Deontology is basically concerned with the process of the action while following the moral code of life.in a nutshell, it focuses on the rightness or wrongs of the actions, rather than rightness or wrong of the consequences (Bentham, 1789). As per the case of abortion, the decision to remove the fetus may be justified by reasons such as financial capability of the mother of which she might not have enough resources for the developing fetus or the probability of giving birth to a child with a disability. The latter case may be justified because the mother may not be willing to subject the child to the suffering of which case she might suffer too. By expelling the fetus, there is happiness on both sides and therefore no wrong associated with the action. In this, the type of deontology ethic to be discussed will be contemporary deontology. So, why shouldn’t women be granted the right to allow abortion yet it is their decision to make considering it is their body, it is part of childbearing, freedom, and equality, and simply because it affects the women disproportionately?
Frances Kamm argues that everybody is allowed to do some sort of harm if the harm itself will generally result in greater good (Kant, 1785). Another scholar basically to argue that the general good overshadows a small harm is Jeremy Bentham. He argues that there are specific conditions that may warrant an abortion (Bentham, 1789). That stated, a woman may be allowed to undertake the expulsion of the fetus because it will result in greater good. Regarding childbearing, the ability of any woman to care and give the child a good life depends on the financial muscle she has.Furthermore, children likely to be born with a disability might experience difficulties in life.
Because the decision to expel the fetus basically relies on the mother, she might be regarded as doing a simple harm because it will result in greater good. In the principle of permissible harm, it is explained the way people act in order to do a greater good, such as in abortion. Furthermore, abortion is an act that considers the happiness of both the mother and child.
The theory of contemporary deontology has been described not to describe the general welfare of the community. This has been described as the paradox of deontology and it does not maximize the welfare overall.in this, a deliberate action for the general good is prohibited which means that a woman does not necessarily have to abort the baby because of the general good.
On a conclusive remark. The theory of contemporary deontology generally focuses on the good that is going to arise from any action regardless of the consequences that may arise afterward. The general good is the main focus of this subhead of deontology.Nonetheless, there is some flaw in the aspect of women being granted the right to allow abortion even if it is their decision to make, it is part of childbearing, freedom, and equality, or even simply because it affects them disproportionately
Bentham. (1789).An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and of Legislation, (1948 Ed.). Oxford.
Kant, I. (1785). Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals, New York:: Harper and Row,