Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation
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Conformity
Q.1
People conform due to various situation accrued to human nature and social order. To start with it is only natural for people to be influenced by others through the behaviors that seem to be generally acceptable and desirable to the society. For instance, most people are religious merely because others have made them believe that it is important for one to belong to a certain religious affiliation. As such, a person who initially thought that religion is not important may end up finding a religion to belong to. Another reason for conformity is cohesiveness (Lilly, Cullen, & Ball, 2010). When one is attracted or wants to belong to a particular group, they need to conform to its dictates, otherwise, they will not fit in. What is more the society often punish people who do not conform to the set norms through rejection or isolation. Therefore, for fear of such punishments and in order to protect our social image, we tend to adopt the society’s traditions.
On the other hand, people who fail to conform do so because they want to assert their uniqueness. Some people feel that by conforming, they are being forced to be like everyone else and they are being deprived of their feeling of uniqueness (Lilly, Cullen, & Ball, 2010). This makes them uncomfortable and they choose to be deviant to achieve uniqueness.
Basically, the society, which includes the people, decides what is morally right or wrong. As such, for something to be declared right or wrong, people need to have reached a consensus. Who decides what is right or wrong is a great deal to the criminologists and criminal justice policymakers. This is because the lawmakers have their own dictates of the good and the bad which to a larger extent has to rhyme with the society’s rights and wrongs.
Q.2
The four bonds that form the basis of Hirschi’s delinquency theory
Attachment
Hirschi’s delinquency theory suggests that attachment is the emotional bond that teenagers share with adults, especially their parents, which makes them submissive to their parents’ control. As such, due to this bond, the teenagers find it difficult to go against their parents’ views, including their disapproval of immoralities (Hirschi, 2011). Therefore, the youth do everything they can to not disappoint their parents.
Commitment
The students are dedicated to their school work for career success and achievement. Therefore, they have to conform since committing delinquency can easily destroy their future. Commitment is the bond that makes them stay away from crime.
Involvement
Delinquency can be avoided by participating in various activities, including studying, sports, sports, and working, just to mention a few (Hirschi, 2011). This enables one to have no time to think about engaging in criminal activities. In other words, being involved in conventional activities drives away the chances to offend.
Belief
The bond of belief restrains one from committing a crime. When one is deeply convinced that a particular action is wrong, they are less likely to take part, unless they are forced by unavoidable circumstances. Yet, they would still fight to do what they believe is right. Nevertheless, there are people who are determined to die for what they believe in and if something is morally wrong, they cannot do it no matter what.
How one can create stronger social bonds in a person who is, right now, an offender.
One can create stronger social bonds with a person who is already an offender by rehabilitating him or her. Rehabilitating a criminal will not necessarily punish them but instead, will impart to them a feeling that they are cared for and in this way, they will want to reform and amend their mistakes.
References
Hirschi, T. (2011). The Complexity of Control: Hirschi’s Two Theories and Beyond. Lilly J R, Cullen FT and Ball RA (5 th Edition), Criminsological Theory Context and Consequences, 109-138.
Lilly, J. R., Cullen, F. T., & Ball, R. A. (2010). Criminological theory: Context and consequences. Sage.