Apa, 4 sources. 4 slides
Hi there, Topic:
discuss mental illness stigma in Canada
in general, and how to overcome such stigma.
Guidelines: I would like you to prepare a presentation on this topic, but please incorporate the source that I have uploaded (Goffman’s book, Stigma) because I lost marks for that reason on the last paper you wrote, so stay close Coffman’s discussion.
could you please also include Rosenhan experiment in creating the presentation!
you can look it up.
you are free to choose the other two extra sources.
This presentation is a ​report of my progress in preparing the term paper which is due at the end of November.​
Thank you!​
Stigma simply refers to signs that are associated with disgrace or discredit on a person, and they normally make the individual to appear different from other people.
Mental health stigma is divided into two groups: social stigma and perceived stigma or self-stigma.
Social stigma refers to the prejudicial attitudes and behaviors that people have towards people with various mental health ailments.
Perceived stigma or self-stigma is the internalization of the mental health patient of their perceptions of discrimination and perceived stigma.
Mental illness stigma in Canada
In each year, 20% of Canadians have a mental health or addiction problem.
By the age of 40, 50% of the Canadians experience a form of mental illness.
70% of mental illness starts at childhood or adolescence.
According to a 2008 survey:

  1. Only 50% of Canadians can tell their friends or co-workers that one of their family members has a mental illness (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health [CAMH], 2012).
  2. 42% of Canadians are not sure if they would be willing to socialize with a person who has a mental illness.
  3. 55% of all Canadians would not marry a person with a mental illness.
  4. 46% of Canadians thought people with bad behavior use the term mental illness as an excuse of their actions.
  5. Finally, 27% of Canadians would be fearful if they were in the company of a person who has serious mental illness (CAMH, 2012)

Evaluation of the Stigma
According to Erving (1963), there are three types of stigma: the stigma of character traits, physical stigma, and the stigma of group identity.
Normally, discriminated individuals usually possess qualities that obtrude themselves and prevent ordinary people from identifying them.
Stigma can be part of individuals and it is established through his/her physical features, character traits, and group identity.
Mentally stigmatized persons can reduce the level of discrimination by going through psychiatric treatments. Nonetheless, the person can still be subjected to prejudice by being identified as a formerly mentally incapacitated individual.
Stigmatization of Mental Illness
Erving (1963) also notes that stigma is primarily based on perception, with an aim of exaggerating differences between individuals.
David Rosenhan 1979 experiment also confirmed that stigmatization, especially of the mentally challenged individuals was mostly about perception.
In the experiment, Rosenhan noted that psychiatrist were unable to differentiate between sane and insane individuals since they did not spend enough time with the patients.
Rosenhan also espoused that the conclusion that individuals are insane, which was arrived at by most psychiatrists in the experiment, was due to ‘expectation bias.’
Finally, he concluded that mental illness is perceived to endure forever.