According to Gardner (1993), he states that leadership is a process of persuasion or example by which an individual (or team) induces a group to pursue objectives held by the leader or shared by the leaders and their followers. Gardner further states that leadership style is the way in which a process is carried out. According to Gardner (1993), leadership style covers on how they relate to others both inside and outside the institution, how they observe themselves and their position. It is believed that some people do inherit some qualities of and characters that enable them to be better placed in leadership. Further researches show that people individuals enter the world with both equal talents and abilities. However, there is the difference between the born leaders and made leaders. Born leaders are different from made leaders. If leaders are born then, there is no need of studying management or leadership. Behavioral Theories clearly indicates that best leaders are products of training, observation, and learning. Leaders are made and not born. For a born leader to lead well, he must be trained the leadership skills to enhance his skills and become a good leader.
According to Gardner (1993), on leadership, there are four noble goals of leadership namely; Releasing human potential which explores the ability to willingness in self-responsibility. Once one is motivated, one moves to towards the process of releasing human potential. Balancing the needs of the individual and the community, this goal helps one to balance the personal needs and those of the community so as to avoid the conflict of interest. Defending the fundamental values of the community, as a leader, it is one’s obligation to represent and protect the rights and values of the community. Additionally, one needs to be selfless to and put the needs of the society first. Instilling in individuals a sense of initiative and responsibility will help and contribute towards contributing to the progress of the community.