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Fish Farming Controversy
Aquaculture is one of the greatest breakthroughs in the conservation of the environment. Besides protecting oceans and seas from overfishing, aquaculture provides the world with a reliable and predictable supply of marine creatures (Christenson, 2015). Nevertheless, the use of huge volumes of feeds derived from wild fish, the destruction of mangroves, and the use of antibiotics undermines the progress that aquaculture has made over the years. In light of this, fish farmers should develop farming methods that do not destroy the environment.
Controversy on Fish Farming
Specifically, the use of huge amounts of antibiotics is a major controversial issue that has recently gained the attention of media houses. Since aquaculture uses intensive farming techniques, fish farmed using this method are usually susceptible to various diseases. In order to avert these illnesses, farmers normally provide the fish with huge doses of antibiotics (Fletcher & Rise, 2012). Notably, excessive utilization of antibiotics makes the fish’s pathogens to develop drug resistance. Worse still, individuals unknowing ingest these medications when they consume fish that have had an antibiotic overdose. Similarly, the effluents from aquaculture farms pollute rivers and seas in their area.
Resolution for the Controversy
In order to remedy this situation, there should be a private-public partnership. Basically, the government should enforce quality control policies, which require the fish not to have traces of antibiotics. In effect, farmers will ensure that they use only appropriate amounts of antibiotics. From the private sector point of view, farmers should use modern aquaculture methods that ensure the fish are not susceptible to diseases. Notably, they may use tactics such as vaccination or rearing only the maximum amounts of fish that their ponds can handle (Lucas & Southgate, 2012).
From the discussion above, it is clear that aquaculture provides a reliable source of food for the world. Moreover, it also protects water bodies from over-fishing. Nevertheless, irresponsible aquaculture practices have the ability to wipe out the positive environmental gains that this system has brought. In fact, if unregulated, it may lead to cases of food poisoning. In light of this, all stakeholders must be responsible and ensure that only appropriate farming methods are used.
Christenson, K. (2015). Aquaculture: Introduction to aquaculture for small farmers. New York,NY: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.
Fletcher, G., & Rise, M. (2012). Aquaculture biotechnology (1st Ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.
Lucas, J., & Southgate, P. (2012). Aquaculture: Farming aquatic animals and plants 2nd Ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.