Social Policy for Older Americans
Social policy is concerned with the way in which people in the diverse communities around the globe satisfy their various needs including heath, security, and work, among others. The policy directs the manner in which nations respond to socioeconomic, demographic, poverty, globalization, and migration patterns. Old people have a wide range of health issues due to their age. As such, healthcare systems should adjust so to ensure that the health needs of this population are met effectively at an affordable price. Given that the elderly person demand high level of health attention, medics and their care takers should ensure they carry regular check-is and follow-ups on them regularly. Additionally, the elderly people are vulnerable to social injustices and multiple forms of discrimination. The entire society has a responsibility in ensuring that old people feel loved and that no harm comes to them. In addition, there is a need to enhance income security for the elderly so that they do not face financial strains during old age. The housing needs for the old individuals should also be addressed and strategies put into place to make sure that they live in secure homes.
Social Policy for Older Americans
Social policy focuses on how different societies in the world meet the human needs for education, health, security, work, and wellbeing. The policy gives direction on how societies and states react to the global problem of social, economic and demographic change, migration, globalization as well as poverty (Elmore and Brown, 2007). The social policy examines the roles of societal spheres such as national government, family and the civil society. Its aim is to identify and look for means to reduce inequalities to access to support and services in the basis of gender, age, disability, race, socio-economic status, and ethnicity. In all over the world, there is a massive demographic shift due to the baby boom and bust in the twentieth century hence the rise of the aged people in the society. In America, there is a social policy for the older persons aged sixty years in the country. The policy enables the older persons to get access to social services despite complications that come with age such as illnesses which may result in memory issues. In America, there is a great consideration for the older persons hence generation of social policies that promote their health, security and their wellbeing since they are dependent on caregivers to help them access support and social services.
The older persons have numerous health complications as a result of their age. The health care should be improved to fit their needs, and it should be at a lower cost. The elderly need a lot of attention in health matters thus require frequent follow-ups and check-ups by the medics with the help of their caregivers. The caregivers should ensure the elderly persons are on proper nutrition and a balanced diet to boost their immunity (Quinn and Burkhauser, 1995). There should be an early long term care policy where an individual can make partial payments to cater to their medication in old age to ease the medical budget when old. The community should also be sensitized to take responsibility for assisting the old people around them. The health policy should also focus on the mental health programs since there are brain malfunctions that come with old age such as loss of memory.
The elderly require love and support from the society, and they need to feel secure and protected. They should be protected from social injustices and harassments such as physical abuse and grabbing of their properties (Hinterlong, (2008). Equity should be enhanced disregard of the gender, race as well as age and it should be ensured that they access justice without biasness. The policy should increase the availability of social services and they should be cost-effective for aged persons and should suit their needs. The old persons are also entitled to privatization and making their own decision without being blackmailed since most of them get misinformed consequently losing their finances and properties.
Income security in old age should be addressed by initiating avenues where people can make savings that will sustain them in the old age. The challenges to income security should be handled effectively to ensure they do not face financial crisis in old age. The gender disparities among the elderly should be addressed since they are equally entitled to financial support systems such as the retirement pension incomes (Elmore and Brown, 2007). Families should also help in building financial stability through investing. The cost-based solutions also build economic stability; hence it cannot be affected in the event of demographic shifts.
The old persons should have safe homes equipped with essential entities such as food and water. The caregiver should assist in housing needs such as mobility, and the house should be modified for them to access the various services. Transportation to the places they need to go to get the services should also be catered for, and they should be assisted on how to use the services. Public buildings and facilities and other community infrastructures should meet the needs of the elderly persons and also there should be trained and adequate personnel to assist the old persons (Quinn and Burkhauser, 1995). There is institutional care whereby they are taken to nursing homes where provisions are made with regards to each individual’s needs.
The social policy for older Americans has significant implications which have greatly contributed to social security for the elderly (Hinterlong, (2008). The social aspect of an individual requires social security, good health, social security, and good infrastructure which make their life complete and meaningful hence becoming independent. The Americans have realized the need to build on the social policy for the elderly as it will also impact on the economy. It is notable that there is an increase in the old age population hence the need to put in policies to help the persons to build their future. The old age is dependent on the government and other well-wishers to take care of them in old age, the policy has enabled them to be responsible of their old age while they are still in employment through the saving policies. Therefore, the social policy for older Americans is beneficial since it has helped to curb problems such as poverty which result from an increased demographic number for people aged sixty and over.
Elmore, D., & Brown, L. (2007). Emergency preparedness and response: health and social policy implications for older adults. Generations, 31(4), 66-74.
Hinterlong, J. E. (2008). Productive engagement among older Americans: Prevalence, patterns, and implications for public policy. Journal of Aging & Social Policy, 20(2), 141-164.
Quinn, J., & Burkhauser, R. V. (1995). Public policy and the plans and preferences of older Americans. Journal of aging & social policy, 6(3), 5-20.