‘Your health is your wealth’. This is one of the most common sayings in regarding health. Though everybody has the responsibility of maintaining his/her health, some unavoidable circumstances seeking the counsel of health care experts may arise. This may include out of hand illnesses or even surgeries. Thus it is very important that health care experts manage to go through different educational systems regarding health issues yet work as well-oiled machines in the health care sector.
To begin with there are various health professionals in the industry. These include pharmacists, nurses, referring physicians, midwife professionals, medical doctors, dentists and others such as traditional and medicine professionals, paramedical practitioners, dieticians and nutritionists and physiotherapists. Some minor groups include the therapy related occupations (Hannover Medical school, n.d.). All these groups are mandated with the responsibility of maintaining the human health by using the knowledge garnered in medicinal services and diagnostics. Their various curriculums mainly involve one or a combination of the following: Diagnostics and treatment of various illnesses, Treatment of injury and prescriptive measures, treatment of mental illnesses and necessary surgery procedures all in accordance with the needs of the community.
Though the ultimate goal is to uplift the health standards of the society and to conduct research on the various methods of treatment, they attend different schools with different learning expectations. As a fact, doctors, therapists and all the other healthcare professionals cannot be in the same class. This however does not prevent the overlap of their curriculum. The aim of this essay is to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the overlap on their curriculum.
The main advantage in the overlap of the curriculum is that it maintains a level of flexibility on the different proffessionalities .By being entrapped in any one profession, it is viewed that there is a likelihood of the student attaining the objective of the course. While this is true, there is a likelihood that the industry might not favor the chosen profession. Thus by ensuring that there is an overlap in the curriculum say, a practitioner learning doctor duties, this might ensure survival. This is so because there is also the potential of the transfer to the acquainted one. The main concern is to be provided with a good base to step into a relevant related profession (royal society of Medicine press, 2008). Any one may enter into one profession but later on might come out on a different one. The main advantage is that it is efficient in the educational terms and in the service.
The main disadvantage in this type of educational approach is that there is the increase in the length required to graduate from one professional. Furthermore, an advance in any related professional might require an increase in the duration to attain the full objective of the study. This is not only time consuming but various related costs can result in bulging of the costs.
Though the overlap in the curriculum is at an advantage in ensuring flexibility and continuation of health professionalism, the related costs may induce to some extent the strain on this type of approach.
- Reasons for the maldistribution of health workers.
The maldistribution of health workers is a universal problem that has been affecting health care dispensation mostly in rural areas. Health care workers in the urban areas are more than those living in the rural areas and rural areas always suffer for poor healthcare access (Canadian Institute of Health Information, 2016).In this we looks into reasons that lead to the poor deployment of health care givers in rural areas.
This problem of mal distribution of health workers in rural areas has been attributed to the differences in the socioeconomic factors. People living in rural areas tend to be poorer as compared to their counterparts in urban areas. Furthermore, residents of rural areas have difficulties accessing health facilities due to transportation difficulties. Communication has also been a hindrance to the providence of quality health care in rural areas. Most of the people who live in these areas tend to speak their native languages and hence hindering the passing of information effectively. Rural areas also have many uninsured people since most of them are unemployed. This is mostly because they tend to specialize mostly in farming, fishing and mining. Furthermore, these people tend to have lower education levels thus their knowledge to insurance is limited. They are also likely to be hooked to tobacco and alcohol hence making them to have greater risks to their personal health ( Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2005).
Geographical differences also will lead to the maldistribution of health workers. Mountainous areas tend to have poor transportation and communication facilities. This makes them less likely preferred by health workers. The climatic and weather difference of rural areas also affects peoples’ will to be deployed in these areas. Rural areas tends to be prone to environmental hazards like floods and extremely cold conditions. Furthermore, the access to basic necessities like water in remote locations is not guaranteed. In this areas the health workforce is mostly less since a lot of healthcare providers do not prefer such areas (Reyes & L. , 2001).Few of these workers tend to climatically struggle since they probably aren’t used to such environments.
Rapid urbanization has also played a big role to the unequal distribution of health care givers. This is because urban areas have been increasing in size and in population. These demographical differences have warranted the need for more health workers in the cities than in the remote areas. The health care workers being deployed in urban areas are mostly to reduce the ratio of healthcare givers to patients in those areas. Due to urbanization there has been the cropping up of slums; areas where living standards and conditions are below poverty levels. Primary health care givers are mostly deployed to these areas in order to help in giving quality health care to residences of the slums.
Medical education has also brought about maldistribution of health workers. Few rural areas residents apply for medical education. Moreover, those who apply most of them are reluctant to go back and work there in the rural areas (Khazan, 2014).
Another reason for poor distribution of health workers distribution to rural areas is personnel’s reluctance. Working in rural areas means that they would give up several of their leisure activities and pleasures. These pleasures may mean giving up on their off days. Others are reluctant to work in rural areas because of hefty students loans. These are loans they accrue as they are in school. They prefer working in urban areas for better payments in order to pay their students loans (Khazan, 2014).
- WELL BEING AND EFFECTS ON TRAINING AND EDUCATION
Though it is the responsibility of the health care system to deliver efficient health services, there is a continued increase in the emphasis on the society to maintain good health. This is particularly through advertisements and programs meant to teach the general public on ways of attaining higher levels of wellbeing. Some of these programs teach on how to stay ill free and how to maintain good health by avoiding certain lifestyles such as use of alcohol and cigarettes, proper diet and physical activity. The package also includes knowledge of their short term and long term effects. These programs are known as chronic self-disease management and preventive health programs (Adams, 2010).
Though it is a very useful approach by the health sector, some may argue that it has some sort of ripple effect on the medicinal health education sector. That stated, the main aim of this essay is to try and uncover some of the challenges that this approach has on the training and education of medicine related professions.
Firstly, raising the awareness to the general public may to some extent require the need by students willing to purse professions in the health sector to advance their education at higher institutions. It is stated that some training may require varying lengths of durations and such include managing specific conditions such as pediatric obesity and other behavioral related programs (Polak, Pojednic, & Phillips, 2015).
Another impact is the increase and extension of the course syllabuses. As it is, medical education is wide and vast. For one to be a healthcare professionality, you have to undertake years of training both practically and theoretically. This requires health workers to be well equipped in nutrition and physical activities. The existing medical training does not provide for nutrition and physical education. Nutrition and physical education will hereby need to be added to the medical training syllabus.
Increasing the syllabus to be studied may discourage students into taking medical education training. Furthermore, increasing the coursework leads to increasing the years of studies thus leading to increased students loans which are hefty ( Kirkham, 2016).This is a challenge both in the costs and the length taken to be effectively suited in this profession.
The last, but not least, is the requirement and training associated with the integration of lifestyle programs into the medical education on the various heads of this sector. Deans and the lecturers associated with this sector will be required to undergo various training and educational reforms to be in terms with the approved curriculum. Students have to learn from people who are proficient in the associated fields. This may require the heads to undergo further training which might be faced by opposition and even unimaginable costs. The challenge stated may be opposition and extra costs and training durations.
The increase in educational awareness by the health care system may require a review of the current syllabus since there is going to be an introduction of various lifestyle related programs currently not included. Apart from this being expensive, there is a likelihood of an increase in the duration to be proficient.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2005, May 13). How healthy are Rural Canadians? An Assessment of Their Health Status and Health . Retrieved from Australian Institute of Health and Welfare: http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=6442467718
Kirkham, E. (2016, August 08). 6 Ways Your Student Debt Ultimately Hurts (and Helps) the Economy. Retrieved from Students Loan Helper: https://studentloanhero.com/featured/effects-of-student-loan-debt-us-economy/
Adams, R. J. (2010). Improving health outcomes with better patient understanding and educationm. Adelaide,Woodville: Dove medical press.
Canadian Institute of Health Information. (2016). How healthy are Rural Canadians? An Assessment of Their Health Status and Health determinants. Ottawa.
Hannover Medical school. (n.d.). Transformative Education for Health Proffessionals. Retrieved Aug 19, 2017, from whoeducationguidelines.org/content/1-definition-and-list-health-proffessionals
Khazan, O. (2014, August 28). Why Are There So Few Doctors in Rural America? Retrieved from The Atlantic: https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2014/08/why-wont-doctors-move-to-rural-america/379291/
Polak, R., Pojednic, R. M., & Phillips, E. M. (2015). Lifestyle medicine education. American Journal of lifestyle Medicine, 361-367.
Reyes, G., & L. , A. Q. (2001). Equity in rural health and health care. New York City: Kluwer Academic-Penum Publishers.
royal society of Medicine press. (2008). A healthcare curriculum for the 21st Century:time for flexibility? Journal of the royal society medicine.