Eysenck’s Personality Theory
Eysenck describes personality as the total sum of the actual or potential behavior as defined by hereditary and environment it originates and develops through the functional interaction of the behavior patterns. Eysenck focuses on personality traits that he describes as broad behavioral elements that that describes who you are, either easily excited or cool. Eysenck further states that personality traits are genetically inherited (Rau 2-6).
Extraversion and Introversion
Eysenck’s personality theory focuses on two aspects of higher-order traits, extraversion vs. introversion and emotional stability vs. neuroticism, or emotional instability. Extroverts are well known to be active all way round, they are loud and outgoing. On the other hand, introverts are assumed to be less active, silent and reserved. Introverts’ behaviors are totally opposite that of extroverts as Eysenck describes them differently, comparing their natural way of excitation. Eysenck further states that introverts have an internal large base of excitation, this make them comfortable and do not need to find out exciting environments (Rau 8-11). Extroverts have a low level of excitement, therefore, choose environments that comfort and provide more stimulation. Eysenck’s theory is in support of the arousal theory of motivation which describes that people seek out activities that either increase or decrease levels of excitement. The theory of optimum arousal suggests that someone in a low-arousal activity will at long last search for activities that raise their level of optimal level. Genetically, everyone’s level of excitement varies by situation (Nicholson 26).
The method of this study is a repeated observation in different environments that was done to different people. The study involved the use of questionnaires forms, oral questions on various individuals in different locations. The dependent variable is the participant’s score on the scale of personality theories and personality factors. The predictions from Eysenck’s theory on personality were tested on different persons by relating extraversion’ locations, the frequency of study breaks. Main effects were found with extroverts who resided in areas that provided a high level of external stimulation (Nicholson 28-31). According to the study done, there was a positive correlation between extroverts preferred level of noise. They also preferred a high level of socializing opportunities and they would take frequent study breaks. This study reveals that there is a direct support of the theory of personality by Eysenck. The study is believed that there is a basis in the theory of behavioral differences by Eysenck and indirect support for the theory of neurological differences between the extroverts and the introverts. Apparently, it is ideal to conclude that there are no neurological differences between the extroverts and the introverts. It further indicates that personality theory encompasses the patterned purposeful and repetitive ways of behaving (Nicholson 36). These ways of behaving determine and limit the level of interaction between an individual and the environment. An individual’s personalities do try to achieve a balanced and stable environment by adjusting and adapting the environment.
Nicholson, Nate. How to Make Friends As an Introvert: 21 Introvert-Friendly Ways to Meet New People and 21 Tips to Improve Your Social Skills. publisher not identified, 2014.
Rau, P L. P. Cross-cultural Design: Methods, Practice, and Case Studies: 5th International Conference, Ccd 2013, Held As Part of Hci International 2013, Las Vegas, Nv, Usa, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings. Springer, 2013.
Eysenck’s Personality Theory