Student’s NameCritique orwin’s Theory
Critique of Darwin’s Theory
Does inquisition come as a genetic trait or evolutionary step to where man is heading? Probably, this must have been Charles Darwin’s first thoughts when he came up with his famous theory of natural selection. Nonetheless, Charles Darwin’s Theory of Evolution as written by Richerson and Boyd (2010) on the article The Darwinian theory of human cultural evolution and gene–culture coevolution is inappropriate due to misinterpretations of various scientific and practical facts.
Generally, Darwin’s Theory of Evolution speculates that all living creatures, both plants and animals, are related and descended from a common ancestry. To expound, Darwin posits a mammal and a plant came from the same ancestor. Presumably, all life began from non-life and all complex creatures evolved from simplistic ancestry. However, this took billions of years
To begin with, there are no fossil records that prove Darwin’s theory. Natural selection is a slow process that would have taken millions of years for simple molecules to become the modern advanced creatures we see today. However, there are no evidenced fossil remains of the partially-evolved species that can be used as an indication of natural gradual evolution. In addition, there is no way that the partially evolved creatures could have survived the evolutionary stages without fully functional essential body parts such as the alimentary canal and the respiratory system. Consequently, they would all have been extinct even before the evolutionary stage reached halfway (Hull 1973).
Similarly, modern day advances in biology and genetics prove that there can only be horizontal and not vertical evolution. To clarify, evolutionary changes can only happen to same species such as among varieties of dogs and not different ones such as from amphibian to man. Hence, evolution and biological changes in nature are limited by genetics (Symons 1989).
Advances in science have also disputed Darwin’s theory and even come up with a different theory known as Punctuated Equilibrium. In light of this, there is still no evidence for evolution or how man and all living creatures came into being. Additionally, part of the human race believes in God having created the whole universe. All of the above is based on different individual faiths. To summarize, it is important that all schools of thought be taught to scholars in order to give them a clear guideline of various assumptions and the hypothesis of how organisms came into been. In light of this, Richerson and Boyd’s article serves as an important text in advancing critical thinking among students and not for scientific research.
Hull, D.L. (1973). Darwin and his critics: The reception of Darwin’s theory of evolution by the scientific community. The British Journal for the History of Science, 7(3), 278-285.
Richerson, P., & Boyd, R. (2010). The Darwinian Theory of human cultural evolution and gene-culture coevolution. In Bell, M.A., Futuyma, D.J., Eanea, W.F., & Levinton, J.S. (Eds.), Evolution since Darwin: The first 150 years (pp. 1-20). Sinauer Associates, Inc., Publishers, Sunderland.
Symons, D (1989). A critique of Darwinian anthropology. Ethology and sociobiology, 10(1-3), 131-144.