Evidence-Based Practice
Currently, the entire medical professional requires all health care practitioners to adopt an evidence-based practice in treatment. Its implementation involves four steps which include; coming up with a question that seeks to address the medical problem, conducting research on a patient’s ailment, appraising of the validity of the research carried out, and finally applying the research findings in the treatment process. Evidence-based practice is associated with advantages such as cost-effective care and improved outcomes of the patients.
Nurses as collaborative agents can influence the implementation of the program by taking the role of change champions. They can play this role by sharing information about the program and also encouraging other health professionals to adopt evidence-based treatment in their practice (Holland & Rees, 2010). To be successful in this, the nurses should ensure that they believe in the concept behind the program so that others can have the confidence to adopt the change (Holland & Rees, 2010). Most nurses prefer sharing information in social interactions. In this case, nurses as collaborative agents for evidence-based practice can assume the role of champions for change to aid in its implementation (Holland & Rees, 2010).
An example of evidence – based practice that would require the collaborative intervention is one on infection control. The nurse can prevent the disease before it happens by following the policies of evidence-based practice in its detection and establishment of prevention controls (Sollecito & Johnson, 2013). Other healthcare disciplines that would lead to quality health care services include the implementation of electronic health records and patient simulation (Sollecito & Johnson, 2013).
Despite the importance related to evidence-based-practice, nurses have continued to experience challenges in the delivery of their services (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2015). Some of these difficulties include poor skills, inability to access relevant resources, adverse and retrogressive beliefs and attitudes, as well as misconceptions towards evidence-based practice, lack of mentorship and support, and lack of basic knowledge in research (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2015).
Holland, K., & Rees, C. (2010). Nursing: Evidence-based practice skills. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Melnyk, B. M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2015). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: A guide to best practice. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health
Sollecito, W. A., & Johnson, J. K. (2013). Mclaughlin and Kaluzny’s continuous quality improvement in health care. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.