Codes of ethics, when applied to doctors, public servants, and engineers just to name a few, are identified as the terms of reference. That is, they are the foundations upon which professions are built. Legal codes, commonly known as laws, are usually detailed prescriptions that deal with offenses or crimes and punishment. For example, a city could have a code that prohibits people from spitting on the walk lanes and punishment for violating such could be a month jail sentence. However, codes of conduct, do not avail specific prohibitions.
The trend where business in Maryland are paying governments as a reward for the contracts they are assigned is not ethically acceptable. One of the reasons why it is not is because according to the IEE code of ethics, ethical behaviors are the pillars of success (Fleddermann 65). Also, it asserts that bribery should be avoided at all cost, and therefore such rewards could be an incentive to the government so that they can offer contracts to the same engineering firm (Fleddermann 65). Also, according to the utilitarian theory, the locus of whether an action is right and wrong is based on the consequence (Fleddermann 65). In this case, it is more likely that the government will offer projects to the firm that rewards them greatest.
At times, engineers are faced with challenges especially when their counterparts are willing to resort to bribery as of handling competition (Baur 157). However, it does not mean that they should also resort to bribery but instead take legal actions to both the firm offering the contract and the one offering a bribe. It is clear that the IEE prohibits bribery at all cost.
Baura, Gail D. Engineering Ethics: An Industrial Perspective. Amsterdam: Elsevier Academic Press, 2006. Internet resource.
Fleddermann, Charles B. Engineering Ethics. Harlow, England: Pearson Education, 2014. Print.