City and State
Are Criminals Born That Way
Some people tend to believe that criminals are born that way. In other words, people who become offenders have inborn criminal traits. However, people can become criminals as a result of sociological, geographical and biological factors.
Sociological impacts on a criminal
The process of socialization plays a significant role in the way human beings behave including offending. Generally, socializations makes people adopt various norms and values in their society when they are young (Carrabine, et al. 2014, 45). If negative behaviors such as stealing and violence are not discouraged at a young age, individuals may end up becoming criminals in the future (Levitt, 2013, 13). Socioeconomic status can also have an influence on criminal behaviors. For instance, multiple studies have found out that offenses, especially robbery is rampant in the economically deprived areas in the U.S.
Geographical impacts on a criminal
Geographical factors can also trigger some criminal behaviors. For instance, an individual’s location can influence them to commit a crime in one way or another. Research shows that people living in insecure regions may find themselves offending as a way of protecting their lives or their property (Ainsworth, 2013, 30).
Biological impacts on a criminal
An individual’s mental health status can cause them to cause or refrain from crime. There is evidence linking the most brutal offenses to individuals with mental disorders, for example in the terrorism cases (Fishbein, 2017, 21). Other main biological factors associated with criminal behaviors include genetics, hormones, and exposure to drugs during pregnancy.
Theories on criminals
The classical theory suggests that people willingly engage in crime when fully aware of the consequences. The biological model assumes that genetics play a major role in determining human behaviors, including offending. As for the interactionist theory, it implies that associating with other criminals is the key factors that make people become criminals (Akers, 2013, 11). On the other hand, the sociological theory alludes that offending is as a result of the social environment.
Ainsworth, P., 2013. Offender profiling and crime analysis (22-34). Willan.
Akers, R.L., 2013. Criminological theories: Introduction and evaluation (5-18). Routledge.
Carrabine, E., Cox, P., Fussey, P., Hobbs, D., South, N., Thiel, D. and Turton, J., 2014. Criminology: A sociological introduction (12-56). Routledge.
Fishbein, D.H., 2017. Biological perspectives in criminology. In Biosocial Theories of Crime (pp. 3-48). Routledge.
Levitt, M., 2013. Perceptions of nature, nurture and behaviour. Life sciences, society and policy, 9(1), p.13.