Question 1
The 39AA project has two phases. The first phase is that of demolition while the second phase is that of reconstruction. The entire redevelopment plan is based on utilizing the space available to create more rooms by reducing the amount of space covered by some of the areas and rooms. Furthermore, there are two areas of the compound that are considered in the project. The first area is that which covers the undercover balcony, two lower bedrooms, and one upper bedroom. The redevelopment in this area is relatively minor and is centered on tearing down some of the walls of the upper bedroom and the client may be focused on increasing the natural air flow into this upper-level bedroom, increasing the ventilation of the room or maybe energy saving measures.
The second and predominantly larger area to be redeveloped is made up of a driveway, family room, undercover veranda, kitchen and laundry, dining area, carport, garage and an outdoor entertaining area. However, redevelopment is predominant on the north-west side of the building in areas whose coverage include the garage, outdoor entertaining area, carport and the outdoor area. The stated above cover a huge chunk of the site and their demolition will create a huge amount of space that may be used for the development of numerous rooms in the general land area.
The redevelopment of the area will have to be in line with the environmental goals of sustainable development and have followed all the necessary precautions of demolition and reconstruction, the building will provide a safe haven for the dwellers. According to the statistics, 53% of those who live in Geelong are long-term residents while 51% have families. This may be the cause of the redevelopment since most families prefer houses which are more spacious with a number of rooms.
Question 2
The project, as stated before, is composed of the demolition and the reconstruction phases. There are various reasons that may call for the demolition and reconstruction of such a building. However, all the reasons are centered on improving the quality of living as well as the safety of the occupants (Ponnappa, 2014). There are three types of damage that determine the level of repair and reconstruction to a building. To begin with, buildings may have minor damages but may be used as usual after minor repairs. The second types of buildings are those with damages that are moderate. Buildings with moderate damage may still be used but require a high level of caution during the repair works. Finally, there are those buildings that are severely damaged and these can only be used after the proper reconstruction (Kibert, 2016). The severely damaged buildings require demolition and reconstruction prior to use in order to remove the failed elements.
A decision needs to be determined prior to the actual reconstruction. Some options may call for repair while others may call for demolition- reconstruction. However, it is only with the proper consultation that the building is demolished and reconstructed (sergeant, 2017).
One major reason is that the reconstruction may be geared towards stabilizing the building. Some buildings require the demolition of various parts because of the wear and tear of environmental conditions, decrease instability due to continuous usage among others. An example of building parts that may require demolition and reconstruction include stairs, columns etc. The continuous usage results in serviceability defects such as instability and without the necessary measures, the structure may pose a serious threat or may become inefficient. As with the 39AA project, the major units that are to be demolished are the walls and serviceability defect may be a reason. More to this is the fact that contaminants may accumulate in several parts of the building structure and demolition and reconstruction may be the only feasible way to remove these contaminants.
As with the 39AA project, the major areas to be demolished and redeveloped include the garage, carport, dining, outdoor entertaining area and the outdoor space. The stated rooms and areas will be developed into two dining areas, two garages, and an improved \family room. On the other hand demolition and reconstruction will take place on a minor scale on the smaller building with only the walling unit of the upper-level bedroom demolished and constructed.
Question 3
Project management is a broad context of management that involves consideration of various factors such as human and capital resource allocation, time management, and communication management among others (Feloni, 2015). Therefore, the project manager virtually controls the rate at which the project moves forward and is a major asset to the project. Furthermore, the human resource employed in any project depends on the guidance of the project manager.
The demolition and construction project requires the distribution of resources as well as proper time allocation (Marr, 2014). Therefore, the project manager will have to use methodologies and practices that would be effective and focused on the general goal of project completion. Furthermore, the practices employed will have to focus on waste reduction and sustainable development (Sears, et al., 2015). As such, the project manager needs to be well conversant with the whole working area and the human resources available. A proper construction management plan that may be employed in the project has to include the aspects of communication, the establishment of the site, and the environmental issues among others (Turner, 2008).
The first stage in the project determines the best routes through which the overall goal may be achieved. It is at this stage where various stakeholders determine the resource to be allocated and the feasibility of the project (Aaltonen, 2011). Furthermore, it is at this stage where the project manager is chosen and all the documents used in the project are verified. The documents involved in the project include the blueprint of the site, the various structural details of the building to be demolished and those of the building to be erected etc.
The planning phase of the project will generally cover the resources to be used in the project. As such, the various members of the human resource team are detailed on the different types of works to be involved and the quantity of work in each case (Eskerod & Huemann, 2013). There are various types of workers involved in this project such as the structural and design engineers, demolition experts, manual laborers among others. Therefore, the demolition experts will be involved in the controlled demolition of the specified areas while the structural and design engineers will be involved in the design of the reconstruction. Finally, the manual laborers will provide assistance to the two professions providing a vital link.
During the actual demolition and construction, the project manager is to work with the team members and offer guidance wherever possible. Directing and controlling of the resources is also important but this may be delegated to an assistant project manager (Richards, 2017). All this should be on schedule.
Finally, it is the duty of the project manager to make an adjustment to the initial schedule and in case of a backlog of activities, provide an alternative route through which the project will be completed (Beaume, et al., 2009). Various delays and impediments may result in a backlog of activities with the disposal of waste, sickness of workers, unaccounted financial factors among others occurring during the schedule. It is therefore important to have a backup plan and ensure that all the activities are in sync with each other.
Question 4
The PMBOK standards define project management areas are as follows:  project integration, project scope, procurement, time, quality, human resource, communication, risk, and stakeholder management (Hartney, 2016). However, there are other standards that may be used in project management such as SCRUM, PRINCE2 among others (Uhlig, 2017).Project managers have to be knowledgeable in all these areas and it is the most important knowledge in any project life (Project management Institute, 2013)
As with the demolition and construction project, the best methodology to be used is the project estimation and planning (Davidovitch, et al., 2006). The methodology has the characteristic of being very flexible and as such can be modified within the execution phase, therefore, proving to be effective in the project. There are two aspects of the project that the construction manager has to consider before the work can commence and include: prioritizing the goals and requirements and covering the broader aspect of communication between the various human resources teams (Eskerod & Jepsen, 2013).
After defining the project scope and identifying all the resources required for the project, the next step is to create a work breakdown structure. A work breakdown structure is a document that categorizes all the activities required in the project and identifies all the teams required for each task. As such, it eases the management of the vast team employed in the demolition and construction.
To make the work breakdown structure very effective, each activity is defined against a work-related plan (lowe & Leiringer, 2008). The major concern is the time allocated for the project completion and by scheduling each activity, the human resource team draws plans for each related activity. However, the scheduled time should be checked against the total allocated cost, the resources and the time. The methodology may be employed in a number of projects and is based on the PMOB standards of project management (Gosh, et al., 2015).
Question 5
Various project management techniques have various impacts on all the affiliated parties. This is so because each technique employed considers all these parties in the actual planning and implementation stages (Jepsen & Eskerod, 2009). The work breakdown structure is a major component of the project estimation and planning methodology because it considers the cost, the time, and the stakeholders in the planning stage.
To begin with, the stakeholders are affected in the sense that the project initiation depends on their various inputs to the projects (Rehacek, 2017). In line with this, a project overview statement is communicated to the various stakeholders and it gives the stakeholders and all the other personnel an idea of what is to be implemented and the reasons for the implementation. The demolition of the walls is to be explained in detail to the stakeholders as such indicating the various resources to be used. Furthermore, the reconstruction may be provided in detail in order to determine the number of resources to be used and the accompanying costs.
The human resources are the personnel employed in the project and the technique has the effect of either decreasing or increasing the personnel. During the planning phase, the number of people required in the project is determined and if there is a miscalculation, the available human resource may be required to increase the effort in order to meet the required deadline. As such, this may change the working hours and patterns. Furthermore, the human resource team is mandated with time management since the schedule all depends on the workforce.
The quality of the project depends on the versatility of the schedule and the resources available. Human resources and the resources allocated are the major players in quality management and if any of the two is inefficient, the quality may be compromised (Liu & Wang, 2008). Therefore, proper planning and rescheduling need to be considered prior to the initiation of the project.
Finally, the cost management is affected in the sense that the allocation of resources depends on the work breakdown structure. The work breakdown structure divides the workforce into manageable portions and as such has the effect of determining the number of resources allocated to each chunk. An increase in the workforce means an increase in the resources and a consequent increase in the cost allocated. However, this has to be intensively considered during the planning phase to mitigate any increase in expense.
Question 6
The project planning and estimation technique is a very effective tool in project management because of the intensive planning and work breakdown associated with it. However, like any other techniques, it may have some drawbacks, though to a smaller extent. Its use in the Geelong 39AA project is largely attributed to the various advantages associated with it.
To begin with, intensive planning is employed in this technique which means that all the various activities associated with the project are identified and looked into detail prior to the actual implementation. The planning stage takes into consideration all the stakeholders opinions overlooking those that are irrelevant but implementing those that are feasible in the project. The reconstruction phase of the project is one aspect that needs to be considered in detail. The various elements associated with the new dining areas, garages etc. may be discussed in detail in the planning stage providing the project manager with a myriad of choices. Furthermore, the availability of the resources will be considered and will provide the most feasible and economical route for reconstruction. Furthermore, the planning stage will consider the disposal of the various waste that will arise from the demolition. Therefore, proper scheduling and economies are associated with this technique.
The work breakdown structure is a tool that is employed in the technique. However, unlike other techniques, various elements have to be considered. Some of these elements include duration, effort, staffing, etc. By taking these minute details into consideration, the project manager can effectively manage the schedule and time allocation. Effective management of time and schedule means that the project will be on track reducing the costs that arise due to improper scheduling and human resource management.
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