Ethnomethodology is the study of those methods that most people use for understanding and producing the social order in which they live. This study provides an account of various methods that people use in negotiating about their daily activities since it treats everyday circumstances as empirical topics for inquiry and tries to examine ways in which people order and make sense of their activities. A strong emphasis has been laid down on “accounting practices” within the field of ethnomethodology. The term accounting practices refers to how people make sense of the everyday aspects concerning their world and how they can be able to mould their social environment in a way they will be accountable to themselves.
Ethnomethodological theory.
This theory was coined by various sociologists to explain how people reacted accordingly to those situations that they found themselves in. For example, Bogdan and Taylor (1975) thus state that ethnomethodology is the process by which people make sense out of the situations that they find themselves in. Ethnomethodologists examine ways that people can use to apply rules and commonsense in understandings various situations to make their actions to be a daily routine. Ethnomethodology uses some experiments to establish its premises. This theory argues that human society is dependent on several methods of achieving and displaying their understanding. Social facts are the fundamental sociological phenomena. These are the products of social member’s methodological activities which is basically their daily understanding of the world. These social facts are reflexively accountable in ways by which members explain specific situations. Ethnomethodologists are always interested in the ways by which those accounts are made meaningful to people, and also tend to emphasize the latter. Its main interest is to explore how such an account is explored.
The main premises of this theory are considered in three basic assumptions which includes: interaction is structurally organized, contributions of these assumptions are both context shaped and context renewing, and lastly, two properties inhere in details of interaction so that no order of detail in conversation interaction can be dismissed.
Following terrorist attack on the World Trade Center Towers in the streets of New York, different accounts were given by different people concerning the same event. These accounts were reported as follows: On September 11, 2001, 19 militants who were associated with the Islamic rebel group known as al-Qaeda hijacked four airliners and carried out severe suicide attacks against their major targets in the United States. Two planes were flown into the World Trade Center towers of the in New York City, another third plane hit the Pentagon that was just outside Washington, D.C., while the fourth plane got crashed in a field in Pennsylvania. This attacks led to a massive death of people and destruction of buildings and properties, triggering major U.S. initiatives to combat terrorism and defining the security status of the U.S.A. Over 3,000 people were killed during this attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., apart from that, more than 400 police officers and firefighters were also killed. Another article reports that, On September 11, 2001, at exactly 8:45 a.m., on a clear Tuesday morning, one of the American Airlines plane which was loaded with 20,000 gallons of jet fuel got crashed in the northern tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. The crushing impact left a gaping, burning hole near the 80th floor of the 110-story skyscraper, killing thousands of people and trapping more many of them in upper floors. As the evacuation of this tower and its twin got ongoing, CCTV cameras broadcasted live images of what initially appeared to be a freak accident. Just 18 minutes later after the first plane hit, a second Boeing United Airlines Flight 175–appeared from the sky, then turned in the direction of the World Trade Center and sliced directly into the south tower near the 60th floor. This crash caused a huge explosion that dispersed burning debris over surrounding buildings and the streets below. Then America was under attack. The attackers were believed to be Islamic terrorists from Saudi Arabia and other neighboring Arab nations. The attack was suspected to be carried out by Osama bin Laden’s al-Qaeda terrorist organization, and the main reason behind this attack was revenge on America’s support of Israel, its involvement in the Persian Gulf War, and its persistent military presence in the Middle East. Most of the terrorists had lived in the United States for more a long time and had they had been taught flying lessons in American flight schools. Other terrorists got themselves into the country earlier before 11th September same year and they were used to act as the “sway” in those operation.
Therefore from these two articles, the accounting practices are similar in such a way that they try to explain how terrorist attack was carried in the streets of New York and those who were involved in carrying out such attacks.
(Joerges, 1996)
Linstead, S. (2006). Ethnomethodology and sociology: an introduction. The Sociological Review,54(3), 399-404.
Mehan, H., & Livingston, E. (1990). Making Sense of Ethnomethodology. Contemporary Sociology,19(3), 484.

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