“short answer questions”
1_ Discuss some of the psychological obstacles to critical thinking in the public sphere or community forum from chapter 2.
2_ Discuss the impact of advertising, propaganda and technocracy to explain why people believe so many weird things in the 21st century.
3_ Discuss some of the philosophical obstacles to critical thinking in the public sphere or community forum from chapter 2.
“Reflection questions”
4_ Diagram the following argument using the procedure discussed in chapter3
Some say that those without strong religious beliefsnonbelievers in one form or anothercannot be moral. But millions upon millions of people have been nonbelievers or nontheists and yet have produced some of the most noble and most morally principled civilizations in history. Consider the Buddhists of Asia and the Confucianists of China. Consider also the great secular philosophers from the ancient Greeks to the likes of Bertrand Russell and John Searle of the twentieth century.
5_ For the following passage: list the conclusion and premises and diagram the argument.
“The fifth way of proving that God exists is taken from the governance of the world. We see that things which lack knowledge, such as natural bodies, act for an end, and this is evident from their acting always, or nearly always, in the same way, so as to obtain the best result. Hence it is plain that they achieve their end, not fortuitously, but designedly. Now whatever lacks knowledge cannot move towards an end, unless it be directed by some being endowed with knowledge and intelligence; as the arrow is directed by the archer. Therefore some intelligent being exists by whom all natural things are directed to their end; and this being we call God”. (Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica)
– Short answer not more than two sentence.
– One small paragraph for each reflaction.
– Textbook:Lewis Vaughn. The Power of Critical Thinking Effective Reasoning About Ordinary and Extraordinary Claims. Sixth Edition, 201