Introduction
These great pyramids are regarded as the last of the 7 ancient wonders of the world and it isn’t difficult to see why. The great pyramids are said to weigh over thousands of tons and their particular location is on the Giza Plateau near modern-day Cairo. The great pyramid built by King Khufu about 2566 BCE held the record for being the tallest structure on the planet earth for around 3000 years before being surpassed by the Eiffel tower. Considering that the pyramid took 20 years to build, it can simply be described as to have explored the field of engineering. It has a base 230 meters and a height of 146 meters. The pyramid is made from over 2 million blocks of stone but more to this is the fact that some blocks used to build the pyramid are humongous that it is very difficult to imagine the movement and positioning without the modern day engineering equipment. After the death of this king, there were two more pyramids built for the pharaohs Kafre and Menkauru (Sen, 2012).That stated, the main aim of this essay is to try and look into the reasons that may have led to the construction of these great pyramids of Giza and the engineering aspect of the construction.
There are many theories that have tried to explain the purpose of the first pyramid but the outstanding one is that it was built as a tomb for the king who ordered its construction: King Khufu. The pharaohs also stocked the tunnels’ and chambers with gold and other substances which, according to their beliefs, believed would be useful in the afterlife.
During the period that the pyramids were built, man had not advanced significantly in designing and inventing machinery. Regardless of this, the construction of these pyramids formed the benchmark for engineering. The construction was done using rudimentary tools that the Egyptians disregarded considering that they were too common. These tools were later on improvised to become the tools that we use today
Contrary to many beliefs that the pyramids were constructed using forced labor, they were actually built by the Egyptians who were hired particularly because of their skills and were even compensated for their efforts (Mark, 2016).In doing so, this ancient civilization introduced the labor system that is used today in the field of engineering.
The design of a pyramid mainly involved enormous amounts of resources and the availability of both the skilled and unskilled labor which was to a great extent only available to the king. The construction began with the design which was followed by the allocation of resources and organization of the crews. In this context, it is wise to know that the vizier was the last architect who would, later on, gave the green light.
One theory that has tried to explain the construction of the pyramid is the one based on the concept of ramps. The ramps were raised above the foundation and continued to grow with the growth of the structure. These ramps would provide the platform for hauling and for positioning the rocks. The bone of contention is the impossibility of the angles that workers would move and the difficulty in raising stones without cranes. This must have had a great impact on the modern day engineering world. The last, but not least, an aspect of engineering is the fact that the monument is properly oriented to the cardinal points (Mark, 2016).
Conclusion
The construction of these great pyramids is still a feat that creates awe. The ability to use rudimentary technology to form a structure that would pass the test of time is still something that needs to be looked into. In this view, the construction of these structures formed the basis for modern day engineering.
References
Mark, J. J. (2016, December 19). Great Pyramid Of Giza. Retrieved from Ancient History: www.ancient,ey/great-pyramid-of-Giza
Sen, N. (2012, September 6). Amazing Facts About The Great Pyramids of Giza. Retrieved from LiveScience: www.livescience.com34193-great-pyramids-of-giza.html