Africa formed the backbone of the slave trade as prisoners and captives were sold off to European and Arab countries. It was a naturally accepted activity and formed the backbone of many countries economy. Many people were enriched by this practice as they participated, either directly or indirectly. The primary theme that the two papers are driving is that of slavery, how it was executed and the consequences it left behind as an aftermath, to illustrate some of the repercussions as recorded in one of the articles, is when a husband was separated from the wife or children with their parents. The role of slaves in shaping the economy of the United States is highlighted and cannot be underestimated, the two articles agree to the fact that slaves played a leading role in providing labor that was so needed in considerable demands in plantations, such as coffee farms. This energy was significant for the reason that, at this time, mechanization had not developed to make work easier; everything, therefore, remained to be labor intensive. One of the article states that capitalism in American started when the first ship carrying slaves touched American soil. The other article also agrees to the same proposition as the writer makes an avowal in the begging parts of the paper that, slavery in its original form was not meant to be cruel and was not aimed at degrading human dignity. But it was rather intended to be an economic system that would assure cheap and controlled labor to American plantation owners. And a result of this, capitalism, which is defined as an economic system where a country’s trade and industries are controlled by private owners for gain, sprouted.
With slaves, plantation owners were able to experience an increase in produce, one of the article documents that, in the year 1790 a mere a thousand tons of cotton were produced, but by the year 1860, a million tons were realized. This increase was accompanied by an upsurge in the number of slaves from five hundred thousand to four million. Besides, slave trade led to the development of other sectors of the economy, for instance, one of the articles asserts that there were middlemen, who acted as a bridge between the seller and the buyer of a slave. The middlemen were very efficient in this trade as the article documents how they could talk about the advantage of one slave over the other. For example, one of the article says that they advertised young men as more energetic than older men and could, therefore, ensure value for money for the reason that they could work for many years. Over and above that, slave owners pioneered modern forms of accounting and finance, as modern practices such a providing collateral in a bank to get a loan trace their origin to this era as slaves were utilized for this purposes. To illustrate, Southern banks allowed plantation owners to use slaves as collateral as they borrowed money to acquire more pieces of land.
An issue of concern is that at the backdrop of the slave trade was the support of the government. The South, for example, established a system of controls accompanied with laws that were enforced and were also recognized by the courts, this was however not challenged by the government, and this is regardless of the fact that the Tenth Amendment of the constitution recognized powers of the Federal government, but these powers were limited when it came to the government and slavery. It can, therefore, be said that, silently, the constitution recognized slavery as it provided an allowance for returning any slave who was apprehended for having fled from their master.
Slaves were human and recognized there need for freedom, for this reason, many rebelled against laws that seemed to support the practice, as the anti-slavery movement grew, it is recorded that many slaves escaped using the Underground Railroad. This movement was supported by some whites and free blacks who were slaves initially; the movement was challenged for the reason that it had on one side to deal with the Southern government and other the federal government which was in close collaboration with slave owners. However, the movement was successful as it managed to assist numerous slaves to escape and also led to the enactment of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendments that assured equality of all people, and a right to exercise the democratic right of voting.
No other practice in the world entrenched racism as the slave trade, and although slavery existed for many years leading to ancient civilization, it is the enslavement of African by whites that catapulted racism to the levels it is today. The two articles seem to hold the view that, preceding African slavery, the color of the skin did not define racial attitudes, but when blacks hit the market, they were seen a second class people who did not have any rights and as people whose powers would only be exercised by another.
Slavery is terrible for men, but it is worse for women, one of the article talks of the atrocities that women were subjected to, in the year 1830. The term fancy girl started going around and was used in reference to young women, who were beautiful and therefore attracted higher prices for those who desired to purchase them. Such women were not used for domestic work, but were instead concubines and were used as sex objects by the whites. They were offered for auction dressed very well and at times adorned in jewelry. Buying and delivering a fancy girl for sale was a sign of a more prominent status for the traders and the gamblers of the time.
To conclude, it is important to note that not all American whites owned slaves or supported slavery. The fact that some whites even helped some blacks to escape helps to solidify the statement. For this reason, both articles conclude by asserting, though silently, that modern white Americans should not be thought responsible for some wrongs that their ancestors executed more than one hundred and fifty years ago. Over and above that, although slave trade is not okay and should be condemned, and it remains one of the worst forms of exploitation that any being can be subjected to, it shaped the present world by introducing some of the practices we behold to date, for instance, capitalism and the growth of banking industry. Over and above that, Americans should study about slavery to comprehend where racism stemmed from so that they can begin to correct it, this is imperative for the reason that racism remains a severe problem in America and action is apparent for it to be stunned. This is also necessitated by the fact that, modern Black Americans are suffering the consequences of a system that is no longer operational for it was abolished in the year 1860.