Erikson and Freud are great psychologist where Erikson had much concern about culture and society and tried to explain that any form of conflict does take place in the ego. On the other hand, Freud was more interested on the conflict between the ego and the superego. When we look at Erikson view, we get to find that the ego only develops under certain circumstances of which have to do with crises that are social in nature by Bee, (1992).
The ego is in charge of establishing a sense of identity in the society, concern about the continuity of the next generation as well as having the sense of trust in others. When comparing the two, Erikson went a step further in looking at the adaptive as well as the creative characteristics of the ego. This concept was much elaborated using the stages of personality.
In order to get the full idea that rotated in between the two theories of development, we have to look at the similarities and differences of the two. One of the way in which Erikson differed is the take of personality view which he illustrated it to develop in predetermined stages. In this theory, we see the effects of social experiences in the entire life of a human being:
Birth to one year
According to Freud, he referred this stage as oral stage where the child wholly depended on sucking alone. Any pleasure that the child had to experience comes through the mouth. On the other hand, Erikson viewed it as trust versus mistrust stage as this is when children learn either to trust or mistrust their children. It is from then that children acquire the sense whether the surrounding offers some care to them. If the child has been mishandled then at no any one point will they have to trust the world around them.
One to three years
Comparing the two psychologists, Freud referred this age as anal stage where every child gains sense of misery and competency. This is achieved through controlling their urinary bladder and also the bowels. Those children who manage this at the end attain capability as well as being productive there after. In life we meet with people who are messy and this is associated with having had problems at this stage.
Psychosocial development
At this stage according to Erikson view, attainment of self-sufficiency is achieved through undertaking of activities such as eating and talking among others. Hence as a result he called this stage as autonomy versus shame and doubt stage. If the child succeed in this stage, then in future they develop a sign of independency (Erikson et al; 1989).
Three to six years
Gross & Humphreys, (1992), at this juncture children starts to identify themselves with the opposite sex hence it is referred to as phallic stage. The concept of Oedipus and Electra comes in here as the libido concentrates more on the genitals. On the other hand, Erikson called it initiative versus guilt theory as children have to take control of their surroundings.
Seven to eleven years
According to Freud, children now starts developing social skills referring it as latent period. On the other hand Erikson saw it as industry versus inferiority stage where now children have the ability to master new skills.
Adolescence
Commonly known as psychosexual development or the genital stage. As now they are interested in romantic relationship. According to Erikson, (1963), if a kid successfully passes this stage, they become caring, well-adjusted and also warm to others. According to Erikson view, it was just identity versus role confusion stage as one identifies and have sense of one self. If well guided they have a strong identity of who they are and if not they end up being confused.
Lastly, the adulthood stage where Freud view is to create a balance in all life stages. Where Erikson has three view has intimacy versus isolation, generative versus stagnation and thirdly integrity versus despair by McCrae & Costa Jr, (1997). Indeed, Freud and Erikson has widely to the growth and development of psychology as through them we are able to understand the relationship between ego and the superego.
References
Bee, H. L. (1992). The developing child. London: HarperCollins.
Erikson, E. H. (Ed.). (1963). Youth: Change and challenge. Basic books.
Erikson, E. H., Paul, I. H., Heider, F., & Gardner, R. W. (1959). Psychological issues (Vol.1). International Universities Press.
Gross, R. D., & Humphreys, P. (1992). Psychology: The science of mind and behaviour. London: Hodder & Stoughton.
McCrae, R. R., & Costa Jr, P. T. (1997). Personality trait structure as a human universal. American Psychologist, 52(5), 509.

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