aimed at monitoring the variables which impact their behavioral or biological systems. Animal testing contracts with field research which involves observing animals in their natural surroundings (Gay 251). Many Universities and medical schools, as well as pharmaceutical companies, are equipped with the necessary resources for animal testing. Unlike in the past few decades, many countries now perform animal experiments. In the U.S for instance, about 26 million animals are subjected to scientific experiments every year. Animals are preferred primarily because it is difficult to perform the tests on humans. Well, there are other alternatives such as cell cultures, in vitro testing, and organoids which can be used instead of animals. However, they are unreliable and cannot provide adequate information on for instance, how various body processes such as the immune system and the CNS, among others, work (Doke and Shashikant 225). Therefore, this makes animal species the most suitable for research especially because they are more biologically similar to humans. Nevertheless, it is worth noting that there are rules that govern animal testing. This ensures that animals are not mistreated.
Animal testing is good as it contributes to the advancement of healthcare by facilitating scientific knowledge. Boosting logical understanding via essential natural study causes us to comprehend how living things operate, and employ that understanding benefit both people and animals. Numerous vital cell structures are equal in many creatures, and the groups of non-human organisms are similar to humans in the sense that they carry out numerous crucial operatins, for example, respiration, absorption, growth, seeing, hearing, and propagation (Monamy 47).
Above is an image of marmoset monkeys utilized in a test being given mash marshmallows in a research institution. Monkeys are very similar to humans and therefore, using them in experiments can provide the accurate information needed.
To manage malady, professionals and researchers need to determine how the complete body functions. This, consequently, prompts an understanding of the outcomes for the body when we become ill and in what way this can be corrected. More comprehension of the body’s life systems and processes can lead to logical discoveries from animal research. Assessing different species and examining the dissimilarities and likenesses among them is one tactic to acquire bits of facts. Indeed, even basic animals can be made use of in pondering complicated natural structures, for example, the apprehensive or insusceptible frameworks, which pursue a similar important association and capacity in all animals (Armstrong 8). For instance, many studies have found out about the potential of neurons from examining the goliath squid axon.
Besides, animal experimentation is crucial to humans as it enables scientists to study models of disease and come up with medications to treat them. Medicinal research has spared and improved the lives of many individuals. The present drugs and careful procedures could not have been developed without better knowledge on illness and the manner in which the body functions- the consequence of essential examination programs in higher learning institutions, medical clinics and research organizations over the globe. These bits of knowledge are then used by pharmaceutical companies to create new prescriptions which medical doctors and vets use to treat their patients (Akhtar 410). Animal examination has contributed to a considerable lot of the therapeutic treatments that we currently take too lightly. In one way or another, we have all benefited from immunizations and anti-microbial used to counteract and prevents various sicknesses, and sedatives employed in all kinds of medicinal procedures. Physicians are now capable of effectively overcome genuine disorders, such as, diabetes, asthma, and high blood pressure. Latest animal research has played a major role in the management of the most complicated health issues including coronary illness, melancholy, and recently risen illnesses, for example, HIV/AIDS, as well as several malignant growths. Science has created a wide scope of trial methods which are applied instead of animal testing. Irrespective of this, many basic queries on restorative science can most likely still just be tended to by concentrates on non-human living things. These examinations offer help to millions who experience the ill effects of genuine conditions, for example, cystic fibrosis, Alzheimer’s illness, stroke, spinal rope harm and diseases like intestinal sickness which are overflowing in tropical areas.
However, one may question the ethics regarding animal testing. The opponents of animal research would say that subjecting animals to experiments meant to benefit humans is inhuman and injustice to them (Monamy 50). This is not true since the 3Rs which stand for replacing, reducing, and refining protects the animals’ welfare.
The above drawing is the 3Rs which protect the welfare of animals so that they are not mishandled during testing.
What is more, animals also benefit from animal experimentation. A large number of drugs used to manage human diseases are used to develop animal treatments.
Animal testing is important for the well-being of all humans and is not as cruel as many people think. Basically, the 3Rs ensure that animals are not mistreated or mishandled. Given that the practice of subjecting animals to various tests enables scientists to come up with treatments methods for multiple diseases, including the chronic ones, it is a course worth pursuing. Had it not been for animal research, perhaps some of us would have been dead by now since vaccinations against polio and meningitis would not have been discovered and tested. Everyone in the society including individuals, governments, and institutions should support animal testing as it is a reliable practice that will ensure our survival and that of the next generations in the future.
Overall, Animal research plays an important role in promoting health care. It enables researchers to understand the various disease entry processes and as a result, facilitates the development of potential treatment methods. Consequently, people can become cured and live longer, all because of non-human experiments which would be difficult to perform on humans. For those who believe that it is unfair to subject animals to research, they are wrong as there are existing laws which protect animals’ welfare.
This link is a video containing information on the importance of animal testing and hence, why it is good for us.
Akhtar, Aysha. “The flaws and human harms of animal experimentation.” Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics24.4 (2015): 407-419.
Armstrong, Susan J., and Richard G. Botzler, eds. The animal ethics reader. Taylor & Francis (2016): 1-12.
Doke, Sonali K., and Shashikant C. Dhawale. “Alternatives to animal testing: A review.” Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal 23.3 (2015): 223-229.
Gay, William I., ed. Methods of animal experimentation. Vol. 3. Elsevier (2013): 221-270.
Monamy, Vaughan. Animal experimentation: A guide to the issues. Cambridge University Press (2017): 35-56.