The issue of drug abuse remains among the main issues in the criminal justice. The society seems to suffer significantly from the increasing abuse of different drugs. Unlike in the past decades where access to drugs was difficult, today people can access drugs even from the most convenient places. In addition, the society seems to have reached the pinnacle of rot because the drug traffickers do not mind selling drugs even to children (Rahtz, 2012). In addition, the society seems not to care about the consequences of increased abuse of drugs in the society. Even though the society has been hit by this problem, the criminal justice is among the sector most affected by the increasing abuse of drugs and other substances in the society. The issue has led to increase in crime levels, increase in suicide levels, and a people that are hard to control.
Drug substance abuse and addiction are among the most neglected issues in America. According to US news (2017), about 40 million of Americans aged between 12 and above are drug addicts from nicotine, alcohol and other drugs. This shows that more Americans suffer from drug addiction compared to the people suffering from heart disease, cancer, or diabetes. In addition, more than 80 million Americans are risky drug addicts (Robers et al, 2015). Even though this population is not yet addicts, they are constant consumers of different hard drugs. In addition, they consume drugs in ways that threaten the security and the safety of the public. Furthermore, the increasing use of drug abuse is among the leading causes of death in the USA. For example, in the 2010 more than 38,000 people died because of drug overdose (Robers et al, 2015). This number of deaths exceeds the deaths attributed to homicides, suicides, as well as vehicle accidents. Deaths resulting from opioids are fastest growing drug issue in the USA, both in rural and in urban settings.
The issue of substance abuse has become among the biggest threats to security. The issue is affecting the criminal justice in a number of ways. In the current days, drug abuse is termed as the leading cause of crimes among offenders in the society. In 2004, for example, 17 percent of state prisoners revealed that they committed their offenses in order to obtain money for drugs (Rosen & Bagley, 2015). In addition, 18 percent of the federal prisoners revealed that they committed their current offenses in order to get money for purchasing drugs (Anon, 2017). Some of these offenses lead to deaths and therefore the prisoners are on life imprisonment. In addition, the number of drug barons in the USA cells has continued to balloon.
Because of the various negative effects of drug abuse especially to the national and internal security, there is need to come up with an appropriate solution to this menace. Considering effects of drug abuse to the society, establishment of rehabilitation centers and civil education remain the most viable solutions to the problem. The rehabilitation centers will be established in every town and will accommodate all the drug addicts in those localities. Entrance in the rehabilitation centers will not be through volunteering but through force. The plan will ensure the treatment of all the drug addicts in the locality within the next five years. On the other hand, the civic education will target the social gathering points like churches, schools, markets, and national holiday gatherings. The plan is to educate the public on the consequences of drug abuse. In addition, the five-year plan will educate the public on how to access medical health services for drug addiction. What is more, the public will be educated on criminalization of drug abuse and the right of the criminal justice to prosecute drug abusers and drug traffickers.
Anon, (2017). [online] Available at: https://www.bjs.gov/content/dcf/duc.cfm [Accessed 10 Jan. 2017].
Rahtz, H. (2012). Drugs, Crime and Violence : From Trafficking to Treatment. Lanham, Md: Hamilton Books
Robers, S., Zhang, A., Morgan, R. E., US Department of Justice, O. P., National Center for Education Statistics, (., & American Institutes for, R. (2015). Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2014. NCES 2015-072/NCJ 248036. National Center For Education Statistics
Rosen, J. D., & Bagley, B. M. (2015). Drug Trafficking, Organized Crime, and Violence in the Americas Today. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.
US news (2017). [online] Available at: http://www.usnews.com/opinion/blogs/policy-dose/2015/06/01/america-is-neglecting-its-addiction-problem [Accessed 10 Jan. 2017].