Institutional Affiliation
Poverty is one of the world’s and more so, the United States’ largest problems. It is also widely debated and a complicated topic.  For years, the government, policymakers, and organizations have developed programs and strategies to alleviate poverty but it still affects millions of people. As of today, it is estimated that more than 35 million Americans are poor (Marris, 2018). Poverty is determined by a state whereby an individual has inadequate finances to afford food, clothing, shelter, and other basic needs necessary to sustain life. In the United States, an individual is considered poor if their income falls below the poverty threshold. Poverty has a wide range of causes including unemployment, poor health, lack of education, and extreme weather conditions. The paper will primarily discuss the causes of poverty.
Causes of poverty
One of the top origins of poverty is unemployment. Joblessness makes the absence of monetary dependability, prompting a downwards winding in social portability and in the long run neediness. The jobless will have a lower expectation for everyday comforts than most utilized individuals. The absence of a standard salary prompts the powerlessness to have the capacity to keep up the essential needs, including basic arrangements, for example, eating well nourishments, becoming tied up with human services and giving satisfactory warming to the home (Iceland, 2013). While there are numerous kinds of neediness, the purposes for destitution are dependably an absence of cash. It is conceivable to live in destitution even with a business. A low paid specialist may endure many similar hardships.
Another major cause of poverty in an individual is extreme weather conditions. Disasters such as drought, flooding, and hurricanes, among others have adverse and direct effects on people. For instance, excess rainfall can damage land that a person uses for agricultural production and as a source of income (Iceland, 2013). Similarly, an individual who lives in a dry area for long may be rendered poor eventually if they rely on farming as the only source of livelihood.
Poverty and poor health are inseparably connected. Sickness often affects an individual’s employment status. For instance, it can make one to lose their job or even not attend school, factors which are crucial in boosting a person’s economic status. The reasons for illnesses for millions all around are established in political, social and monetary treacheries. As such, it is so essential to handling the main drivers of weakness just as the indications. A person can become sick as a result of being poor due to poor nutrition. Lack of adequate finances means that one cannot afford sufficient food let apart from a balanced diet (Iceland, 2013). As a result, they end up being undernourished which makes them vulnerable to multiple infections since poor nutrition leads to low immunity. Children who grow up in poverty are at a higher risk of developing diseases due to poor nutrition compared to adults.
Moreover, People who encounter poverty, especially right off the bat throughout everyday life or for an all-encompassing period, are in danger of a large group of unfriendly wellbeing and formative results through their life. Neediness influences psychological wellness through a variety of social and organic components acting at numerous dimensions, including people, families, nearby networks, and countries (Iceland, 2013). Singular dimension middle people in the connection among destitution and emotional wellness incorporate budgetary pressure, interminable and intense distressing life occasions presentation, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) hub changes, other cerebrum circuit changes, poor pre-birth wellbeing and birth results, lacking nourishment, and poison introduction. Family-level middle people incorporate parental relationship stretch, parental psychopathology (particularly gloom), low parental warmth or venture, antagonistic and conflicting child rearing, low-incitement home conditions, and kid misuse and disregard.
The inability to access education is a root cause and also a top impact of poverty. Acquiring education is important as it is one of the ways in which poverty can be eradicated. When one gets educated, they acquire knowledge and skills that can help them secure employment or come up with ideas that can help them earn a living in the future. Nevertheless, when a person has inadequate income to sustain themselves, attaining education becomes more difficult (Marris, 2018). This is because one would rather use the little money they have to buy food which will also not be adequate.  For instance, a child who grows up in poverty is more likely to not acquire education due to a wide range of financial based circumstances. Apart from lack of school fees, the child may be required to work so as to cater for their basic needs such as food and shelter which are a priority. Moreover, a child who comes from a poor family may drop out of school due to severe illness which may have resulted from a lack of access to healthcare. As such, poverty can deny an individual the chance to acquire education.
Poverty leads to increased criminal activities which can, in turn, cause or elevate the level of poverty on a person or an individual. Most researchers have concluded that crime rates in poor communities are high than in rich neighborhoods in the United States of America (Iceland, 2013). For instance, criminal activities are experienced in large numbers in the African American community since they are the poorest minority group in the U.S. Poverty forces one to engage in illegal activities to buy the basic needs such as food, clothing, and shelter. It compels an individual to seek dangerous means necessary for survival. As per specialists, not getting conventional wages for their work, youngsters bit by bit lose the craving to wed, wed, have kids – they are loaded with dread for tomorrow, not certain that tomorrow they won’t be terminated in view of another budgetary emergency. Likewise, low wages and absence of employment, specialists state, are pushing youngsters to perpetrate wrongdoings so as to get rich rapidly. It is, in this way, among crooks, expands the quantity of teenagers, matured 18 to 25 years.
Overall, poverty is a widely debated issue that affects millions of people globally, and more so, in the U.S. people become poor as a result of joblessness, sickness, and unfavorable weather conditions, among other causes. Poverty can have multiple adverse effects on an individual. For instance, it can lead to poor health, deprive them of education, and make them participate in criminal activities. The government should try as much as possible to invest in education as it is one of the ways to curb poverty. Education increases one’s employment opportunity and prevents them from becoming criminals. When a person from a poor family gets a job, they can improve their family and society at large.
Iceland, J. (2013). Poverty in America: A handbook. Univ of California Press.
Marris, P. (2018). Dilemmas of social reform: poverty and community action in the United States. Routledge.