Belief is an indoor feeling that one thing is true, even if that belief is also unverified or irrational. For example, I think that walking below a ladder brings dangerous luck, or I think that there is life once death. Whereas perspective is that the method someone expresses or applies their beliefs and values, and is expressed through words and behavior. For instance, I actually get amused once I hear matters regarding cruelty to each animals and kids, or I don’t like faculty (Myra and Stephen 2009). The general public like or aim at creating their beliefs, attitudes still as their behaviors become consistent. However, there are numerous theories that support this essay that the paper is seeking to spot and provides some plausible explanation.
There are various theories on consistency each focusing on some specific
aspects and thereby, to a larger extent; varying from one another. But for this work I am going to look at only three theories on consistency; which includes the balance theory, congruency theory, and the cognitive dissonance theory. All these theories are examples of cognitive consistency theory which have their background from the Gestalt psychology.
Balance theory.
This was one amongst the earliest consistency theories related to Heider as its proponent back in 1946 and 1958. This approach is concerned with an individual’s perceptions of the relationships between himself (p) and (typically) two alternative parts in a very triadic structure. In Heider’s formulation, the opposite parts are usually another person (o) and another object. The attitudes within the structure are selected as either positive or negative. The goal of assessing the structure of a triad is to determine whether the relationships between the actors and also the alternative components are balanced, or consistent. In line with Heider (1958), a balanced triad happens once the entire relationships are all positive, or two are not positive but only one is positive, and therefore the parts within the triad match along with no stress. Imbalance happens once these outcomes are not achieved. Heider assumed that individuals like balanced states to unbalanced ones, because imbalance leads to tension and feelings of unpleasantness. Balance, according to Heider, is profitable. The aspect result of this theory is that it does not contemplate the strength of attitudes between persons and objects within the triad
Congruency theory.
The importance of this theory is that it exactly asserts the relation strength existing between p and o, the strength of the motivation to alter an incongruent triad, and last the degree of perspective amendment that is necessary to balance a triad. Another advantage of this theory is that, it takes into concerns the strength of the attitudes of p and o in determining the extent of incompatibility within the model. Osgood and Tannenbaum describe the Heider triad in styles of p, another individual, termed the supply(s) and s’s perspective toward the opposite object (x). In line with this theory, attitudes are often quantified on a seven-unit determinant scale, from the negative (-3) to neutral (0) then towards the positive (+3).
Cognitive dissonance theory.
This theory contains a heap of influence on the researchers and alternative ulterior theories. Festinger’s theory states that two components (behaviors or thoughts, or both) ”…are in a dissonant relation if, considering these two alone, the obverse of one component would follow from the other” (1957, p. 13). Dissonance, then, refers to a negative arousal caused about by an individual’s inconsistent thoughts or actions, or both. Basically, this re-channels into the subsequent assumptions. If an individual has the parallel behaviors or thoughts or both, this can lead to a poor state of strain, this state corresponding to a drive state like hunger or thirst. This tension motivates the person to look for relief by eradicating the stress. The strain may be dissipated by changing: either a concept or perspective to create it consonant with the opposing thought or behavior, or altering one’s behavior, to form it consonant with the opposing behavior or thought. As a result of its usually abundant easier to vary one’s thoughts instead of one’s behaviors, these are generally the weather that get changed by the person in dissonance reduction.
My beliefs influences my behaviors in several ways in which, what I belief concerning people, the globe and alternative objects or ideas can automatically have an impact to my behaviors. Therefore, if I try and change my belief then a modification in my behavior is going to be seen. Ozodi Osuji suggests that we have a tendency to acquire most of our beliefs throughout our childhood. For instance if I belief that I’m handsome, and at identical time belief that others see me as handsome and would like to go along with those that see me as handsome.
Attitudes can influence an individual’s behaviors either positively or negatively. A person may not be aware of his or her attitude or the impact it is has behavior. A person who has positive attitudes towards work and the workmates like contentment, and friendliness can positively influence those people around him. These positive attitudes are often displayed in a person’s behavior; individuals with good attitude are always active also productive and act upon improving the mood of those people surrounding them. An individual, who indicates negative attitudes like discontentment, and boredom, will behave accordingly. People with these types of attitudes towards work may affect those surrounding them and thus behave in a way that lowers effectiveness and efficiency. The attitudes affect behavior through the application of beliefs while these beliefs influence behaviors through our imaginations, thoughts, and our emotions.
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