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Chinese Culture
China is a country in East Asia that has a great history relating to leadership systems, politics, and trade.  China is one of the most populous countries in the world with a population of 1,382,710,000 according to data collected in the year 2016 (Johnston 14). The country has received massive attention from other different corners of the world due to its development in technology, infrastructure, trade, tourism and military power. The paper focuses on offering answers to questions relating to China.
Question 1
The tradition and cultural practices of Chinese people vary from one region to another and from one ethic group to another. Chinese have ideas and practices, for example, language and region, which are strange to people from foreign countries.  However, there are practices and ideas, for example, education, which both important in China and other countries like the United States. This part of the paper focuses on education in China, which is important to Chinese culture, and relate it education in American culture.
Education refers to the process that facilitates attainment of knowledge, habits, values and skills. It increases the understanding of that help people make the appropriate judgments in various activities. Thus, education is an important practice both in China and the United States because it helps people acquire knowledge and skills required to undertake day to day activities.
In China, education attainment is used to define the success of the people in the society. The Chinese believe that success in school in school, place of work, and the life, in general, is a meritocratic commodity. The children are talking from an early age that the more the put in, the more they get out from it (Morton, Scott & Charlton, 48). This clearly indicates that Chinese believes that the more one put more effort in school the more one get good grades, which are important in advances one’s career, which in turn improves the life of a person. The culture of believing in education as the key ingredient of improving the lives of people has influence many Chinese parents to invest heavily in education so as to ensure that their children get the quality education, which will enable them to compete with others in the job market.
The practice of emphasizing more on education in Chinese community has created a situation whereby the Chinese are taught to dedicate their leisure time to education. The importance of education in Chinese culture influences the people to utilize their free time learning. The Chinese feel that time spent in learning is time well spent (Wenzhong & Cornelius 67). This has affected the rate at which children take part in physical activities, particularly during their free time. Things like music, swimming, and drawing are practiced during leisure time in most countries around the word. However, in China, these have been incorporated in the education system to allow children to specialize on the path they would like to follow later in their life.
In China, a scholar is regarded to be on top of society whereas all other careers are considered inferior. This explains the fact that the Chinese culture relating to education emphasizes on studying extensively for one to occupy the top spot in the society (Morton, Scott & Charlton, 51). People who have undertaken and published many papers are awarded more respect that other people who have realized success in other fields. Acknowledging scholar has influenced other members of the society to develop a desire to undertake more studies so as to contribute to the development of the knowledge in the country.
The practice of putting more emphasis on education in China can be related to the American culture of education. Most people in education equate education to success in life. Americans view education as a tool that will help people improve their standard of living. The Americans believe that a person needs to go to schools to acquire specific skills and knowledge that are helpful in penetrating into the job market or pursue specific careers.  This has influenced most parents in American to ensure that their children purse higher education after completing the basic education. The increased emphasis on education has led to increasing in the number of students enrolling in colleges and universities to pursue different courses. As a result, there are many people in America with the graduate degree, Masters, and PhDs (Collins & Richard 71). The culture of education has influenced most employers to pay more attention majorly on academic qualification when recruiting new employees in their companies. This means that the person who is more educated is likely to get hired in a company compared with a person with lesser education qualifications.
Another culture practice connected to education in China relates to individual’s responsibilities to the family. In Chines culture, family members have the responsibilities to ensure that the family deals with all struggles with the aim of attaining success. The connection between education attainment and success in individual’s success in life influences the family members to play an important role in ensuring that all individuals in the family acquire an education (Morton, Scott & Charlton, 59).  Thus, parents in Chinese culture believe that they have the responsibilities to assist their children to create a foundation, which can be helpful in attaining success in future. As a result, parents prepare their children early in life to acquire education. They make sure that they start school at the right age. They guide them, particularly in school work, to ensure that they understand all concepts taught by teachers. Parents also teach their children about respect and obedience, which is important in the learning process.
When the parent helps their children attain success through education, children are expected to reciprocate by contributing in improving the living standards of other members of the family. After school, most children look for jobs in various sectors of the economy where they earn monthly income. The money earned in the form of wages or salary is used to make a significant improvement to the quality of lives of every member of the family (Wenzhong & Cornelius 82). This means that the most educated member of the family is expected to take care of others, including helping them acquired education, food, clothes, and live in a decent house.
Although the culture of education in America is different from the one practiced in China, the practice of parents taking the responsibility to promote the success of children can be related to the American Practice of parent ensuring their children get a quality education. American parent is aware that education is important in liberating the mind of their children (Collins & Richard 68). They feel that educating their sons and daughter will help in ensuring that they do not engage in criminal activities like robbery, drug abuse, and cyber-crime.
Question 2
            Confucianism refers to the way of life, which was taught in China by Confucius in the 6th-5th century BCE (Johnston 37).  It also refers to the traditions and rituals associated with Confucius. Most people view Confucianism as philosophy or religion. However, it is best understood as an all-inclusive humanism, which relates to other forms of religion. For many years, Confucianism has extremely influenced political and spiritual life in China. This part of the paper focuses on highlighting three examples to discuss the influences of Confucianism on the social behaviors of contemporary Chinese people.
The first example that explains the influences of Confucianism on the social behaviors of modern Chinese people relate to promoting harmony among people to make a fortune. Confucianism emphasized the importance of promoting harmony with the aim of achieving peace among people in the community. The harmony that Confucianism emphasized related to observing local laws, visiting others and living together as one. It also taught that the importance of remaining silent because trouble can be caused by mouth.
Today, the Chinese has focused on promoting harmony in different areas, including place of work, schools, and businesses. Business people employ people from a different ethnic background in China to ensure that all ethnics are represented. This help in teaching members of the community that all people are equal, and they should be given equal opportunity, respect, and treatment. By employing the teachings of Confucianism, about harmony, employers consider the geographical location, gender, and ethnicity to ensure that the company has a pool of employees from diverse background (Johnston 45). This helps in ensuring that the company has employees who offer unique skills and experiences, which contribute to the development of the business.
The second example that explains the influences of Confucianism on the social behaviors of modern Chinese people relate to the central ethical principal, which focuses on the concept of mercy, love, and humanity. People in the modern China obey the rule and regulation set to ensure that they treat other people in humanity, love, and mercy (Johnston 48). The largest population in the country is law-abiding citizens who are committed to ensuring that they do not violate the rights of people in the community.
Modern Chinese people focuses on doing to others what they would like to be done to them. This ensures that they avoid doing the wrong things because they understand the impact of doing undesirable acts to other people. They focus on doing the right things all the time so as to ensure that members of the community are happy all the time. Modern Chinese people get involved in various activities that indicate love and mercy. For instance, during disasters like earthquake, fire, and flood, people contribute to raising fund and other resources to help the affected persons (Johnston 51). These are an act of love and mercy, which are aimed at showing other that they care about them. Additionally, the members of the community in China contribute regularly to raise fund, which is used to buy food items, clothes, and other commodities so as to help the less fortunate in the society. This is important acts of helping other people deal with day to day problems. It is also a sign of expressing their humanity and recognizing the fact that all people are important (Johnston 59). Modern Chinese people understand that they have the duty to improve the lives of other people through the act of love, humanity, and mercy, which is according to the teachings of Confucianism.
The third example that explains the influences of Confucianism on the social behaviors of modern Chinese people relate to the importance of the family. According to Confucianism, the family is the epicenter, and it is more important than the individual. Confucianism taught that Father is always the head of the family who should be respected by all members of the family. The sons, particularly the elder sons, have specific duties relating to taking care of the family. In the modern China, families are important because of they for the basic unit of people’s life (Johnston 60).
People in the modern society respect the decision made by the father because they understand their influence in the development of the family. The members of the family consult others before any decision is realized because they understand that the family is bigger than any individual. Every member of the family contributes toward the realization of set goals so as to ensure that the standard of life of every individual in the family is improved (Johnston 62). Children in modern China go to school, work hard so as to attain success in their lives. Once they get employed, they use part of their earnings to take care of the parents and siblings. The children ensure that all the needs of the family are met. By contributing to the growth of the family, both the parents and children promote the teaching of Confucianism relating to the importance of family.
Work Cited
Collins, Allan, and Richard Halverson. Rethinking education in the age of technology: The digital revolution and schooling in America. Teachers College Press, 2009.
Johnston, Reginald Fleming. Confucianism and modern China. Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Morton, William Scott, and Charlton M. Lewis. China: Its history and culture. Vol. 4. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2005.
Wenzhong, Hu, and Cornelius Grove. Encountering the Chinese: A modern country, an ancient culture. Nicholas Brealey Publishing, 2010.