The partnership between parents and childcare experts is a crucial factor in the development of a child. In this, parents involvement can be defined as the continuous engagement and participation in a meaningful and organized way to the consultation, planning, implementation and evaluation of the programs and activities that help in the children development. Furthermore, the relationship involves regular two-way communication between the two parties and the management involving the parent in decision making. In this, parents are encouraged to be full-time partners.
One of the benefits of this relationship is the ability of the parents to pass any information that may be of concern to the childcare service. Some children may have problems that only the parent knows and this can be easily transferred to the childcare as fast as possible. Some problems that face children are easily noticed by their parents and therefore are solved as fast as possible when the parents are in cohorts with the childcare service providers.
One major aspect that can benefit a child is if he/she observes that the parents and the childcare service providers are in cohorts. It is particularly useful as it enhances the child’s confidence in the hands of the childcare service providers. Still, on this note, the open door policy that is introduced in schools gives the parents the freedom to speak to staff and other members with no appointment or prior notice. In this, all concerns that may arise regarding the child are addressed in due time.
Setting up and maintenance of partnership
It is really easy for parents and the childcare experts to work together but it is somehow difficult to sustain this relationship. Regardless of the relationship, various issues may arise and may consequently severe this relationship and as such, it is important to try and understand some of the factors that ensure that this relationship withstands the test of time. Therefore, it is important to understand the relationship is all about the provision of the best environment for the development of the child, either at home or away, and does not entail the caregivers taking the responsibility of the parents.
To begin with, the sharing of information between parents and the childcare and/or school professionals is one of the ways in which to establish this relationship. The interaction that follows afterward defines how the relationship between the parent and the childcare giver will shape up. The childcare or school professional has to show the parent that he/she knows the child and use this as a base to show the interest. Furthermore, he/she has to expound on the childcare service offered and the approaches to be used towards the child.
Communication is an effective way to ensure that the relationship withstands the test of time. In particular is two-way communication which engages the parent more on the child’s achievement rather than problem centered discussions. In this, the parent plays a critical role in the success of the child.
Bases of routines
To begin with, the needs of the child are very crucial for the development of the caregiver-parent relationship as well as the development of the child. That stated, it is the concern of the parent for the wellbeing of the child and this can bring anxiety and uneasiness when a child enters childcare settings. To put all these negative emotional responses away, the practitioners can outline the policies, procedures and daily activities of the setting.  In this, a child needs to be engaged in activities that are suitable to him/her as well his/her interaction with the right company. Furthermore, the parents may get involved in assessing and determining the suitability of all the above stated and can furthermore provide additional information on aspects such as the child’s fear, favorite food, toy etc.
On the aspect of the agreement, the partnership is created when the caregivers outline the policies, activities, goals, and planning. All these provide the information required by the parent to determine if the setting is suitable. Later on, the parent may decide to agree or disagree with some of the information provided which may subsequently mean an agreement or disagreement.
The child’s participation may be guaranteed when there is more parental involvement. Children feel more secure when the parent is around and this may mean most activities should have some aspect of a parent-child relationship. All the activities should be as prescribed by the parent and should consider all the interests of the child and the company he/she is involved with.
Routines adaptation to the needs of a child
The needs of a child vary through the development period. In ensuring that the routines meet the needs of the child, one aspect that might come into play is the professionalism of the caregiver. Different levels of experience expose the caregiver to a valuable base of information to meet the needs of the child. In this, he/she is able to identify the necessary modifications to the daily routine just by observation and intuition. Furthermore, it may provide the base for consultation with other necessary bodies all in a bid to meet the change of preferences and needs on the part of the child.
The parents play a very big role in the life of their children. With proper communication and consultation between the parent and the caregiver, the latter is able to identify the necessary modifications to the daily routines. This interaction may further advocate for the involvement of the parent in decision making.
Welcoming a child at the childcare setting
The first impression to any child plays a crucial role in the compatibility as well as his/her development in the setting. It is therefore important to ensure that the child is received well to ensure that the home-based setting and the environment is mirrored. It will, in turn, ensure a smooth transition to the new environment.
Various methodologies are used when welcoming a child to the setting. Some of these include: a gathering where the parents, community, management, and staff interact; sessions of transition to enable smoothness in settling in; discussion of parent’s needs; sessions on how children can learn through play; information and discussion with the parents on the involvement of the child’s well-being among others
Importance of play to child development
It has always been described that play is a child’s work and therefore an important aspect in development. It is essential for development because it enhances the cognitive, physical, social and well-being of any child (Ginsburg, 2007). The inclusive approach of child’s play has reduced dramatically due to the changing lifestyles, family structure, increased emphasis on academics and much more. On this note, parents have been encouraged to engage in play activities with the children considering the many benefits associated with this type of play. This essay tries to address the benefits of child play on the growth and development.
One major benefit is the increase in the problem-solving capabilities of children. It is especially true in games that are centered on problem solving and puzzles where the make-believe stimulates various forms of learning. Furthermore, by engaging with other children and adults, they are able to strengthen their language skills, and by engaging in plays that define their own life experiences, children are able to learn the different family roles.
The ability to develop creativity and imagination, which in turn is very important for brain development, is centered on playing (Anderson, 2010). In this regard, the play engages the child in the world he/she lives in particularly by offering the child the ability to master skills and recover quickly after an attack. Therefore, the game allows the child to describe different views such as frustration, anger, anxiety and in turn allows his/her development. When these games are grouped, the child learns how to be part of a group and benefits of teamwork.
Plan of challenging and enjoyable environment
Children need the comfort of home and therefore there is the need to provide a challenging and friendly home environment that may basically include household items and routines. One major concern on this is the compliance with the regulatory and legislative policies that cover home-based childcare.
Only after compliance with the regulatory policies regarding childcare can one offer the services. In this regard, the regulatory bodies are required to inspect and regulate the services offered to children. As a childcare giver, the regulations and measures offered are meant to be a guide in the provision of the services. Furthermore, the childcare giver is required to register under the law stating the need and comply with the elements included in the provision of a challenging and friendly home environment.
The judgment and skills that the caregiver has enables him/her to align the environment in such a way that provides the childcare needs without compromising his/her integrity and the services provided. Furthermore, the structure should be in such a way that it aligns with the inclusive and engaging criteria that enable the children to feel more at home and more secure. All these should be in compliance with the childcare practitioners requirements stipulated.
As an example, on the aspect of napping and mealtimes, the children should be provided with the household plastic spoons and cups for every meal considering the harmless nature. Furthermore, they should be served on the meal tables engaging them in a more family environment. The aspect of play should be inclusive of all the children.
Observing children playing
Observing children playing is an important tool in assessment as well as in determining their capabilities. More information about the child is provided when he/she is playing and can, therefore, be a firm base for reflection on the role of a teacher or caregiver.
Observing children in play enables the observer to plan and provide an appropriate curriculum. How children engage and interact with each other is an indication of the social skills acquired or to be acquired. It thus indicates the development of the child. Furthermore, the games that children are involved in might provide information regarding interests and hobbies
Treatment of children in equal measures
Various policies indicate the need for equality at the setting. Though there might be the need for equality, certain aspects such as disability should be looked into detail. The child has the right to education, food, shelter etc. and the caregiver needs to look into this into detail. As such, the basic rights need to be modified to cater for the various and diverse individual needs of the children, all in compliance with the policies and acts stipulated. Furthermore, needs may vary from group to group and therefore a childcare giver is supposed to observe, recognize, organize and plan properly to diversify the methods through which all the children are treated.
An important aspect that may enable the childcare giver to practice this act of equality in an appropriate and effective way is the level of professionalism. The balance inequality requires careful judgment and experience.
Resource available
There are various resources that can be available to support the child development in the childcare setting. The diversification of the needs is catered for by diversified important resource for children development is a toy store. Toys continually engage children in creative and imaginative thinking ensuring that they develop appropriately. Lending and buying toys from toy stores diversify the toys available ensuring that most of the needs are catered for.
Another important resource for the development of children is a library. A childcare setting may have a library center or books may be purchased from libraries and/or bookstores.
Concept of safeguarding and the duty of care
One important consideration for any childcare giver is the wellbeing and safety of the children. It is therefore imperative to understand that each child under the wing of a childcare giver should be treated safely and basis of this is that safeguarding is always the responsibility of any party involved in the setting, either the cook, chef, janitor etc.Professionals and staff are required to attend to the safety of the children and so are the parents
Safeguarding is a child-centered approach. In this, all the measures provided and implemented are based on the needs and preferences of the child. It is impossible to safeguard a child against his/her preferences and therefore an important aspect to consider.
Actions taken should be focused on ensuring that the outcome is the best, as per the child. Some actions taken may not have the best outcome for the child and this is also a factor to be considered.
Possible signs, symptoms, indicators, and behaviors that may cause concern in the context of safeguarding
It has been described that any child who has suffered from any sort of physical abuse, mental damage, sexual assault may be subject to is therefore important to try and understand the possible signs that may indicate this. More to this is the fact that children are the most vulnerable either at school, at home or in the community surrounding.
Considering physical abuse, this may be an injury inflicted to a child deliberately or deliberately. It may involve punching, hitting with an object or any other method to inflict physical harm. Some of the symptoms associated with this type of abuse include injury, paranoia, fear and many others. This type of abuse may result in antisocial behavior and severe the relationship with other children. The affected child may further seem withdrawn from his/her usual and preferred lifestyle. All these might be a result of the ineffectiveness of the caregiver to safeguard the child from harm.
Sexual assault has many contexts. A child may be sexually assaulted through physical contact or non-contact activities. Physical contact may involve oral sex, touching, masturbation etc. while nonphysical particularly entails subjecting the child to sexually inappropriate ways such as movies. Some of the symptoms and signs include the child reporting sexual assault, preoccupation with sexual matters etc.
Regulatory requirements for safeguarding children that affect home-based childcare.
Children have been regarded as the concern of the society and it is in this that various regulatory bodies and policies have been drafted worldwide. One of this is the United Nations conventions on the right of the child. Considering that this is a global body centered on the welfare and equality of all mankind, it states that all the aspects of care, education, and development of children should not be found on a discriminatory basis such as ethnicity, color, disability, political affiliations etc. By providing an even ground for children of all backgrounds, this law has ensured that hatred and discrimination are on a continuous downfall.
Another act that is centered on the general wellbeing is the children and young person’s act. The act covers all children up to the age of 18 and is focused on ensuring that their voices are heard.
Procedures that need to be followed by lone workers in home-based settings when harm or abuse are suspected
Some occasions may call for the attention of the caregiver. These are occasions that the caregiver may feel uncomfortable about the child’s situation whether physically or emotionally this regard, the first step is to call childcare helplines. The call might ease the childcare giver or might require more action. The latter is described in very serious situations while the former may include minor injuries and other small issues.
A serious situation will warrant a referral where the operator will request the caregiver to provide various information about the child. Some of the information requested may include; the nature of the injury, the names and contacts of the parents or the guardians, the child’s doctor etc. and as a good measure, the information provided should be as accurate and reliable as possible. The referrals should be followed by writing and afterward the necessary step such as arrest, treatment etc. will be provided
Typical behaviors in children development
Parents and caregivers need to understand the various stages that children go through so as to effectively manage them and ensure proper growth. Some of the stages of this development through childhood are described below.
To begin with children within the age bracket of less than 1 year, some of the characteristics include: there is no understanding of conscious reactions and behaviors and the children have very little understanding of the surrounding and therefore explore every bit without consciously understanding what they are doing. Furthermore, when in need, they communicate through tears because of the little development in communication
Children between 1 and 2 years basically exhibit some of the following characteristics; there is no conscious plan for control and movement, independence, start to explore the world in more detail, interest in other children, Begin to explore cause and effect relationship effectively. This is a development stage where the cognitive functioning is developing resulting into an exploratory behavior.
The third stage is that of toddlers (2-3 years).These children basically exhibit some of the following characteristics: establish friendships with other children, easily frustrated, follows simple rules, and obeys parents among others. The cognitive functioning and understanding of the child may be regarded as remarkable resulting to a rather independent state.
Another stage in the development is between 4-5 years and children basically exhibit some of the following behaviors: manipulation of ideas in the mind, ability to determine the most appropriate actions, competitive and able to talk. There is a considerable progress in the cognitive functioning
Groundbreaking rules
The most crucial aspect in groundbreaking rules is a systematic collaborative is therefore important for the childcare giver to have a collaborative loop that ensures delivery of information in due this, the caregiver defines the boundaries and activities that the whole family is to engage in and rather than acting on a dictatorship accord, he/she gives room to the concerned parties to air out their grievances and opinions.
In the childcare settings, rules are meant to regulate the kid’s behavior considering the various age groups available know little of what is expected. Therefore, the rules are meant to establish a number of boundaries: the assurance of the safety of all available family members and children, assist in the smoothness of operations around the setting, and regulating the behavior of kids so that they are well behaved in ways that are important for the overall development.
The childcare setting is used to teach children how to interact with all people by developing their social and interactive skills. That stated, the social skills are developed around the childcare setting but so are the skills that enable a child to have self-control and the sense of responsibility. All these can be regarded as the most basic and important skills and therefore need may need to be modified considering they are to take a child from infancy to teenage years and even adulthood. Therefore, the ground rules are not to be very rigid in the sense that they should evolve over time. All the basic rules need to change through the various stages of development (Grace, 2012).
Summary of study programme
Home-based childcare services are settings that are used to help parents in taking care of their children. Many people may confuse this term and as such it does not mean that the responsibilities are transferred from the parent to the caregiver. There are various regulatory bodies that lay out the basic rules for childcare home-based services considering that various age groups, meaning various demands, are supposed to be met by the childcare giver. All these regulatory bodies inspect these facilities and provide regulatory measures and recommendations of the childcare setting all with the aim of ensuring a safe and reliable environment.
The safety of the various age groups should be one of the determinants on the type of setting and environment. Some childcare givers have enough experience to determine the type of setting and environment that will cater for the safety of all the children while others might refer to the regulatory bodies. All this should be in accordance with the framework and the regulations stipulated. Furthermore, the safety of the children should be monitored at all times considering that they are very vulnerable to abuse, either physical or emotional.
Another factor that determines the efficiency and suitability of the childcare setting is a proper partnership with parents. Children spend most of their initial stages with their parents and therefore the relationship should be a priority. Two-way communication as well as involving the parent in decision making are important factors in ensuring proper child development. Particularly so is engaging the parent on positive, rather than negative, aspects of the child development. As a matter of fact, a proper and beautiful relationship will make the child feel more secure when in the hands of the childcare giver when the parent is not around.
All the principle of development should be centered on the different demands of the children. The various stages of development come with different demands and as such, the childcare giver ought to have enough experience as well as enough training to determine this. Furthermore, all these should be in accordance with the worldwide regulatory rules regarding children and development.
On another note, all these principles should be centered on the provision of equality on the aspect of play and all other activities. Play can be found on the diversity of all the available toys and equipment while special care should be taken for kids with the special needs, such as those with a disability. Diversification in play can be enhanced through buying or lending of different toys and books.Toystores are available with various options for the purchase of toys and so are the bookstores and libraries. All these will ensure equality at the childcare setting and provide an inclusive environment for all the children.
Regarding the aspect of safeguarding the children and supporting positive behaviors, the caregivers should be in compliance with the set of regulations. Furthermore, they should ensure that all the children preferences and actions are taken into consideration
Utilization of these theories
The ability to operate and manage an efficient childcare setting has many principles and theories that can work for or against the childcare giver. One important aspect of the childcare setting is the first impression or the ability of the child to settle well in the childcare setting. The ability of the child to settle in properly and efficiently provides a platform for his/her development.
A gathering that includes parents, staff, children and the community at large is one of the ways that may ensure that the child settles in quickly. Not only will this introduce the parent and the child to the childcare setting, it will indicate to the parent the support that the setting has. The setting will furthermore provide the platform for the transition from home to the childcare setting.
The setting may provide the platform to reach out the wide community but engagement with the parent on a personal level will determine the ability of the relationship to blossom. By engaging the parent in a conversation about the child preferences and the ability of the setting to cater for the needs, recommendations and modifications may lead to a better childcare setting. Furthermore, the relationship will only blossom if the parent is involved in the various decision making processes that are centered on his/her child. Parents always feel secure when they are continually engaged in the decision-making process and this will only be possible if there is effective communication between the two parties involved.
Finally, the child should feel at home when in the childcare setting. The caregiver should continually look after the children to prevent any type of abuse. Children have been known to be the most vulnerable group to abuse and as such, the childcare giver should provide all the necessary measures to mitigate abuse.