To nurture a child into an adult is usually the responsibility of the guardian or parent. This is nature’s way of molding. Some special cases might occur when the child is neglected such as in the case of parents with a tight working schedule or the absolution which can occur in street children. In many countries throughout the world, the absenteeism of the parent in the child’s life leads to the intervention of the justice system particularly the police. Ill-mannered children such as those who commit petty crimes end up in detention. In other circumstances, children who have committed no crime at all such as those on the street may find themselves in police arms due to their need for protection and care (international center for prison studies, 2004). Under the stated special circumstances, some children may find themselves somewhat in tenterhooks with the judicial system. That stated, the aim of this essay is to explore the bearing of the criminal justice system on children with no home guidance.
To begin with, home guidance is a crucial stage in the development of any sane child. In most countries, the definition of a child is any person who is short of 18 years. The home experience is meant to be a stepping stone to the outside world where instead of soft punishments, there is the judicial system mandated to regulate all the activities and to amend laws meant to ensure safe living. The behavior of any child out of home is a manifestation of the moral upbringing. It is constantly known that parents are regarded as bad cops at home with strict disciplinarian techniques. At home, children tend to feel relaxed and have the freedom of expression but in the open may show a significant difference in behavior such as being polite to teachers and strangers for the fear of punishment. Punishment as a result of the view the children have towards their parents. It is thus wise to say without home guidance, there is a tendency of children to observe natural laws instead of the constitutional laws. This can have a significant impact on these children’s lives.
According to the international instruments, children should not be deprived their right to liberty and if they are imprisoned it should be for the shortest time possible. There are other guidelines that state how children should be treated when they come into criminal justice measures (Wenham, 2002).
Also, children should also be treated specially with regards to their vulnerability and age. Furthermore, the welfare of children should be considered when it comes to decision making. Hence criminal justice ensures that in whatever decisions they make against children it will be made to the child’s interests. Criminal justice systems also ensure that children are not imprisoned with adults. In these, the system has put into place for the safety of children. The building of children wings in correctional facilities has been able to ensure that no adults reach to harass them.
As recommended by International instruments their correctional institutions should be primarily educational. These institutions should aim to prepare children for a future free of crime. Education certificates should not indicate that they were acquired in penal institutes (Belwetts & Woods, 2001). In this street children find themselves getting education and reformed other than being punished
For many children in the street, it is created that criminal justice system should set up juvenile service systems separate to the adults’ ones. It also depicts that their arrests should be less forceful as possible. Moreover, children cases are assigned specially trained judges and are assigned lawyers for their legal representation. In this criminal justice assures of the protection of children’s rights and that there will be justice dispensation to children (Magnai, 2001).
Where street children have been acquitted of their crimes, the criminal justice has placed them under close supervisions. These have been achieved by placing these kids under foster parents. These parents are required to send the kids to school and be reporting to the authorities to monitor their progress.
It is thus wise to conclude that home guidance has a significant impact on the lives of children. Without this, children face the judicial criminal system which may alter their lives in one way or another. In most instances, the criminal justice system has been observed to have a positive impact on children with no home guidance.
Belwetts, K., & Woods, B. (2001). Kids Behind Bars. London.
international center for prison studies. (2004). Guidance Note 14: Children in prison.
Magnai, E. (2001). Serves you right! Playing populist politics with children who kill, Children’s legal centers. London.
Wenham, M. (2002). An outside chance: street children and juvenile Justice. London.