It is true that primary sources offer first-hand testimony concerning a particular topic. They are created by individuals who have witnessed or recorded specific experiences. This paper focuses on the primary source from Yale University. The title of the source is Sources and Debates in English History 1485-1714 edited by Newton Key and Robert Bucholz.
The document was written by Robert Bucholz and Newton Key, who are the experienced teachers and leading scholars of the history. The authors wrote the document assuming that they had no previous knowledge of British history. The two are the genuine authors of the document because the authorship has no dispute. These are authors who have a reputation in the field of history, and they are no likelihood that they can be involved in authorship dispute. Additionally, they concentrate on offering their target audience with an original piece of work so as to educate and offer them with new knowledge relating to church in England.
The authorship suggests that there was competition between the Protestants and Catholics in the early church in England where the two groups disagreed on various issues relating worship. The authorship presents information relating to development in church under different leaderships. For instance, the authors indicate that Edward VI, who succeeded Henry VIII as the head of the state and church was more inclined to Protestants, both in liturgy and theology because he campaigned against the termination of the chantries (Newton & Robert 65). The new leadership introduced a new liturgy that included common prayer, sacraments and rite of ceremonies. However, the authors indicate that the new rite and ceremonies in the church were not accepted by all people. This lead to rebels of the new rites and ceremonies to issues a list of demands, when need to be met by the church.
The main reason for writing the document, particularly on debate relating to the Protestants vs. Catholic is offering information to the readers about developments in early church in England. The authors explain how the state leaders influenced the direction taken by the church. The leaders introduced new ways of worship, including the testimonies, liturgy and theology, which the members of the public needed to follow (Newton & Robert 66). The main purpose of writing this piece of work in this book was to explain how different groups in the country disagreed in manners in which the church was run. Once he took over the leadership, Edward VI introduced an Act of unity that involved creation of single legal form of worship, and those who failed to comply would be punished. This led to emergence of rebels who came up with demands after new changes were introduced in the church.
The rebels argued that the leader was deceived by the crafty papist who introduced subjects that even Edward VI did not understand what they were. For instance, they maintained that informed the leader that one of the articles of the legal form of worship indicate that holy decrees will be kept and observed ye he did not know their meaning (Newton & Robert 66).
The document is reporting on the even that occurred when the Edward VI took over the power and attempted to introduce legal form of warship that sought to unify all people in the country. The document report how a section of the population disagreed with different articles that formed the legal form of warship. The rebel was formed to oppose the introduction of new elements of worship in the church. The rebel created demands that aimed to influence the leadership to change new article contained in the legal document that governed how the church is run, and manner in which people worshiped. The document also report on the issues that the rebel raised that they felt that discriminated different groups of people. For instance, they oppose the adoption of mass evensong, old service of matins, and procession done in Latin. The rebel apposed this article because not everyone was comfortable with old service of matins or procession in Latin because not every person in the community understand the language (Newton & Robert 67). They rebel aimed to explain to the leadership, which introduced new changes that those changes do not improve how people worship because it discriminate some people. Thus, rebels focused on showing that the changes were unnecessary.
The document does not have any bias because it focuses on all parties, including the state leadership and the rebels. The authors of the document highlight the new changes introduced in church, the reaction of the people and the emergence of the rebels. The document also highlights the contributions made by the rebels in ensuring that the articles contained in the legal form of worship are not implemented.
The document was written in narrative form. The document describes various events that took place in England, in relation to the church, since Edward VI succeeded Henry VIII. Among the even that took place include moving the alter stone and introduction of three holy days (Newton & Robert 67). The document also described how the rebel corrected the move taken by the government, on matter relating to the church. The document also describes the emphasis put by the leaders to ensure that all English people attend the church services because the church was not only a religious center to many people but also a social center.
The document is reliable about manner in which it presents the events relating to history of church in England. It clearly present accounts of various events that took place in England from the time Edward VI took over the leadership. The document is reliable in presenting information in chronological order. The document started by giving a brief introduction relating to previous leaders and their contributions they made in the church. The document then focused on the reign of Edward VI by focusing on changes that he implemented in church to influence the form of worship in the country. The authors offer information relating to how people reacted to new changes, the action taken by the rebels, and the new developments that were realized as a result of the confrontation between the leadership and the rebels. The document is also reliable in offering clear information relating to elements of worship in Catholic Church, including procession, prayers, mass and ceremonies. Additionally, the document offers explanation of how many people abandoned Catholic Church and became protestant in England. This means that the document is reliable in presenting required information, to the audiences, about transformation of church in England.
It is possible to support the claims raised in this document through other sources, particularly secondary sources. For instance, the book The Naming of Protestant England by Peter Marshall focuses on explaining how the English people became Protestants. The author maintains reforms in religion affected the satisfaction of Englishmen in relation to the way in which people worshiped in the country. The author of the book maintains that by the end of the rule of Edward VI, England will be definitely be nearer to being a Protestant nation than to anything else (Marshall 97). This means that the author had witnessed different events in the countries that were as a result of transformation in religion, particularly in relation to manner in which the Catholic Church was run. From the issues raised by many people who opposed the proposed changes, the author projected that many people would abandon the church and become protestant. This supports the claim raised in the document, which indicated that new changes led to emergence of rebels.
Another source that support the clams raised in the document is the book, Cranmer and the Reformation Under Edward VI by Charles Hugh Egerton Smyth. The book presents information relating to English Reformation during the reign of Edward VI. The author of the book indicates how Martin Bucer and Archbishop Cranmer formed a new form of Anglicanism. The formation of this new form of religion in the country led to creation of Protestantism in England (Smyth 59). This support the claims raised in the document that there were rebels who opposed the new changes in Catholic church. The rebel came up with demands, which aimed to stop the government from implementing the new changes. Thus, Martin Bucer and Archbishop Cranmer represent the rebels who led to formation of Protestantism in England.
Marshall, Peter. “The Naming of Protestant England.” Past & Present 214.1 (2012): 87-128.
Newton, Key & Robert, Bucholz. Sources and Debates in English History, 1485 – 1714. Routledge, 2009
Smyth, Charles H. Cranmer and the Reformation under Edward VI. Cambridge University Press, 2014.