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The concept of a free college education can be traced from all the way back to America’s Founding Fathers. It is noted that John Adams in1785, wrote: “The whole people must take upon themselves the education of the whole people and must be willing to bear the expense of it.” It is on record that there was a time in the American history when citizens attended the colleges free of charge (Cliff). The government is at a financial position to support free college education to all Americans. The Morrill Act of 1862 enabled land-grant colleges to be opened by states on national lands so that college education could be available to all Americans in every social class. The aim was “to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes in several pursuits and professions in life.” By then, students attended public land-grant colleges without paying tuition fee. This was possible because a small number of Americans attended college. As time passed by, the enrolment rate grew over the years and this affected the funding requirements in all states (Sanders).
The number increased to the extent that the state could not afford to pay the huge fees and it gradually withdrew the financial support and the colleges started charging enrollment fees and later on student spent both registration and tuition fees. Currently, people are paying high college fees that some are not able to afford. As a result, few students from low-income families attend these colleges than the ones from the upper-income families. However, the federal government continues to support the eligible students financially including Pell Grants which is non-refundable (Cliff). With the current financial situation, there are some factors that one must put in consideration while exploring the question of whether or not college education should be free. In the year 2015, the total debt of the student loan in America was approximated to be $1.3 trillion translating to over 39 percent higher than four years ago. The student loans are the most dominant kind of financial aid. Between 2012 and 2013, more than 10 million students received the students’ loan. The federal government spends over $ 80 billion in financing post-secondary education. The federal Pell Grant in 2013 covered about 30 percent of the cost of attending a public institution.
Why College Education Should Be Free
Defenders of free school trust that it would profit the whole country, not only the individual students who exploit it. They consider it to be both a private and public advantage. All things considered, increasingly of today’s jobs’ knowledge- based or require technical, specialized skills. So a well-trained workforce would fill the gap of the of the skilled workforce spaces that keep America’s economy from growing faster (Noughton). Besides, since more individuals would have the capacity to achieve required certifications, more individuals would have the ability to take the great paying employments that regularly go unfilled (Sanders). What’s more, that could bring about billions of extra dollars flowing all through the economy since individuals have a tendency to spend more cash when they have higher wages and zero debt. It could likewise imply that the government would take in much high tax duty incomes, which could go toward paying with the expectation of free public colleges. But, the issue of why education should be free is not only because of the economy.
It is additionally a moral and philosophical one (Cliff). Do we need each American, regardless of social position, to have an equal chance to achieve his or her potential? That is the thing that this America should be about, yet social portability has been eroding the poor people and white collar class (Sanders). And without straightforward and reasonable access to quality, advanced education for everybody, the aggregate intelligence and goodwill of the country could likewise erode. America may turn out to be considerably more socially divided. Eventually, several people consider college-level education to be a fundamental right, as long as one can gain from it (Katz 3-9). The following are some of the reasons why college education should be free: There are many other Americans who wish to find other forms of public assistance of which they can find it through free college education. Through the free college education, people would get more freedom to contribute their talents and new ideas and lastly pursue the lives they want to live. College education will bring good life the poor, and as a result, this will lead to a peaceful country as a whole (Noughton). Well, educated population will contribute to sound decision-making at all level thus resulting in a speedy way in handling challenges.
With free education students will be able to learn free from other obstructing issues like fetching for the college fees for upcoming college terms. This will lead to a timely graduation and relevant job search thus, early contribution to nation building. Most American bright students from low – income families will have the opportunity to join colleges and further their studies hence getting the opportunity brighten their future. Chances of graduates owning homes and other investments are slim because the students graduate owing the massive school loan debts (Noughton).  If America provides free college education, the country will have reduced the gap between the poor and the wealthy and also the illiteracy gap will have been bridged.
How the Government can pay for free College education
Precisely, a free college education is not free. The citizens have to pay for it either directly or indirectly. For public universities, the needs are met by the taxpayers’ money (Katz 11-19). According to economists, argues that the state government can support free college education if some reasonable changes are taken. Some of the ideas that can help achieve all these may include: Seal all loopholes that corporate use to evade paying taxes. Increase the tax rates by financial capabilities of individuals. The state should implement new taxes on the speculative street transactions. Reducing other departments’ budgetary allocation for the purpose of supporting the college education. Reduction in wasteful government spending
In conclusion, student’s have other various available options. Before joining universities, one can engage in some income generating activities to help raise college fees. If the government offers financial support, then it will be a boost the youth citizens’ education. And if not, then the struggle shall continue.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Works Cited
Cliff, David. “Should College Be Free? Pros, Cons, and Alternatives.” Trade Schools Guide | Find a College or Vocational School, Higher Learning Inst., Mar. 2014, www.trade-schools.net/articles/should-college-be-free.asp. Accessed 8 Dec. 2016.
Katz, Michael B. Education in American History: Readings on the Social Issues. Praeger, 2013.
Noughton, Jake. “Should College Be Free? – Room for Debate – NYTimes.com.” The New York Times – Breaking News, World News & Multimedia, The New York Times, Jan. 2016, www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2016/01/20/should-college-be-free. Accessed 8 Dec. 2016.
Sanders, Bernie. “Make College Free for All – The Washington Post.” Washington Post, The Washington Post, 25 Oct. 2015, www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/bernie-sanders-america-needs-free-college-now/2015/10/22/a3d05512-7685-11e5-bc80-9091021aeb69_story.html?utm_term=.cff075f02719. Accessed 8 Dec. 2016.