Counter terrorism refers to all adopted measures, practices, strategies, techniques employed by the government, military forces, police, and business organizations in order to curb all evils related by terrorist activities. The history and practice of terrorism can be traced back to the 1st Century AD whereby some groups of people were assassinated by the Roman rule in the province of Judea. This term ‘terrorism’ was first used in English during the French Revolution’s Reign of Terror, when the Jacobins employed violence to rule through mass execution of people by using guillotine in order to compel obedience towards the state and to intimidate regime enemies.
Some characteristics of terrorism includes the following:
The use of fear, violence, threats, and related criminal activities to achieve goals or objectives that are set by their organization.
Terrorism is also an intense form of political exploitation accompanied with the goal of influencing public policies and their effectiveness.
Terrorist apply various criminal activities such as bombing, kidnapping, and beheading in order to accomplish their targeted objectives.
The main goals of terrorist activities involve inflicting widespread fear and panic, to attract media attention to their cause, embarrass or weaken state security forces thus making them to overreact, satisfy revenge, and to free their prisoners.
The Russian effort that aided in addressing Chechen separatists were as follows: a promise of forgiveness for separatists who laid down their arms voluntarily, and who were not guilty of capital crimes, delegation of powers within the ruling class, and protection of the Russian language. The implementation of a unilateral ten-day ceasefire for the purpose of creating room for a political solution, which unluckily was not shared between the separatists and their Russian backers.
Certain strategies can be implemented in order to effectively combat Chechen Separatists. These strategies operates under four mutually reinforcing elements such as; prevention, detection, denial, and response.
Prevention- terrorist activities can be combated through motivating separatists who engage in them or have that urge to get involved in such activities. factors that motivates them to engage in terrorist activities are emphasized on deeply.
Detection- this element will mainly focus on identifying terrorist , terrorist organizations and their supporters, and nature of their plans. Detection is done through carrying out thorough investigation, operation and analysis that are prone to criminal activities.
Denial- strict law enforcement will deny terrorist all their means and opportunities to carry out terrorist activities. This involves mitigating and intervening in terrorist planning.
Response- this strategy will enable the Separatists to respond accordingly, rapidly, and in an organized manner towards terrorist activities in order to mitigate their effects. This element explain the need to ensure a spontaneous return to ordinary/normal life and reducing the impact of severity of terrorist activities.
Banks, W., De Nevers, R., & Wallerstein, M. (2008). Combating terrorism. Washington, D.C.: CQ Press.
Ersen, M., & Kibaroğlu, M. (2011). Analysis and strategies to counter the terrorism threat. Amsterdam: IOS Press.
Makarychev, A., & Orttung, R. (2006). National counter-terrorism strategies. Amsterdam: IOS Press.

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