Callie and Dr. Kumar’s viewpoints
Based on the law requirement that women should have an ultrasound before an abortion procedure, both Callie and Dr. Kumar might have contradicting viewpoints on whether it is ethical or unethical. An ultrasound is a medical procedure that involves scanning a woman’s pelvic cavity using high-capacity sound waves to produce a sonogram of the fetus. There are multiple reasons why the sonogram is important including determining whether a pregnancy is viable, diagnose fetal malformation, and confirm ectopic pregnancy, among others (Kao et al., 2014). As such, From Dr. Kumar perspective performing an ultrasound before terminating a pregnancy is ethical.
The law is ethical according to Dr. Kumar mainly because carrying out an ultrasound aligns with the principle of beneficence. This principle is based on acting in a manner that is meant to do good for the patient (Percival, 2014). The sonogram produced will enable Dr. Kumar to know whether the pregnancy is ectopic which cannot be detected without an ultrasound. A woman may carry out an abortion unawares that it is in the fallopian tube instead of the uterus. Consequently, the baby continues to grow, posing more danger to the mother since the pregnancy was complete. Therefore, performing the ultrasound is an act of good as women get to know whether they have an ectopic pregnancy and advised on what to do if they want to procure an abortion.
On the other hand, Callie would view the law as a violation of the women’s autonomy rights and hence unethical. Autonomy enables patients to make their own decision without being coerced or coaxed (Percival, 2014). The fact that the ultrasound procedure is mandatory before aborting in Callie’s state, this means that women do not have the choice of opting out but comply. There are some women who would not be okay with the ultrasound but the law forces them to and this is wrong.
Top ethical issues facing healthcare administrators in health information and privacy
One of the main ethical challenges that healthcare administrators face when dealing with health information concerns the privacy and security of medical data. This may include a client’s symptoms, diagnoses, treatment, and results which may be recorded as clinical information, patient’s history, and lab results, just to mention a few. Administrators in healthcare are supposed to ensure that health information remains private and confidential. They are held responsible should any medical data be accessed by unauthorized parties. Nevertheless, this presents an ethical challenge with the increased knowledge in IT. Computers have the capacity of enabling individuals to create fake personalities (Cruse, n.d.). This can enable those individuals’ health resources anonymously and do harm to the owners of that information. As a result, healthcare administrators are held accountable.
Health care administrators also have to deal with physical theft of mobile devices which presents an ethical concern in the supervision of health data. Moral administration of wellbeing data includes such procedures as programming information so unauthorized persons cannot unravel it (Ozair et al., 2015). Furthermore, when computer units or other cell gadgets are stolen from therapeutic representatives, actualizing remote data wipes can wipe out stolen data.
Additionally, healthcare administrators also encounter the issue of data inaccuracies. While wellbeing data can have significant information to enhance patient consideration, off base data can conceivably hurt patients. The incorrect painting of the patient’s present ailment and treatment arises due to inappropriate utilization of options, for example, “cut and copy” (Ozair et al., 2015). This training is unacceptable in light of the fact that it expands the danger for patients and risk for physicians and associations. An additional element that can raise a problem in the information trustworthiness is the drop-down menu of applicable data in the junk.
Three possible solutions to handle these issues
To ensure the privacy and security of health information, healthcare administrators should seek to acquire skills in modern information technology. This will enable them to manage health information by designing and implementing safer health information systems where data cannot be easily breached. Additionally, they need to ensure that they employ adequate security personnel and technology to curb the theft of mobile devices. For data inaccuracies, healthcare administrators can prevent this by emphasizing that individuals who enter medical records to always ensure they counter-check.
Cruse, S. (n.d.). Ethics in the management of health information systems.
Kao, L. Y., Scheinfeld, M. H., Chernyak, V., Rozenblit, A. M., Oh, S., & Dym, R. J. (2014). Beyond ultrasound: CT and MRI of ectopic pregnancy. American Journal of Roentgenology, 202(4), 904-911.
Ozair, F. F., Jamshed, N., Sharma, A., & Aggarwal, P. (2015). Ethical issues in electronic health records: A general overview. Perspectives in clinical research, 6(2), 73.
Percival, T. (2014). Medical ethics. Cambridge University Press.