AOTA’S EVIDENCE EXCHAGE
CRITICALLY APPRAISED PAPER (CAP) WORKSHEET
General Instructions: Please insert your responses in the boxes provided, which will expand if more room is needed. If information requested is not reported or not applicable to the article, please indicate in your response and provide a rationale as needed. Refer to the CAP Guidelines for submission criteria and detailed instructions on how to fill out each section of the worksheet.
CITATION AND DOI NUMBER

 

 
CLINICAL BOTTOM LINE
Briefly discuss how the evidence can be used to inform and guide occupational therapy practice (i.e., within the scope of traditional or emerging practice) AND how practitioners can use the evidence relative to the target population and practice setting. Implications need to be reported in consideration of the strength of the evidence (i.e., type of study design, level of evidence, identified study limitations, internal validity rating, to what population results may generalize).

 

 
RESEARCH OBJECTIVE(S)

 

 
DESIGN TYPE AND LEVEL OF EVIDENCE

 

 
PARTICIPANT SELECTION
How were participants recruited and selected to participate? 

 

Inclusion criteria:

 

Exclusion criteria:

 

 
PARTICIPANT CHARACTERISTICS

N=  

 

#/ % Male:     #/ % Female:  

 

Ethnicity:  

 

Disease/disability diagnosis:  

 
INTERVENTION AND CONTROL GROUPS (Add groups if necessary)
Group 1:

Brief description of the intervention  
How many participants in the group?  
Where did the intervention take place?  
Who delivered?  
How often?  
For how long?  

Group 2:

Brief description of the intervention  
How many participants in the group?  
Where did the intervention take place?  
Who delivered?  
How often?  
For how long?  

Group 3:

Brief description of the intervention  
How many participants in the group?  
Where did the intervention take place?  
Who delivered?  
How often?  
For how long?  

 
INTERVENTION BIASES (Check yes or no, and include a brief explanation)
Contamination:

YES ☐
NO   ☐
 
Explanation:
 
 

Co-intervention:

YES ☐
NO   ☐
 
Explanation:
 
 

Timing of intervention:

YES ☐
NO   ☐
 
Explanation:
 
 

Site of intervention:

YES ☐
NO   ☐
Explanation:
 
 

Use of different therapists to provide intervention:

YES ☐
NO   ☐
 
Explanation:
 
 

Baseline equality:

YES ☐
NO   ☐
 
Explanation:
 
 

 
MEASURES AND OUTCOMES (Report only on measures relevant to occupational therapy practice)
Measure 1:

Name/type of measure used:  
What outcome is measured?  
Is the measure reliable (as reported in the article)?    YES ☐          NO ☐                         Not Reported ☐
Is the measure valid (as reported in the article)? YES ☐          NO ☐                         Not Reported ☐
When is the measure used?  

 
 
Measure 2:

Name/type of measure used:  
What outcome is measured?  
Is the measure reliable as reported in the article?    YES ☐                     NO ☐                         Not Reported ☐
Is the measure valid as reported in the article? YES ☐                     NO ☐                         Not Reported ☐
When is the measure used?  

Measure 3:

Name/type of measure used:  
What outcome is measured?  
Is the measure reliable as reported in the article?    YES ☐                     NO ☐                         Not Reported ☐
Is the measure valid as reported in the article? YES ☐                     NO ☐                         Not Reported ☐
When is the measure used?  

 
MEASUREMENT BIASES (Check yes or no, and include a brief explanation)
Were the evaluators blind to treatment status?

YES ☐
NO   ☐
 
Explanation:
 
 

Was there recall or memory bias?

YES ☐
NO   ☐
 
Explanation:
 
 

Other measurement biases: (List and explain)

 

 
RESULTS
List key findings based on study objectives:

 

 
Was this study adequately powered (large enough to show a difference)? (Check yes or no, and include a brief explanation)

YES ☐
NO   ☐
 
Explanation:
 
 

 
Were the analysis methods appropriate? (Check yes or no, and include a brief explanation)

YES ☐
NO   ☐
 
Explanation:
 
 

Were statistics appropriately reported (in written or table format)? (Check yes or no, and include a brief explanation)

YES ☐
NO   ☐
 
Explanation:
 

Was participant dropout less than 20% in total sample and balanced between groups? (Check yes or no, and include a brief explanation)

YES    ☐
NO      ☐       
 
Explanation:
 

What are the overall study limitations?

 

 
CONCLUSIONS
State the authors’ conclusions related to the research objectives.

 

 
CAP AUTHOR INFORMATION
List full name(s) of all participants (i.e., students, faculty advisor) and credentials.

 

 
CAP Worksheet adapted from “Critical Review Form–Quantitative Studies.” Copyright ã 1998, by M. Law, D. Stewart, N. Pollack, L. Letts, J. Bosch, & M. Westmorland, McMaster University. Used with permission.
 
For personal or educational use only. All other uses require permission from AOTA