Sex trafficking has been defined as a modern form of slavery and it is so because the sex act is induced for profit without consent and through force. In the context of sex, this may refer to some sort of services such as prostitution, pornography or any other type of a sex performance in an exchange for a value or item. Domestic sex trafficking is this forceful act but within the borders of a country and may be for money, shelter, food or any other valuables. This makes women a target group of sex trafficking with most of them being teenagers due to their vulnerability. To solve the problem of forced submission of females into sex trafficking we need to find the root cause and solutions that can be established to tame this heinous and illegal act. The major solutions are to observe early childhood management, poverty reduction, educational awareness and through the constitution.
Some of the techniques used to recruit women into these heinous activities include social media and through lover boys. Lover boys are especially used to convince high and middle school girls into dropping out of school with the idea of a fun filled life. Lover boys are later on used to force girls into submission into sex.Sex traffickers select women with sex a primary factor because teens and girls of the adolescent bracket are more susceptible to the allure of a good life and the trickery that pimps and traffickers use. Getting into sex trafficking can be a calculated move from the traffickers and pimps since girls subjected to these acts usually have a very hard time getting out. This is due to the fact that they are subjected to the torture of various kind. Physical, emotional and even psychological abuse can force a woman into a lifetime of sex trafficking. To further keep the victims of sex trafficking into their fold these pimps and traffickers use other forms such as using force, making threats, inducing the victims with drugs and even using some manipulative games such as the idea of easy cash and a way to pay humongous debts. Furthermore, these people can withhold documents belonging to the victims and hence encouraging them into prostitution.
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF SEX TRAFFICKING
Numbers do not lie and there are some disturbing figures that tend to purport that this act is on a continuous trend. The united nations estimate that about 70% of sex trafficking victims are women and girls and convictions on the men and women is 60% and 50%respectively (Whigham, 2017).Further evidence can be obtained from the global report on trafficking in persons. According to this report, the percentage of women is 59%, men 14%, girls 17% and boys 10% in 2009 with these figures expected to rise every year (Bąkowsk, 2014).Furthermore, it is estimated that at least 100000 and as many as 300000 children in America end up in sex trafficking each year. In this thesis, we are mostly going to cover what problems hide behind the veil of sex trafficking. On the same extent, we will cover the solutions that can be used mainly to reduce to some extent this barbaric act.
PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH FORCED FEMALE SUBMISSION
The first problem associated with sex trafficking is that though it’s an illegal activity, it is very difficult to distinguish and can hide in plain sight. In an international front, the statistics behind sex trafficking is generally overlooked. This is because there is no paperwork involved such as in government jobs and there are no fees required by the pimps.This may encourage a lot of women into venturing into this activity. Although sex trafficking can also be a major source of income to some women and girls, the fact that they are constantly abused may force them into opting out. As stated, the pimps use various techniques and even threats into forcing these women to continue. As such, it is difficult for any woman or girl within this line to report a case to the police. Furthermore, when faced with the community, the victims withhold back the information from fear of discrimination and instead can defend the pimp (native hope, 2017). To drive the nail home, no numbers record specific rates of local sex trafficking and hence preventing court cases with associated crimes. Crimes such as sexual assault, abuse, and prostitution. Furthermore, the crime is driven by drug abuse but is poorly documented.
The second problem associated with sex trafficking is the destruction of the victim’s life. The culprits behind the act end up in jail but afterward, they are released. On the other hand, the women and children tend to have a negative view of life with some tending to contemplate suicide. Furthermore, sex victims and children can further be regarded as criminals rather than victims. According to Carr(2009), in 2006, 1600 children were prosecuted for prostitution and commercialized vice. In the long run, it means that it is the victims who bear the brunt of sex trafficking and the end game is the destruction of an otherwise promising life.
Thirdly, sex trafficking has long been linked to drug use. This is a crime that contributes to the development of the world of drug smuggling. Within the realm of these two criminal industries, there is a huge destruction of lives with no returns to the economy. This draws the conclusion that in taming sex trafficking there is a very high chance of taming drug smuggling.
SOLUTIONS TO FORCED FEMALE SUBMISSION
To solve the problem of sex trafficking we need to understand that the solution will begin at our homes. To begin with, the increased absenteeism of parents from children’s lives has proven to be a big problem. It has been shown that ninety percent of females who are exploited commercially were sexually abused in the early age (Winckelmann, 2012).It is hazardous to leave children unprotected and without leadership.
Often, children are left with little supervision since their parents have to work. Furthermore, children can be sexually abused by babysitters and other family members. Children need parents that are committed to each other and their children (Dow, 2005). Parents should foster healthy relationships with their children. Furthermore, these relationships will enable children to seek their parents help in case of emergencies. Also, responsible parenting includes knowing your child’s friends and who they talk to. Traffickers often build friendly relationships with their ‘prey’. They start with enticing and slowly gain their victims trust. Technology is also a big problem with female sex trafficking. It is hereby advised that parents control and monitor their kids’ internet access. Moreover, they should check the phone books of their children and ask them about names and numbers they don’t recognize (A PARENT’S GUIDE TO HUMAN TRAFFICKING, 2009).
Poverty is another problem that needs to be addressed in order to reduce sex trafficking cases. It is also something traffickers exploit in order to convince their victims. They promise lifestyles of wealth to their victims and also good education. This can be averted if the support to the food and peace reform act was given. The act would fund USAID to support non-emergency projects. These projects would help alleviate poverty in countries that will definitely reduce easy submission of female to sex trafficking (Southern Poverty Law center, 2016)
It is also important to create adequate policies and laws that increase security to reduce human trafficking. In this, we need to make policies that respond to weaknesses that are exploited by human traffickers. Such weaknesses include gender inequalities and underemployment. Furthermore, policies that allow the government to work with the private sector to advocate for victims and effectively respond to trafficking incidences are needed to be put in place. We also need policies that take stun action to businesses that lead to the rise of sex trafficking cases. These businesses include sex tourism, illicit economies such as prostitution and strip clubs (Blackwell, 2015).All networks should unite to put up global and regional strategies that combat, degrades and disrupts trafficking of female sex submission traffickers.
It is also important to extend the policies put in place to combat sex trafficking to every gender. It is shown that the protection and protocols established for the victims of trafficking are rarely extended to girls. However, girls are taken to juvenile and rehabilitation centers. This is taken as the only time a victim is incarcerated for injustices perpetrated against them. Moreover, these girls are never seen as victims and are viewed as criminals (Saar, 2012).Policies and policy makers need to put into consideration these girls and give them the necessary help they require.
It is necessary to advocate for the inclusion of modern day slavery in the school curricula. This will definitely create awareness to children since human traffickers mostly target school aged children. It is important to raise awareness of tactics and methods used by traffickers. This curriculum will train children on what to do when they fall victims of sex trafficking. Also, to create awareness it is important to have community programs and activities that educate people on sex trafficking. We can also spread the word if we created programs in our televisions that educate on female sex trafficking. Local religious leaders should be also involved to help in the awareness creation (Office of monitoring and combating Trafficking of persons, n.d.).
In order to reduce female submission to sex trafficking, we need to punish severely national and international profiteers of the industry. We also have to punish its customers and offer a way out for its victims. We also need to create a self-respecting world for females who are highly vulnerable.
Sex trafficking is an illegal activity and has been outlawed since 2000 but this has not hindered its development both in the national and international forefronts. Female sex submission is mainly achieved through force, deceit, and use of drugs. To solve the problem of forced submission of females into sex trafficking we need to find the root cause and solutions that can be established to tame this heinous and illegal act. The major solutions are to observe early childhood management, poverty reduction, educational empowerment and through the constitution.
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Bąkowsk, P. (2014). The problem of human trafficking in the europeN UNION. EUROPEAN PARLIAMENTARY RESEARCH SERVICE.
Blackwell, A. (2015, January 22). 3 key steps to stop human trafficking. Retrieved from world Economic Forum: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2015/01/3-steps-stop-human-trafficking/
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