Human security refers to an emerging issue related to the understanding of global vulnerabilities whose proponents tend to challenge the existing traditional notions of national security by providing an argument basing on the proper referent for security should be an individual issue rather that a state one. On the other hand, climate change refers to a condition whereby there is an experienced change in the statistical weather distribution patterns and this change can last for a long period such as a decade, or millions of years to come. This is the change in average weather conditions for a longer time (extreme weather conditions). Global climate change can lead to effects such as increased in earth’s temperatures, permanent changing of the landscape, endangering of wildlife habitat and species, and rising in the sea level, economic issues, related illness and diseases, and greater damage from storms.
The constraints imposed by environmental conditions and their natural variability are the powerful determinants of individuals and societies security. Frosts, droughts, floods, pathogens, and other environmental challenges were the major significant causes of social disruption, mortality, and morbidity that faced all living organisms in the earth. The changes involved in modern day societies such as technological progress, trade, industrialization, and high levels of social organizations have greatly contributed to weakening and creating some constraints on the local environmental places on people’s needs, values, and rights (generally referred to as human security).
Climate change poses a great risk to human security.