Anorexia nervosa is a psychological condition and an eating disorder which involves altering the feeding habits or self-starvation of an individual for fear of weight gain even when the body mass index (BMI) is low (Timothy J. Legg). This condition is common among women in the teenage and those in the early twenties. They change their eating behavior hence faulting the eating patterns leading to malnutrition and excessive loss of weight. Individuals might also be practicing extreme body exercises. On the other hand, Obesity refers to a medical condition due to the accumulation of excess body fats as a result of increased amount of calories than the body can consume. The state is mostly among the youths, and it can be genetic, or the individual takes in a lot of unhealthy food and sugary snacks (Shigetada, 1756). Obesity is also associated with lack of adequate and regular body exercises which can help to burn the calories. However, the two conditions anorexia nervosa and obesity have some similarities and also some differences with regards to the causes and symptoms as proved clinically.
Both conditions can be as a result of biological and genetic disorders. The conditions can run in a specific family making the members of the family susceptible to the eating disorders though it is also possible to avoid the diseases. The conditions can also result from an identity crisis. As they are more frequent among the teens, this is the age where a person is trying to figure out who they are and also comparing themselves with the age-mates who they see as better hence indulging in the eating disorders to fit in the social groups. The conditions can result from anxiety and depression problems whereby the individuals get into the eating disorders trying to cope with their day to day stressors. They can also result from physiological disorders in that the rates of metabolism differ. The person with low metabolism rate requires fewer calories leading to reduced appetite which may result to anorexia nervosa while the one with high rates of metabolism needs more calories causing increased appetite which consequently can result to obesity.
The definitions of the two differ since Obesity is as a result of overeating more than what the body requires for functioning whereas anorexia nervosa is a result of under eating hence giving the body less of what it needs for proper operation (Timothy J. Legg). Obesity is caused by inactivity or lack of physical exercise to burn calories whereas Anorexia nervosa is as a result of engaging in activity without eating adequate food amounts. Persons with the Obesity condition tend to be well off economically hence tend to be spendthrift to take fast food and other sugary products since they can comfortably afford and they are at a high-status quo, for the persons who have anorexia nervosa they tend to control their urges since they are desperate for a small body. Obesity is related to medical problems such as arthritis which can cause inactivity resulting to weight gain while in Anorexia nervosa it can be as a result of depression and anxiety. Anorexia nervosa may be as a result of the influence of social media whereas in Obesity it is not necessarily the case.
Anorexia nervosa which is mostly in young women who has an issue with the way they look can be dealt with via creating awareness to the young people to encourage them to appreciate their uniqueness and that of others without being influenced by the media (Timothy J. Legg). For the case on Obesity people should be taught on the importance of physical exercise and taking of healthy and balanced food (Shigetada, 1756). It is evident that these conditions can be avoided when there is prior engagement to create awareness to curb them.
Furukawa, Shigetada, et al. “Increased oxidative stress in obesity and its impact on metabolic syndrome.” The Journal of clinical investigation 114.12 (2017): 1752-1761.
Timothy J. Legg, CRNP. “Anorexia Nervosa: Symptoms, Causes, And Treatment”. Medical News Today, 2018, https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/267432.php. Accessed 27 Apr 2019.