Interview questionnaire and analyze essay
The family I interviewed comprised of five members. It was typically a nuclear family and one member of the extended family. It included the father who was aged 40 years, the mother, aged 35 years, and their two children a boy and a girl aged eight and four years respectively. The other family member was the father’s mother who was 86 years old. The interview revealed that she moved into her son’s residence after the death of her husband five years ago since she had no one to take care of her.
Generally, the family belonged to the middle social class based on their earnings. The father was working as the senior accountant in a nearby insurance company and even though he refused to reveal his salary, I assumed that he might be receiving a pay slip of approximately $3, 000. On the other hand, the mother was a Registered Nurse working in a large hospital in the neighborhood. Apart from this, I found out that the family was running a restaurant which was doing well and they owned the home in which they lived. Their neighborhood was sparsely populated and most of their neighbors were whites who were also middle class. Their area of residence had adequate facilities including hospitals, schools, recreational centers, and financial institutions, just to mention a few. The children were typically bi-racial given that their mother was black and the father white. Their grandmother was also white. All members of the family were Protestants but the elderly woman belonged to the Catholic Church.
Summary of the family’s overall health behaviors
In general, the family practiced a health living which was determined by their dietary behaviors. For instance, they did not eat a high fat diet and even the oil they used in cooking their meals was natural. They also ate greens every day and balanced it together with adequate proteins and carbohydrates. As for proteins, the family preferred those derived from plants although they ate chicken, beef, pork, and fish from time to time. The interview revealed that they alternated sweet potatoes, arrowroots, cassava, and white bread during breakfast. Another important practice among the family members was that they ate at least two fruits every day. Despite this the family admitted that they ate junk food every weekend. Another health behavior in the family was engaging in routine physical exercise. Workouts play a significant role in human health (Codella, Terruzzi & Luzi, 2017). For instance, it helps in burning excess calories, preventing an individual from becoming overweight. The family had a personal fitness trainer who ensured that each member of the family was fit. As for the current health of the family, no one had serious sickness apart from the 86-yrars-old woman who had dementia and kidney disease.
Two functional health pattern strengths
Based on the findings of the interview, nutrition and exercise largely boosted the family’s health. The types of food that people eat can either improve or destroy their health. For instance, eliminating simple sugars from the diet reduces the risks of one developing conditions such as diabetes, CVDs, and obesity, among others (Geissler & Powers, 2017). For this family, they observed a balanced diet, ate natural fats, and mainly consumed plant foods. By eating more of plant foods such as the greens, the family members were enhancing their health for instance, by boosting their immunity.
The other strength of functional health pattern was exercising. This was especially relatable to the mother and father in the family. As for the father, he spent most of his time sitting in the office since he was an accountant. Therefore, engaging in physical aerobics every evening after work was important for his well-being. As for his mother, she could not engage in strenuous exercise since she was too old and with underlying medical problems. However, the family’s fitness instructor made sure that she did flexing exercise each evening. The children also engaged in various games which made them physically fit.
Three areas in which barriers to health were identified
Sleep and rest was one of the main areas that presented a health challenge to the family. Generally, the family members with the exception of the elderly woman did not have adequate sleep. For instance, the father would leave for work as early as 6.00 am in the morning and would come back mostly at 8.00pm in the evening, exercise for one hour, and would sleep at mid-night. Lack of enough sleep was jeopardizing their mental health.
Another area that presented a health barrier was the role-relationship pattern. The parents were generally busy and spent little time with their family members, apart from the weekends. The parents-children bond was weak and this put the family’s emotional health at risk because there was a little family social support.
The dietary habits of the family was also problematic to their health. Even though they ate a balanced and nutritious diets most of the time, they ate a lot of junk foods during the weekend. Pizzas, burgers, chips, and other foods containing a lot of fats should be highly avoided.
Application of the family systems theory
The family systems theory, developed by Murray Bowen asserts that the family is the best way to understand individuals but not as separate beings (Becvar & Becvar, 2017). It can be applied to the interviewed family by emphasizing the need to improve the relationships among the family members. This will help each member to better understand the feelings and the points of views of others. As a result, potential areas where problems could arise which could impact the health of any members of the family can be identified and solutions formulated.
Becvar, R. J., & Becvar, D. S. (2017). Systems theory and family therapy: A primer. Rowman & Littlefield.
Codella, R., Terruzzi, I., & Luzi, L. (2017). Sugars, exercise and health. Journal of affective disorders, 224, 74-86.
Geissler, C., & Powers, H. (2017). Human nutrition. Oxford University Press.
Interview questionnaire on family-focused functional assessment
- How can you describe four family’s current health?
- What values or principles does your family operate on and how are they important to you?
- Do you belong to any cultural, religious, ethnic, regional, or other groups in the society? Can you explain more about them in details?
- What is your view about nutrition in relation to health?
- Would you explain your family’s dietary patterns?
- Do you consider yourself well nourished? How so?
- What is your family’s sleep-wake cycle?
- Do you believe rest is important in your health? How so?
- How can you describe rest?
- Do you think that the excretory functions of your family members are normal? Why?
- Can you describe the significance of excretion in your body?
- Have you or any of your family members had a digestive, urinary, or skin problem? What was the cause?
- How fit are four family members?
- What is your overall view on exercise?
- What is your family’s weekly activity pattern?
- How educated is your family?
- How can you describe four family’s cognitive abilities?
- Is there any member of your family who is incapable of expressing him or herself clearly? Why?
- What can you say about your family member’s sensory functionality?
- Can you explain the mental status of your family members?
- What do you think of sensory deficits?
- Explain how each member in your family think or feel about themselves
- How are your family members comfortable or uncomfortable with their appearances?
- What is self-esteem?
- What can you say about your family’s relationships amongst yourselves?
- What are the various roles in your life?
- How are relationships important to your health?
- What do you know about sexuality?
- What is your family members’ sexuality?
- What is the status of your family members’ sexuality satisfaction?
- How does your family cope with challenges?
- Do the coping strategies work? How?
- What more do you know about coping?