In a catastrophe circumstance, people panic and most people are incapable of doing things that would save their lives. It is normally the unexpected disaster, and therefore no one has ever had prior preparation in the name that it will ever emerge. Many lose their lives along the event. A catastrophe event happens so fast. Others give up in the struggle and give in to death. Others fight till they survive. They live to give the story to the world about the event. Others live for the sake of the innocent and loving friends. For instance;
On March 2011, Japan had experience breaking news record destructive earthquakes that make people live to remember. This tragedy broke the world’s records. The whole thing surprised a lot of people, and most of them learnt from this tragedy. The cause of the Japan earthquake proves that nobody would or should stand in the battle of nature. Some catastrophes are naturally occurring, therefore, only nature determines the extent and when it will occur (World Health Organization, 803-818).
A catastrophic ocean wave which is also referred to as seismic wave or a coastal landslide is usually caused by a submarine earthquake. A tsunami is a series of a wave in an ocean with a very long wavelength causes by a large-scale ocean disturbance such as; meteorites, explosives, volcanic eruptions, landslides or earthquakes. These ocean disturbances could emerge from either below or above the water bodies (Wei and Yong, et al., 1309-1331). The term tsunami was used to represent harbour wave. There before, tsunamis were used to represent a tidal wave. A tsunami wavelength can range from 10-500 km and a wave period which can last for one hour.
Japan is situated in an area that is prone to earthquakes. It is at the junction of four plates; Philippine, North America, Pacific and Eurasia. The Eurasian plate moves slowly to the East while the rest of the three to the west. The friction created between them causes an earthquake. The settlers in the area knew the dangers of living in such a place, but not ones were they ready for such a dreadful event. The main cause for the great tsunami in Japan was found to be caused by a shift taking the place of the Eurasian tectonic plate to the East (World Health Organization, 803-818).
The tsunami earthquake was first experienced in the northeastern-the earthquake began with a very powerful earthquake of Honshu and then caused increased damage to the land and the damage properties and land. According to the recent data collected regarding the same, it was reported that the tsunami caused some north-eastern regions to fall below their original levels by 75 centimeter. Additionally, it shifted the axis of the earth by 15 centimeters and hence reducing the earthly day. The current aftershocks that are experienced in Japan are as a result of the great tsunami. There are so many various consequences that could arise in the case of such incidence.
First, there is the physical and mental trauma, then the loss of property and lives. It was reported that more than 20,000 lives of people were found dead and more than 13000 people got lost in prefectures. Some of them drown in the cold waters of winter. Honshu Island was the most affected area by the outrageous earthquake. There were more than 50,000 destroyed homes on this island. After the disaster, more than 400,000 people were displaced from their homes. The event is believed to affect a greater upcoming generation in that area. Due to delayed hospital attention, 10% of deaths were the as a result- most of the destroyed building, included most of the hospitals. Harsh living conditions followed for the survivors with psychological, physical and financial issues. Various farm lands were destroyed. The ruptured gas pipes ended up to cause fires. Then further problems were caused by the snow that fell which even blocked the roads.
There were about 100,000 Japanese soldiers that were sent for a search and rescue mission. There were a thousand people who survived the tremendous event. There are people who escaped to the nearby neighbourhood and survived from the rumours concerning the tsunami. Others survived after rescuing themselves in the tallest buildings in the area (Wei and Yong, et al., 1309-1331). Over 130,000 people were part of the relief and rescue mission sent by the Japanese government. The foreign countries supported the country together with some international organizations including Jehovah witnesses.
Most of the survivors give a bitter report of how the tsunami swept away their loved ones and others even bear reminding marks in their bodies. Many wished to forget the event and possibly move on with their lives like any other person. The main reason why people survived this event was that they did heed the warnings. Some never thought of it being true, but they took measures anyway (World Health Organization, 803-818). After all, the possible existing difference from the cause of action was surviving or becoming a victim. Due to lack of necessary education, such as how to prepare for an earth quake or first aid training, many people died due to shocks while other lacked knowledge of how to stop themselves from bleeding and taking care of a cut or a wound. Many died of these and not the tsunami earthquake.
People have a fear of death. Very few people are ready for death. Due to this phobia, one would do anything to stay alive. Some other people were very optimistic, and it kept them alive. They knew they had to survive the earthquake no matter what. Some other survived for the hope of seeing their family again. Many women fought for survival to see their children and help them grow up (World Health Organization, 803-818).
Later on, the government of Japan initiated some programs to make people prepare for such an event the next time it occurs. People lacked knowledge of how to take measures of before, during and after an earthquake. For instance; before an earthquake, one should take any warning seriously to avoid being a victim, learn how shut off and turn off the electricity valves and the tap waters. Second, one should down lift any weighty hanging object and secure a safe place to be. Also, the cabinets should be closed tightly. Most importantly, have knowledge on how to conduct a first aid.
Whereas during the earthquake, one should keep off from falling objects. One should avoid panicking and first put off gas, electricity or running water. When people are running for their lives, one should avoid cliffs, shores and riversides. If possible people should be on a clear ground. One should avoid elevators or try to rush out of a building. In the case of survivors, those who are strong enough should provide first aid to the injured victims. Second, turn on the radio in case of disaster reports and emergency instructions. Evacuate from a damaged building structure by use of staircases (Wei and Yong, et al., 1309-1331).
The effects from the tsunami disaster spread far beyond Japan. It served as a warning to the neighbouring countries. It illustrated the possible extreme economic costs that would be required to get back to the original state or rather to a better situation. It was an alarming wake-up call to the whole world. It is essential for every country to always prepare for a possible devastating disaster (Wei and Yong, et al., 1309-1331). There were few relief and recovery achievements that resulted from the event. The government initiated recovery programs such as;
• Healthcare and infrastructure
• Children’s education and support
• Community-based disasters
• Emergency relief programs
In conclusion, Japan being a victim of the terrible national disaster, it is well prepared to deal with any possible upcoming threat. The survivors from the event are still haunting by the event that took place six years ago. They confess of how nostalgic the memories are but give the best to move on from that experience. Scientists should conduct enough research regarding a possible earthquake to avoid having an unexpected disaster. People should be exposed to the right information and knowledge that is deemed necessary regarding a possible national disaster. The citizens should take serious heed to any warning or rumours and take the best action to avoid being a victim of such hazardous event.
References
Fujii, Yoshiro, et al. “Tsunami source of the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake.” Earth, planets and space 63.7 (2011): 55.
Mori, Nobuhito, et al. “Survey of 2011 Tohoku earthquake tsunami inundation and run‐up.” Geophysical research letters 38.7 (2011).
Mimura, Nobuo, et al. “Damage from the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami-a quick report.” World Health Organization. Health risk assessment from the nuclear accident after the 2011 Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami, based on preliminary dose estimation.
World Health Organization, 2013.itigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 16.7 (2011): 803-818.
World Health Organization. Health risk assessment from the nuclear accident after the 2011 Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami, based on preliminary dose estimation. World Health Organization, 2013.
Wei, Yong, et al. “Modeling of the 2011 Japan tsunami: Lessons for near-field forecast.” Pure and Applied Geophysics 170.6-8 (2013): 1309-1331.