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Evaluating a Research Paper
Evaluating a research paper is a comprehensive process that takes into consideration the writing style and the expression of ideas. In a class with students from different backgrounds and abilities, one would expect a wide range of responses and quality of writing. Regardless of the variation, a professor needs to establish a standard marking and evaluation criterion, which they can use for grading purposes. Interestingly, there is no universal standard of marking given that different assignments need to have separate marking and grading rubrics. In evaluating a research paper, there are two main categories of criteria that a professor should consider, high order and low order areas. The main areas that a professor should examine include: focus, development, and organization. The minor areas that a professor reviews are style and mechanics.
At the initial stage of evaluating a research paper, the professor should scrutinize on focus. In others, he/she should consider whether a student has included a clear thesis statement. The lack of a thesis statement or an unclear one can deny a student some marks. Having looked at the thesis statement, the professor should concentrate on how a student develops his/her argument based on the provided thesis statement. At best, a student should provide support for their argument through a wide range of resources. Connected with this development is the issue of comprehensiveness. As students develop their argument, they should demonstrate the comprehensive application of forecasts, opinions, examples, paraphrases, and quotes. Citing a wide range of literature materials makes the argument strong and precise. First, the student ought to provide background information or introductory aspect of the research paper including histories and contexts. Furthermore, a professor has to evaluate how a student has integrated the different sources such that there is the authoritative voice of a writer as opposed to the materials cited. The quality of a research paper is dependent on how well it is adapted for a specific audience. As such, a professor should determine whether a research paper is written for the required audience mainly on the basis of explanations provided and the appropriateness of the used vocabulary. More importantly, he/she should look at the fullness of an argument and whether a fair rebuttal has been included. As a rule, the writer should treat the views of others respectfully.
Apart from the high order areas, there are also other areas such as style and mechanics that a professor has to evaluate.  Style is viewed in terms of diction as well as the sentence patterns. At this point, grading is based on the appropriateness of diction. Lastly, there is the issue of mechanics where a professor has to look at the grammar, spelling, and punctuation to assess whether the research paper meets the required level of writing. While grammar or basic English language skills are important, content knowledge is of critical importance. A professor may take note of the use of perfect punctuation, syntax, and grammar but punish a writer for lack of comprehensiveness or failure to address the required instructions. After all, grammar is just a basic requirements of a research paper while the actual evaluation lies on the content delivery. A professor should analyze the focus (thesis), thesis development, argument, adaptation to the audience, organization, style, and mechanics.
(Conclusion: Kindly add a conclusion paragraph to this paper)
 
Dear Writer
Thank you for completing the paper. I see that you a carried a detailed research on this paper and tried to write it in a coherent manner. Nonetheless, there are errors that you need to correct. Read the comments that I have indicated and follow the attached links for more study on the issues that I have raised. Pay attention to the following areas.
Organization of Ideas
Ensure that you use appropriate transition words to avoid awkwardness
Grammar
Kindly study on the proper use of capital and small letters.
Study on how to use proper tenses.
Please use commas appropriately (Follow the links that I have attached to get more insight on these issues)
Style
Repetition and awkward wording (to avoid this errors, paraphrase your work, proof read the entire paper carefully, and use synonyms instead of similar words)
 
Formatting
Write the thesis statement in a coherent and succinct manner. You may be more specific to make it stronger.
An APA paper has a title page, abstract, introduction, body, conclusion, and references. Ensure that your papers always have these sections.   
I believe that you will study all the rules and issues that I have highlighted.
Best Regards
Your Mentor