Collectivism and individualism, totalitarianism and democracy, rule of law and rule of man. What do these concepts say about intellectual property rights and the legitimacy of protection?
Individualism refers to the notion that each human being is free to do as per his/her will, to act on his own judgment and to use the products that are as a result of his/her effort. In this, the concept simply implies that an individual is very powerful and can live independently regardless of the circumstances that he/she might come across. On the other hand, collectivism is completely different and describes the life of an individual as belonging to the whole community and that there are no rights that are granted to any individual (Briddle). All these are approaches that are meant to help in the forward movement of the society, albeit using different methodologies.
In this regard, all societies are required to safeguard the rights of every individual, especially the personal rights. Democratic societies emphasize on the protection of individuals rights unlike in totalitarianism societies where the rights of individuals are decided upon by few selected individuals.
What is the relationship between governments, international organizations, and MNCs in fighting piracy?
Each government has been set up to ensure that there are law and order in the country. These laws entail the protection of each and every individual which includes piracy protection. Furthermore, it is of utmost importance that these governments legislate very tough laws that are meant at safeguard intellectual property. On the other hand, it is impossible for these governments to enforce laws without the help of other institutions and bodies such as the judiciary legislature etc. Companies such as those involved in software development should also focus on the protection of intellectual rights and hence the cooperation between these companies and the government is important. In this respect, these companies should work with government bodies and inform them on the challenges that they face in protecting the intellectual rights. Furthermore, they should develop intrinsic policies that are meant to fight piracy and other ways of sabotaging their activities. Therefore, it is very important that governments, international organizations and NMcs work together in order to fight piracy, but from the perspective of individual capacity.
Can companies stop piracy without government help?
The possibilities of companies to fight piracy without government is very limited. The primary reason for this is the fact that governments are mandated with the responsibility of protecting the rights of every individual and thus have an overview and control of the whole system. Regardless of the help that the companies might need from the government for the protection from piracy, it is worthwhile to note that this help should be limited to levels that do not affect the operations of the company. This in itself applies to government bodies around the world because some soft wares are global and the companies have little or no technological capacity to monitor all activities that may involve piracy. A case example is poor countries where people are not able to afford expensive software such as AUTOCAD. In essence, they result to piracy which might require government intervention.
Briddle, C. (n.d.). Individualism vs. Collectivism: Our Future, Our Choice. Objective standard, 7(1).