Differences between ADN and BSN Nurses
The nursing profession has kept on changing and evolving over the years. The advancements in the different modes of study have further accelerated the changes and the developments. As a result, new degrees are being introduced in the nursing field and professionals in this area are making attempts to ensure that patients receive the best possible care and attention in hospitals. However, there are instances where competition arises between the various levels of education. In fact, uncertainties regarding the effectiveness of any of the levels result in a battle between professionals in each field. A similar problem is going on between Baccalaureate degree level nurses and Associatedegree level nurses, where uncertainties have arisen over the differences between the two on their levels of education. To clear up the problem, it is important to define the identifiable differences between the two levels: ADN and BSN nurses.
Differences between ADN and BSN
To begin with, there is a major difference between the two in terms of the length of time one needs to complete each program. ADN nurses take two years to complete their degree program while BSN takes four years (Weber & Kelley, 2010). Therefore, the credits needed to complete the degree in ADN are few when compared to those needed in BSN programs. According to the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (2011), BSN program includes all the course work that is taught in the ADN and diploma programs, and also a more in-depth training in social sciences, management, leadership, public and community health, and research. Therefore, the course broadens the scope of learners beyond the hospital environment by offering the nurses an opportunity for professional development. It follows from the observation above that the other major difference is in the level of skills of these different groups of nurses. BSN nurses have more skills and knowledge compared to AND nurses because they are also taught about how economic, cultural, and social issues affect patients interact and influence the health care delivery systems (Riley, Smyer, & York, 2012). Therefore, their ability to handle situations and solve problems is higher compared to ADN nurses. Consequently, BSN nurses have better results in patient outcomes compared to their ADN counterparts. According to Conner and Thielemann (2013), patient outcome services and quality increased with the hiring of BSN nurses. In their study, which was conducted in 2013, Conner and Thielemann observed that hospitals that hired more BSN nurses had a 10% higher outcome in the delivery of services to patients compared to those that hired ADN nurses. Lastly, BSNs’ get a greater variety of responsibilities and duties compared to ADN nurses. BSN nurses can assume administration and leadership positions in specialties like nursing research, nursing education, and case nurse management. On the contrary, ADN nurses have limited chances of obtaining such responsibilities due to their limited scope.
Generally, it is understood that there is considerable fear among young children for injections. Sometimes, they refuse to take the injections or react in a way that may trigger a negative reaction from the nurse. A BSN nurse, due to the considerable knowledge in patient psychology, is able to administer injections calmly to children without interference. She is well trained on how to respond to such a situation. On the contrary, the ADN nurse who has only clinical skills may mishandle the child, wrongfully administering an injection. Further, they may react emotionally, more so in anger, as a result of such a child defiance. Thus, patient care outcome for both nurses is different.
To sum up, identifiable differences between ADN and BSN nurses can only be observed from an academic point of view. BSN nurses have a wider scope of knowledge compared to ADN nurses, making them more competent, and allowing them more career opportunities. Finally, the differences in academic qualifications and skill make hospitals that are managed by BSN nurses to have better services than those with AND nurses.
American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2011). Creating a more highly qualified nursing workforce, 2012.
Conner, N. E., &Thielemann, P. A. (2013). RN-BSN completion programs: Equipping nurses for the future. Nursing outlook, 61(6), 458-465.
Riley, D., Smyer, T., & York, N. (2012). Cultural Competence of Practicing Nurses Entering an RN‐BSN Program. Nursing education perspectives, 33(6), 381-385.
Weber, J., & Kelley, J. (2010). Health assessment in nursing. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.