The state of Maryland, as run by its government, maintains matters within its borders as per the constitution. As with any other state in the United States, the government has three branches which are the executive, legislature, and judiciary. These three branches are required to ensure that there are peace and order in this densely populated state. On this note, considering the coexistence of the population, there are strict gun laws that are drafted and implemented by the judiciary and legislature. It is of the essence that these laws are as effective as possible considering the proximity that the state has to the U.S capital, D.C Washington.
Firearms in the State
The state of Maryland has various laws that are meant to regulate the number of firearms within the population. The laws focus on possession, purchase, transfer, rent, transportation among others. In fact, the state has no constitutional provision that grants the right to bear arms (Institute for legislative action, 2014). The law boldly states that the state does not permit the sale of a rifle or shotgun for assault purposes. On the other hand, the purchase of rifle or shotgun for other purposes requires no permit. This means that the state does not regulate the sale and purchase of a shotgun and a rifle.
There are a series of regulations when the purchase of a gun is concerned. In this context, guns that cannot be purchased include ‘assault’ rifles and those whose magazines can hold more than 10 rounds. In the purchase of the handgun, the dealer focuses on the identity of the buyer. Some of the measures taken include: fingerprinting, safety classes and licensing. Furthermore, there is a 7 day waiting period when the purchase is done at a licensed dealer or the state police. During this period, the state police conduct a background check to ensure that there is no criminal or assault record attached to the buyer. When the 7-day waiting period is over and the background check is not complete, it is a requirement by the law that the dealer releases the gun to the purchaser (Amselle, 2013).
All the gun laws are in accordance with common law principles. In this, the use of deadly force is allowed when there is reasonable ground to warrant self-defense.Therefore, the use of deadly force should be considered when one believes he/she is in danger. It is furthermore warranted to any person defending him/herself from an attacker in his/her place of residence. The cause of the use of excessive force is something that needs to have sufficient proof in the court of law (Institute for legislative action, 2014).
On a downside, the purchase and possession of a firearm has a number of strings attached. One limitation is that transportation or carrying an unlicensed gun is prohibited. Furthermore, the transport of any weapon using public transport is unlawful. Another limitation regards machineguns whereby it is illegal to possess this type of gun for aggressive purposes. The two stated laws should be in accordance with the permit to carry a gun as outlined by the application made to the secretary of state police. Finally, it is a criminal offense to change or obliterate the number of the firearm or the identification number of the manufacturer.
In this state, 21 is the age that an individual attains the right to possess a regulated firearm (handgun or assault weapon). In this, the transfer, selling or renting of a firearm to persons under this age is prohibited. On the contrary, there is no age limit to the possession of a rifle or shotgun (Giffords Law Center, 2016).
Amselle, j. (2013, August 6). Maryland gun laws increasing gun ownership: even among criminals. Retrieved from daily caller: amp.dailycaller.com/2013/08/06/Maryland gun laws increasing gun ownership: even among criminals
Giffords Law Center. (2016, September 28). Minimum age to possess and purchase in Maryland. Retrieved from lawcenter.giffords.org/Minimum age to possess and purchase in Maryland
Institute for legislative action. (2014, November 12). Maryland gun laws. Retrieved from NRA-ILA: www.nraila.org/gun-laws/state-gun-laws/maryland