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Social Theories and Frameworks
Difference between Theories and Frameworks
Frameworks are the sociological methodologies that give the necessary insight to look into a particular societal behavior (Hutchison, 2013). On the other hand, social structures in societal analysis involve the analysis of the patterns of aspirations, behavior, and social dynamics defining an individual group (Hutchison, 2013). Thus, theories are the frameworks of evidence considered in the study and interpretation of social phenomena. They are the tools used in social work since they relate to historical arguments over the most appropriate and reliable methodologies.
The Influence of Theory on Social Practice
Theories influence social work in the sense that they are considered pieces of evidence needed for validation and planning of social service activities (Hutchison, 2013). Therefore, theories dictate the direction in which individual social work activities flow. One of the implications of using theories in social work is that they offer explanations of behavior and prescribe the manner of looking at, thinking about and tackling various situations within society (Hutchison, 2013). It this view, theories helps in structuring social work practices, thus making them easier. The second implication of using theories in social service practices is that they bring social workers to focus on the relationship between the person and the environment (Hutchison, 2013). This discussion concludes that social workers handle various individuals differently according to their diverse needs. Lastly, theories in social work help predict the outcomes of particular events, thus making it easy to plan and provide mitigating structures in place (Hutchison, 2013). In a nutshell, they justify the possible ends of a social crisis or event.
The Application of Biopsychosocial and Conflict Theory
The biopsychosocial theory is a good example of approaches used in social work. This theory links biological factors like diseases to other behavioral problems in the society (Hutchison, 2013). For instance, the biopsychosocial theory may be used to predict the outcomes of an outbreak of influenza in a particular society. On the other hand, conflict theory seeks to put more emphasis on the role of coercion and power in bringing out a certain social order (Hutchison, 2013). An example of a situation that conflict theory might be perfectly applicable to is in a society where one race dominates the other and uses that fact in economic and sexual coercion.
Basically, one finds that theories form the frameworks in which social work activities are conducted. These approaches shed light on the entire social working and offer a better understanding of how behavior is modified by the environment. Therefore, they are the pillars of social work.
Hutchison, E. D. (2013). Essentials of human behavior: Integrating person, environment, and the life course. Los Angeles: Sage