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Public Health Law
First Post:
Identify Three Critical Issues That Arise With the Application of a Code of Conduct and Discuss
Basically, a code of conduct is meant to provide an institution or profession with guidelines on the expected behavior of its members. Unfortunately, the current code of conduct on disaster management is vague and unenforceable. Basically, the code raises three critical issues as follows:

  1. Adoption without follow-up
  2. Enforceability
  3. Transparency
  4. Voluntary Adoption
  5. Universal Provision of Health Care to All Individuals for Security and Peace

Adoption without follow-up: In essence, there is always a lack of consistency in the application of the code of conduct by senior officers. Similarly, this leads to violation of the code of conduct by junior officers. Basically, for there to be consistency in the application of the code, senior officers must fully adhere to the code since they are the ones who spearhead its use and acceptance by the society.
Enforceability: Notably, most of the laws on the code of conduct are usually violated by officers. Generally, these officers operate in foreign countries that have various unique laws. As a consequence, it is always difficult to enforce laws on the code of conduct. In light of this, the code of conduct should have consistent laws that are applicable in all societies.
Transparency: Importantly, all the decisions made in the organizations should be according to its code of conduct. Additionally, communication within the public health sector should be clear and concise. Notably, this will ensure transparent and consistent application of the code of conduct.
Basically, the World Health Organization code of conduct is voluntary. In light of this, some countries fail to adopt the code of conduct, or adopt only part of it. In light of this, the code is weakened and lacks uniformity. Moreover, physicians cannot be prosecuted for failure to adopt the code of conduct (WHO, 2010).
Article four of the WHO espouses to provide universal healthcare for all individuals for world peace and security. In brief, the code of conduct covers even the provision of health to terrorist and criminal gangs. In light of this, questions arise on its applicability in war zones and the safety of health workers (WHO, 2010).
Analyze One Aspect of Post-Event Public Health Systems Development and a Possible Strategic Intervention
            Emergence of water-borne diseases. In essence, after a flooding disaster, there is always a high chance of experiencing water-borne diseases such as cholera and typhoid. In general, this is due to contamination of clean water with sewer and stagnant water. On this regard, the public health system offers various interventions such as chlorination and vaccination. In essence, individuals are vaccinated against cholera, and they are encouraged to only drink chlorinated water. In addition, the public health sector makes promotional campaigns through the radio encouraging individuals to drink treated water and how to avoid water borne diseases.
Lack of shelter. Notably, after a disaster, people usually lack shelter since most of the buildings are damaged or uninhabitable. In light of this, the public health officers have a duty to provide tents, and public facilities where the homeless stay. In addition they should provide blankets, mattresses and mosquito net to avoid emergence of cold related diseases and malaria. Accordingly, they should also sensitize the public on areas that they are offering these services through public media such as radio and television.
 
Second Post:
Identify Three Critical Issues That Arise With the Application of a Code of Conduct and Discuss
            A code of conduct is an important instrument in ensuring proper regulations on public health. Nonetheless, the current code of conduct has various weaknesses that make it difficult to enforce. Basically, these issues are as follows:

  1. Language used in the regulation
  2. Regulatory components
  3. Legal documents
  4. Neutral and fair application

Laws used in the regulation: Basically, the International Red Cross and the Red Crescent Society use overly cautious language in their regulations. Consequently, this makes the laws vague on specific matters. Accordingly, this limits the usefulness of this code of conduct.
Regulatory components: Notably, the International Red Cross and the Red Crescent Society do not give specific punishments for violation of public health laws. Correspondingly, this weakens these institutions ability to regulate and enforce the proper administration of the public health sector. In brief, this leads to lack of accountability of the enforcement of the rules on the code of conduct.
Legal documents: In summary, there is no single collection of well-compiled laws on public health. In light of this, questions on whether it is mandatory to adopt these regulations always spring up. Consequently, this limits the adherence to the code of conduct.
Neutral and fair application: Noteworthy, the application of the code of conduct should not be used to perpetrate foreign government policies. Nonetheless, the same foreign government policies are the ones that give resources that are used in foreign aid. Consequently, this policy appears to be impractical. Inasmuch as the code of conduct may espouse fair treatment, in a warzone, potential perpetrators of crime may be searched before they are assisted. Basically, they are a threat to the aid workers (ICRC, n.d.)
Analyze One Aspect of Post-Event Public Health Systems Development and a Possible Strategic Intervention
Emergence of mosquitos. Notably, after heavy flooding, there is expected to be the emergence of water-borne disease and mosquitos. Basically, the presence of mosquitos may lead to the emergence of malaria which severely affects expectant women and children under five years. In effect, the public health sector should provide families with mosquito nets. In addition, it should train them on how to effectively use the nets. Further, the public health sector should encourage individuals to repair drainage systems in order that there may be no areas with stagnant water which is breeding good grounds for mosquitos. Accordingly, in areas where there are stagnant waters, the public health officers should spray mosquito repellants to chase way the mosquitos. Further, the public health sector should advise the public through media such as radio and television in ways they may protect themselves from malaria.
Poor sanitation and lack of food. Basically, after a disaster there is always a shortage of food, and poor sanitation. Consequently, this leads to starvation and emergence of diseases such as cholera and typhoid. In light of this, the public health workers are required to assist in the provision of relief food. In addition, they have a duty of sensitizing the public on their duty to construct latrines in order to avoid the emergence of cholera and typhoid. In brief, they may print ooklets and brochures showing people how to clean their hands using soap and water. Moreover, they may encourage people to wash their hands after visiting the toilet. Notably, they do this through the use of media such s radio and television.
 
 
References
International Red Cross and Red Crescent. (n.d). 2 The Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NonGovernmental Organisations (NGOs) in Disaster Relief. Retrieved from http://www.ifrc.org/Global/Publications/disasters/code-of-conduct/code-english.pdf
World Health Organization, WHO. (2010). WHO global code of practice on the international
recruitment of health personnel. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/hrh/migration/code/WHO_global_code_of_practice_EN.pdf