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Through his inscription of poetry, Langston Hughes depicts many uses of moods, themes and importantly his way of communicating just through poems in a time when the art populace was in a glitch to decline. Arnold in his bibliography labels him as “perhaps the most illustrative black American writer” (Arnold R). Most of his work depicts his starring role as an orator for people of color and the waged poor majority. Others would share his philosophies on the essentials of inheritance and the ancient times. Through his forthright, comprehensible writing style that easily passes over his opinions and beliefs, Hughes realizes his goal. He also contends that the American Dream is impossible to achieve for the nations marginalized, who only live to survive, and instigates for doings of public disobedience. This paper aims to explore the best works of Hughes, “Mother to Son” and slightly touch “let America be Again” among other poems, critically analyze the paper, discuss the literary devices that the poets used and try to connect the central idea that the author wanted to pass.
In the “mother to son” poem, the mom tells her son he will have to counter many challenges in his life tenure. Nevertheless, he must conquer them to survive. The mom relates the voyage of lifespan to climbing a staircase. She is bitter that her life has been made of the jagged staircase and not made of precious stone. In fact, she says that her life staircase has been bumpy with swelling fragments of woods and nails projecting out, boards wore out and in dwellings where the carpet was not available (Barksdale & Kenneth). Conversely, she has been determined and keeps mounting, through the darkness, landings, and bends despite the unfavorable conditions. She would further encourage the son to follower her tracks, keep his head up and never look back and never say enough is enough because he finds the voyage onerous. Surprisingly she is strong and moving forward although the hard challenges life has thrown at her is where she wants the son to get motivation from and push through life no matter what he experiences (Gates et al.).
This poem revolves around the notion of reassurance and anticipation to move onward with life no matter how hard the going is. It also depicts how much the mother loves his son. Though this love is not well exposed, in the poem stresses the notion of not letting any situation get better of one’s determination.  The son in this poem is the recipient of advice from her lovely mother; the son also seems to stand for the new generation. Since the mother has efficaciously tackled these life encounters, she looks forward to her son to be courageous enough and firm to triumph life trials. Langston uses an inspiring, optimistic and moralizing tone in the poem (Abu-Lughod,).
Hughes unwraps the poem by bringing a contrast amid the mom’s life and perfidious stairs to demonstrate how her life has been complicated and not exciting. We see the mother lecturing the boy: “Well, son, I will tell you:/life for me ain’t been no crystal stair” (line 1&2). As she signals her life had been filled with trials and troubles, such include, “it’s had tacks in it. /and splinters” (line 3&4). The author use of metaphor relating the mom’s life to the stairs manifests all through the poem, with the recurrence of the line, “Life for me ain’t been no crystal stairs” (line 1&2). The author emphasizes on the parallel configuration, with the “crystal stair” phrase as the poem instigates and at the end, to depict a sense of accomplishment to the circumstantial tale and stress the extended metaphor that describes life as stairs (Langston). The author still uses repetition   “I’se still goin’,” “I’se still climbing” (9&18), also reckoning extra stress on the mom’s tussles and exhaustion.
We learn from the mother that to give up is, losing hope and dying when she tells the kid, “Cause you finds it is kinder hard” (line 16), she is trying to tell the lad not to surrender to the inducements and let his grip go. Though she had felt the same but fought through it, she understands that the decision to persist is advantageous to the person and the community at large. (Hughes). To the finishing lines, she discloses her prowess and persistence “I’se still going.’ Honey,/I’se still climbing/And life for me ain’t been no crystal stair”,  she remarks in (line 9,18 & 1). All through we see her behaving like a role model that his boy can look up to and gain courage and forte into his cognizance, which enables him to face the life journey conveniently.
In the poem “Let America Be America Again” Langston uses imagery to explain the situation that the persona is in “I am the poor white, fooled and pushed apart, I am the Negro bearing slavery’s scars. I am the red man driven from the land…” (Lines 19-21). He uses the images of a poor old white man fooled and pushed away, a black man bearing slavery marks; a red man farmer drove away from their land. All these images created shows a breaking point reached by the persona, life breaking points, desperate moments and more the most trying moments any man can undergo pushing them to the limits of taking desperate measures to save their souls out of it.
The author also uses repetition Repetition; “I am… I am…” (Lines 19-22) In this case, the device is used to emphasize the subject matter of the whole poem which is the persona using the article ‘I.’ Everything that’s happening all narrows down to the one person, and the main focus of the story, the victim ‘I.’  Langston wished for a utopian society a country that cared for all its citizens, and it through is writing we realize how much he is frustrated with how the country is run.  he feels that in America is not a free country “O, let my land be a land where Liberty Is crowned with no false patriotic wreath, But the opportunity is real, and life is free…” (Lines 11-13) The whole stanza explains how it is expected to be in order to make America be free or rather than what is expected to happen in a free America. But the case is different since, in the last line, he says that equality is in the air we breathe. There is no equality, no liberty, and no freedom to everyone. In that era 1920, these things are still in play, and what’s expected in a free America is not there at all, thus making America NOT a free country.
The last but not least work of Hunges we are going to discuss is Po’ Boy Blues he uses Repetition “When I was home de Sunshine seemed like gold. When I was home de Sunshine seemed like gold.” (Lines 2-4) moreover, what detonates form this is he is trying to put more emphasizes on the beauty and how good looking his home looked like before he left and came to a new cruel world out there.
The Weary Blues he employees a Rhyme Pattern “In a deep song voice the melancholy tone I heard that Negro sing, That old piano moan-” (Lines 17-18) The author uses the rhythm pattern to express his detest for the voice and melody of the song. Though he cannot admit it, the song from the Negro and sound is excellent, but the fact that it is from the people of color it angers him to admit how sweet the song and sound is.
In conclusion, we notice that the author has utilized metaphors, symbol, picture painting and parlance for instance of an exhausted mother who looks forward to her son to maneuver through destitution of life. The refrain of the poem is willpower and the worth of know-how. The ultimate the mother delegates her son is never to let loose no matter how the going gets tough. Also, his poems seem to take a direction of inducing the general population to reject what he terms as discrimination and inequality. He recommends the use of civil resistance to push the agenda. Moreover, sure enough, Hunges succeeds through use of imagery, repetition, similes, and metaphors and additionally through a language that the general public would easily connect.
Work cited
Rampersad, Arnold. The Life of Langston Hughes: Volume I: 1902-1941, I, Too, Sing America. Vol. 1. Oxford University Press, 2001.
Hughes, Langston. The collected poems of Langston Hughes. Vintage, 2017.
Hughes, Langston. Selected Poems of Langston Hughes. Vintage, 2011.
Gates, Henry, and Nellie Y. McKay. African American Literature. Vol. 997. New York: Norton, 1997.
Barksdale, Richard Kenneth. Langston Hughes. Amer Library Assn, 1977.
Abu-Lughod, Lila. Veiled Sentiments: Honor and poetry in a Bedouin society. Univ of California Press, 2016.
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Lecturer
Subject
Date
Langston Hughes poetry literature Analysis
Through his inscription of poetry, Langston Hughes depicts many uses of moods, themes and importantly his way of communicating just through poems in a time when the art populace was in a glitch to decline. Arnold in his bibliography labels him as “perhaps the most illustrative black American writer” (Arnold R). Most of his work depicts his starring role as an orator for people of color and the waged poor majority. Others would share his philosophies on the essentials of inheritance and the ancient times. Through his forthright, comprehensible writing style that easily passes over his opinions and beliefs, Hughes realizes his goal. He also contends that the American Dream is impossible to achieve for the nations marginalized, who only live to survive, and instigates for doings of public disobedience. This paper aims to explore the best works of Hughes, “Mother to Son” and slightly touch “let America be Again” among other poems, critically analyze the paper, discuss the literary devices that the poets used and try to connect the central idea that the author wanted to pass.
In the “mother to son” poem, the mom tells her son he will have to counter many challenges in his life tenure. Nevertheless, he must conquer them to survive. The mom relates the voyage of lifespan to climbing a staircase. She is bitter that her life has been made of the jagged staircase and not made of precious stone. In fact, she says that her life staircase has been bumpy with swelling fragments of woods and nails projecting out, boards wore out and in dwellings where the carpet was not available (Barksdale & Kenneth). Conversely, she has been determined and keeps mounting, through the darkness, landings, and bends despite the unfavorable conditions. She would further encourage the son to follower her tracks, keep his head up and never look back and never say enough is enough because he finds the voyage onerous. Surprisingly she is strong and moving forward although the hard challenges life has thrown at her is where she wants the son to get motivation from and push through life no matter what he experiences (Gates et al.).
This poem revolves around the notion of reassurance and anticipation to move onward with life no matter how hard the going is. It also depicts how much the mother loves his son. Though this love is not well exposed, in the poem stresses the notion of not letting any situation get better of one’s determination.  The son in this poem is the recipient of advice from her lovely mother; the son also seems to stand for the new generation. Since the mother has efficaciously tackled these life encounters, she looks forward to her son to be courageous enough and firm to triumph life trials. Langston uses an inspiring, optimistic and moralizing tone in the poem (Abu-Lughod,).
Hughes unwraps the poem by bringing a contrast amid the mom’s life and perfidious stairs to demonstrate how her life has been complicated and not exciting. We see the mother lecturing the boy: “Well, son, I will tell you:/life for me ain’t been no crystal stair” (line 1&2). As she signals her life had been filled with trials and troubles, such include, “it’s had tacks in it. /and splinters” (line 3&4). The author use of metaphor relating the mom’s life to the stairs manifests all through the poem, with the recurrence of the line, “Life for me ain’t been no crystal stairs” (line 1&2). The author emphasizes on the parallel configuration, with the “crystal stair” phrase as the poem instigates and at the end, to depict a sense of accomplishment to the circumstantial tale and stress the extended metaphor that describes life as stairs (Langston). The author still uses repetition   “I’se still goin’,” “I’se still climbing” (9&18), also reckoning extra stress on the mom’s tussles and exhaustion.
We learn from the mother that to give up is, losing hope and dying when she tells the kid, “Cause you finds it is kinder hard” (line 16), she is trying to tell the lad not to surrender to the inducements and let his grip go. Though she had felt the same but fought through it, she understands that the decision to persist is advantageous to the person and the community at large. (Hughes). To the finishing lines, she discloses her prowess and persistence “I’se still going.’ Honey,/I’se still climbing/And life for me ain’t been no crystal stair”,  she remarks in (line 9,18 & 1). All through we see her behaving like a role model that his boy can look up to and gain courage and forte into his cognizance, which enables him to face the life journey conveniently.
In the poem “Let America Be America Again” Langston uses imagery to explain the situation that the persona is in “I am the poor white, fooled and pushed apart, I am the Negro bearing slavery’s scars. I am the red man driven from the land…” (Lines 19-21). He uses the images of a poor old white man fooled and pushed away, a black man bearing slavery marks; a red man farmer drove away from their land. All these images created shows a breaking point reached by the persona, life breaking points, desperate moments and more the most trying moments any man can undergo pushing them to the limits of taking desperate measures to save their souls out of it.
The author also uses repetition Repetition; “I am… I am…” (Lines 19-22) In this case, the device is used to emphasize the subject matter of the whole poem which is the persona using the article ‘I.’ Everything that’s happening all narrows down to the one person, and the main focus of the story, the victim ‘I.’  Langston wished for a utopian society a country that cared for all its citizens, and it through is writing we realize how much he is frustrated with how the country is run.  he feels that in America is not a free country “O, let my land be a land where Liberty Is crowned with no false patriotic wreath, But the opportunity is real, and life is free…” (Lines 11-13) The whole stanza explains how it is expected to be in order to make America be free or rather than what is expected to happen in a free America. But the case is different since, in the last line, he says that equality is in the air we breathe. There is no equality, no liberty, and no freedom to everyone. In that era 1920, these things are still in play, and what’s expected in a free America is not there at all, thus making America NOT a free country.
The last but not least work of Hunges we are going to discuss is Po’ Boy Blues he uses Repetition “When I was home de Sunshine seemed like gold. When I was home de Sunshine seemed like gold.” (Lines 2-4) moreover, what detonates form this is he is trying to put more emphasizes on the beauty and how good looking his home looked like before he left and came to a new cruel world out there.
The Weary Blues he employees a Rhyme Pattern “In a deep song voice the melancholy tone I heard that Negro sing, That old piano moan-” (Lines 17-18) The author uses the rhythm pattern to express his detest for the voice and melody of the song. Though he cannot admit it, the song from the Negro and sound is excellent, but the fact that it is from the people of color it angers him to admit how sweet the song and sound is.
In conclusion, we notice that the author has utilized metaphors, symbol, picture painting and parlance for instance of an exhausted mother who looks forward to her son to maneuver through destitution of life. The refrain of the poem is willpower and the worth of know-how. The ultimate the mother delegates her son is never to let loose no matter how the going gets tough. Also, his poems seem to take a direction of inducing the general population to reject what he terms as discrimination and inequality. He recommends the use of civil resistance to push the agenda. Moreover, sure enough, Hunges succeeds through use of imagery, repetition, similes, and metaphors and additionally through a language that the general public would easily connect.
Work cited
Rampersad, Arnold. The Life of Langston Hughes: Volume I: 1902-1941, I, Too, Sing America. Vol. 1. Oxford University Press, 2001.
Hughes, Langston. The collected poems of Langston Hughes. Vintage, 2017.
Hughes, Langston. Selected Poems of Langston Hughes. Vintage, 2011.
Gates, Henry, and Nellie Y. McKay. African American Literature. Vol. 997. New York: Norton, 1997.
Barksdale, Richard Kenneth. Langston Hughes. Amer Library Assn, 1977.
Abu-Lughod, Lila. Veiled Sentiments: Honor and poetry in a Bedouin society. Univ of California Press, 2016.v