Institutional Affiliation
Cultural Developments from The Past
Over the years, there have been significant cultural developments. Culture also refers to a way of life that is practiced by society or different groups of people (Skeggs, 2013). It is characterized by multiple elements such as beliefs, norms, values, art, language, and politics just to mention a few. Even though culture is passed from one generation to another, it is often influenced by various factors. For instance, today’s culture has been greatly civilization and many people are currently practicing what can be referred to as ‘modern lifestyles’ or the ‘popular culture.’ This paper identifies and describes twenty significant cultural developments from the past and how they impact my everyday life in a personal way.
Cultural developments

  1. Women roles- The role of women in society is one of the most noteworthy cultural changes that has occurred. Formerly, women were required to handle domestic work such as house chores and taking care of the children. As of today, May women are working outside their homes including taking leadership and other positions which were restricted to them in the past.
  2. Marriage- the perception of marriage and the institution itself is another significant lifestyle development. Unlike during the earlier years, the modern society does not highly regard marriage and this can be evidenced by the many people who are choosing to stay single in addition to the high rates of divorce that are being experienced. Others are choosing to get children and co-parent without necessarily living together.
  3. Dressing codes-In the past, clothes were designed in a manner that they would cover most of the body parts. Currently, the society has embraced clothing styles that sexualize individuals’ bodies. For instance, wearing tight t-shirts and pants for men is considered as the ‘in thing’ and anyone who does not put on such clothes is branded as old-fashioned.
  4. Socialization- This aspect of culture which means the way people interact with each other has greatly developed from the past. For instance, people used to intermingle with each other during festivals, dinners, and at school, among other traditional environments. As for now, using social media is the most popular way to socialize with others especially in the younger generation.
  5. Education-the need to be education has become an important element of today’s culture. Both men and women are seeking education as it is necessary not only for career and personal development but also to fit into the civilized society. In addition, the means of acquiring education have evolved over the years with many people not studying online.
  6. Trade-this has changed in the sense that people no longer exchange goods for goods or services but instead, use currencies to purchase goods and services. Cryptocurrency is one of the most modern aspects of trading even though it is yet to be adopted all over the world.
  7. Food-Food has always been an important element in many cultures. Currently, new types of food are being grown such as the GMOs. There are also modern ways of preserving and packaging food such as refrigeration and canned foods respectively. The means of obtaining the food has also drastically progressed from manual farming, hunting, and gathering. Today, growing, cultivating, and harvesting food is done using machines.
  8. Technology- Technology has become an important element of today’s culture unlike before. The invention of computers, for instance, has seen many people acquire computer knowledge which is necessary especially because almost all the services are computerized.
  9. Housing-the past and today’s housing is significantly different. In the past, people belonging to the same community build their houses near each other or in the same compound using materials such as wood and utilizing simple design. Today, many people buy land and build houses far from their families. Real estates which have been constructed through new designs have become increasingly popular in modern culture. More so, a house without interior décor is not considered appealing in today’s life.
  10. Healthcare- compared to the traditional culture, new treatment methods are being used to manage various illnesses. Also, the medical profession is no longer one and today, there are different physicians who specialize in specific areas of healthcare. Besides, it has become a common way of life for people to get health insurance and people can seek medical help online.
  11. Entertainment-as as long as history is concerned, entertainment is a crucial element of culture. It has evolved in the sense that there are currently new ways in which people enjoy themselves. For instance, with the help of technology, people can air real live performances that are happening in far places, they play games while indoors, watch 3-d movies, among other forms of entertainment.
  12. Spirituality-a culture may seem incomplete without spirituality or the religion element. This has transformed with time and today, people are no longer as strict as they used when it came to their faith. In Christianity for instance, the mode of dressing is no longer a concern and they believe that what matters is the heart. In addition, many people seem to have abandoned their spirituality and the notion that ‘God does not exist’ has been adopted by millions of people.
  13. Governance and leadership-with many people being informed and civilized than before, today’s politics have largely transformed. For instance, having multiple parties and democracy are widespread activities. The public also plays a significant role in leadership as it scrutinizes ineffective and bad leaders who are removed from their positions, an activity that was impossible in the past administrations.
  14. Language- Today, almost everyone can speak in English, making it an essential way of life to fit into society. However, many people have made efforts to learn other foreign languages such as Spanish, French, and Chinese, just to mention a few. This is considered an important way of facilitating multiculturalism. There is also the emergence of slang language that is common among young people.
  15. Laws- new rules and regulations that govern how people behave have been established and they largely differ with the old ones. For example, there are laws that protect the rights of gay people and this has made these groups of people to be more accepted in society than people.
  16. Privacy-privacy is not a new concept as it was there before but it was emphasized differently as it is now. Today, the need for privacy has increased. People no longer live communally where your business was everyone’s concern.
  17. Holidays- this cultural element has encountered multiple changes. For instance, more events to commemorate have been created, such as international women’s day and others, new ways to celebrate these events have been adopted. For example, people used to go to their rural homes during holidays but many people now prefer taking a tour to new places or recreational centers of their choice.
  18. Music- with the invention of new musical instruments, the sound of music has been enhanced, the beats, the rhythm, the lyrics, as well as other elements of music.
  19. Art-the most common artistic way of expression in the traditional society was through music, drawings, dances, and literature. Today, the way in which people express themselves has changed and modern art is largely characterized with anamorphosis, shadow art, body parts painting, photorealism, body fluid art, and dirty, car art, just to mention a few.
  20. Freedom-unlike the earlier years, people are free to express their views or ideas, practice any religion they wish, go wherever they want, among other aspects of liberty.

Their application to modern life
These cultural developments are widely employed in modern life given that they are as a result of various advancements. These cultural elements to a large extent help in defining what the modern world looks like. For instance, it is highly educated and new educational techniques have been adopted. As a result of a highly educated society, cultural elements that was barely visible in the traditional setting, new ways of doing things have been invented mainly due to technological advancements. For example, today’s community use machines to acquire food items, has new types of foods, new healthcare systems, among others. As such, it can also be said that these cultural advancements are largely intertwined with technology. Another applicability of these modern ways of life is that they make work easier which in turn, makes the world a better place to live in. For example, modern laws and ways of governance and leadership are more accepting and less discriminatory. They make individuals who had been marginalized such as the gays and women to live normal lives and explore their potentials. Moreover, these cultural advancements promote multiculturalism which is good for coexistence as well as for economic progression.
Common themes
The theme that mainly stands out in many of these cultural developments is civilization. In a civilized society is an educated people. All the described cultural elements are in one way or another entrenched in education. For instance, when it comes to the alteration in women roles, it can be concluded that as a result of being well informed, women have realized that they can do more than just stay at home. Being more educated has also facilitated the invention of technology which is also a common factor in these cultural developments. For instance, the new ways of obtaining food, new housing methods, healthcare, music, entertainment, socialization, and arts, have been directly enhanced by technology.
The cultural advancements I identified play a significant role in my life and largely define who I am. I consider myself a civilized person. I am educated, I embrace science and technology and generally, I would say that I am all about the ‘modern culture.’ Therefore, I identify with most of these cultural advancements since I practice them or live with many people who practice them and they define my way of life as well.
How these developments impact my everyday life in a personal way
The cultural developments which I names are crucial in my personal everyday life either directly or indirectly. For instance, as for spirituality, many people around me including friends, relatives, and schoolmates have subscribed to the belief of absence of a supernatural being. This affects me as I find myself criticizing nature and sometimes I get tempted to join them. Other elements like technology, music, and art are part of my everyday life. I like listening to music and looking at modern pieces of art when I am free, not mentioning using Facebook and Twitter to chat with my friends and get updated on the newest events around the world. I am also influenced by the modern ways of dressing and I never want to be left outside whenever a new design comes up. As for gender roles, I would say that this change has greatly impacted my life. For instance, my mother is employed and she has contributed a lot in providing for my basic needs. What is more, these cultural changes are not only a reflection in my life but they have also shaped my personal perceptions and understanding about life. For instance, I know that I do not have to live up to society’s expectations since I have a wide range of entitlements.
How an understanding of the humanities impact my life
Humanities are of great significance in my life. One of the major ways I find history, religion, art, and literature among others applicable to me is in my understanding of others in society. As humans, we cannot coexist without understanding each other. Disputes or even isolation is more likely to arise when one group of people is misunderstood by others. Humanities have equipped me with the knowledge of cultures practiced by people from other communities whom we live together, their languages, and histories. As a result, I cannot judge or think they are wrong when I see them behaving differently from me. In addition, humanities teach sympathy and promote social justice and equality (Small, 2013). As for me, these subjects have taught me to respect other people and that we are all one humanity and our differences should not subject anyone to any form of discrimination.
How I integrate the philosophical, religious, and aesthetic values of the humanities into daily living
The philosophical aspects of studying humanities are important in my life as they help me to think critically and logically as well as question things that happen around me. I do not get comfortable with the way things or someone behaves towards me or others but always believe that there could be an explanation behind every characteristic.  On the other hand, I would say that the aesthetic tenets of humanities have enabled me to admire and appreciate other ways of life or cultures including art and music, just to mention a few. With the understanding that we cannot be all equal, I have erased negativity and embraced beauty about all aspect of humanity. As for religion, humanities have taught me that it has always been a core part of life. As a result, I see spirituality as important in my day-to-day- life and that of others. Even though I question religion, I think it is important for me as it gives me a lot of home and explains other things that science cannot explain.
Skeggs, B. (2013). Class, self, culture. routledge.
Small, H. (2013). The value of the humanities. Oxford University Press.