Psychological principles refer to philosophies or beliefs on key aspects of our lives such as intelligence, cognition, habits and social groups among others. These principles help us to understand the human behavior of an individual or group and what motivates their actions in daily lives. Additionally, the principles are helpful to teachers- especially in junior schools, as they can use them to enhance the learning processes by paying attention to cognitive ability.
Human beings are social animals that have a strong sense of belonging and modify their behaviors to fit a particular group. An individual often adopts particular characteristics that identify him or her with a particular social group. The similarity then creates the general conducts within the group. However, it is essential to understand the motivating factor for an individual to join a particular group. In this regard, the cognitive ability and intelligence of that specific person ought to be evaluated to determine whether joining the group is motivated by potential benefits or otherwise. Similarly, evaluation of an individual’s level of intelligence and impact on his or her behavior is essential. For example, a degree holder is likely to behave calmly in hard situations compared to a person with a low level of education.
Every society has it expects social norms that everyone has to emulate. Any action that goes against these norms is considered deviant behavior and varies from one community to another (Goode, 2016). The community sets it parameters within which everyone is expected to behave. These parameters are either formal or informal deviance. Formal deviance is an action that goes against the enacted laws like robbery and homicide. On the other hand, informal deviance is behaviors that go against social and cultural norms which are not formally legislated like nudity in public and binge drinking. Cognitive behavioral therapy is an effective treatment for the condition as its focus on changing a person’s behavior to conform to the social norms. Aversion therapy is also applicable where the victim is involved in alcohol and substance abuse.
The study of individual differences recognizes that everyone is born with abilities and weakness that do not exist in another person. Individual psychology looks into the similarities and differences between people with respect to their thinking, behavior, and feeling. In other words, individual psychology studies the psychological similarities and differences between people. Understanding the behavior and cognitive ability of individuals lies at the core of psychological principles which makes a critical when studying differences and similarities between individuals. The success of individual difference psychology, therefore, depends on the effectiveness of the psychological principles on that particular case.
The education sector is one of the biggest beneficiaries of psychology, especially in junior schools. A teacher easily makes learning simply for the students after evaluating their cognitive abilities by including teaching aids like a diagram for a slow learner (Lucariello, et al., 2016). Additionally, improving the learning process for students depends on understanding social, emotional and cognitive processes that form part of learning (Mandinach, 2018). Similarly, psychology is important in law as it enables the prosecutors and judges to understand factors that motivated the suspect to commit that particular crime. Moreover, understanding the group behavior of individuals makes it for organization leadership that motivates their employees making them more productive.
Conclusion
Psychological principles are the foundation of studying psychology and plays an important in enhancing success in various sectors like education, law and medical care. The principles essential aspect of our lives such as cognition, behavior, cognition and social groups among others.
References
Goode, E. (2016). Deviant behavior. Routledge.
Lucariello, J., Nastasi, B. K., Dwyer, C., Skiba, R., DeMarie, D., & Anderman, E. M. (2016). Top 20 Psychological Principles for PK–12 Education. Theory Into Practice, 55(2), 86-93.
Mandinach, D. E. (2018). Understanding Educational Psychology. Retrieved from American Psychological Association: http://www.apa.org/action/science/teaching-learning/index.aspx