Over many years, spanking has been greatly applied in various learning institutions and homes as a mechanism of cautioning and correcting young people from acts that may be perceived as misbehavior. Moreover, there have been several disagreements on whether the act is beneficial or not. There is a certain group of people who have a strong perception their current responsible lives were mainly achieved corporal punishment which was administered to them during their childhood days. Although the act may be justifiable in one way or another, most public authorities and individuals around the globe do not support spanking at whatever level. A wise statement goes that, “spare the rod to spoil the child.”
Some parents and teachers may agree with the statement and hence impose physical punishment on the young people expecting that it would compel them to change their behavior and character. The study focuses on establishing the negative impacts of physical punishment, particularly on children. The statement of the study is that spanking of children is applied as tough retribution applied by parents and sometimes teachers in schools to discipline their behavior; however, various negative repercussions may accompany the act including mental health issues, high levels of aggression, and committing vicious acts in adulthood. As the title outlines that spanking is not the solution, there are many negative impacts regarding spanking which outweigh the positives.
In many parts of the world, the acts of physical punishment are illegal, whether committed by a parent, teacher, or any other individual. Most recently, a significant percentage of parents, psychiatrists, and sociological representatives have made great efforts in attempts to ban corporal punishment on children. The fight against spanking of children has been promoted by the perception that, all human beings have the right guaranteeing the protection of their physical integrity. The main point has been that the young people also qualify in the category of “people” and hence punishment is against their physical integrity (Gershoff, 2013). The continuous trend of hitting young people increases the likelihood of making them hitters at some point in life. Various studies have demonstrated that punishment may be somehow linked to the raised level of aggression in the future. Most of the children may demonstrate increased hostility immediately they become teenagers or adults. For example, research had shown that many hardcore and violent criminals experienced numerous threats and corporal punishment when they were children. Nature dictates that children should adopt and emulate positive conduct and attitudes by way of making observations and imitating what their parents do. The implication is that parents have the duty of showing proper conduct to their young ones by applying a great deal of wisdom in their daily undertakings.
A study by Leslie Gordon, Ronald Simon and Xiaoli Su (2012) to determine the impact of corporal punishment on children development found out that spanking children do not produce positive outcomes. In this study, the three researchers to a sample size of 683 from the African-American young parents with female respondents consisting of 54 percent. The researchers used the data from longitudinal self-report to assess the impact of spanking on three aspects; conduct problems, depressive symptoms, and school engagement. The results from the study indicated that impact of corporal punishment is linked to the parents’ behavior.
In some instances, the actions of young people perceived as “bad behavior” may serve as the only channel the child may draw attention regarding the feeling of being neglected or not provided with their basic requirements. For example, such basics may encompass adequate sleep, treatment of hidden ailments, proper feeding, physical exertion, enough aeration, and the freedom to go around and familiarize with the environment around them (Simons, Simons, & Su, 2012). This implies that children require close attention from their parents. The current world has turned too busy, and life has also become so demanding in such a way that parents and guardians have less or no time to spend with their young ones. This is because parents are often preoccupied with their worries and troubles of life prompting them to lack patience and the right understanding and comfort for their little ones. The implication is that young people should not be subjected to caning no matter how justifiable the reasons may seem to be. Such understanding portrays spanking as an unjust act.
The acts of physical punishment may affect the children and make them have a misconception regarding the right ways to address conflicts in a humane and efficient approach. When the little one is frightened, the reaction limits the capacity to learn and understand issues in the proper way (Paolucci & Violato, 2004). The subjection to physical discipline measures makes the young people angry as they start to develop fantasies regarding how they could seek vengeance on their victimizers. The child is thus denied the opportunity to think of other non-violent of settling disputes. This implies that the children who are often subjected to physical disciplinary measures possess little knowledge regarding peaceful approaches to addressing such problems when repeated during their lifetime.
Corporal punishment has a high likelihood of breaking the bond between the victims and their victimizers. It is less likely for an individual to continue experience love for others who consistently keep on hurting him or her. Parents can succeed in ensuring a strong love bond exists between them and their little ones by maintaining the mutual love and respect which are essential in enhancing such a relationship (Bukatko & Daehler, 2011). The approach of applying corporal punishment on children is more likely to instill fear in them, which may seem to be a positive behavioral change that may only last for as much as the children are not big enough to defend themselves. The only way for such a corporation to be permanent by ensuring that there is mutual respect whereby the children and their guardians will coexist happily.
Most of the parents lack the opportunity during their childhood days to acknowledge other positive approaches of relating with their little ones. Sometimes caning may prove to be ineffective, and the parents may not think of a different way of imparting good behavior to the youngsters, as corporal punishment continues to place the lives of the children in a perilous situation (Patton, 2017). There are many times when children grew angry and frustrated along with other varied feelings as a result of the difficulties they encounter in expressing their issues freely. When such feelings are suppressed over an extended duration of time, the young people may decide to wait until they presume to have accumulated sufficient energy to express such emotions. Such reactions could be revealed at the adolescent stage causing the teachers and parents to begin wondering what might be changing their children’s character. As a result, many teenagers may start doing unbelievable actions because of the accumulated rage. The implication is that the trend of administering physical discipline often results to “good behavior” in the childhood days, but the repercussions are experienced by the parents and entire society once the children get to the adolescence stage or become young adults.
The act of spanking, particularly on the girl child, on the sensitive parts like the buttock, may produce emotions such as sexual pleasure. Such issues are likely to pose challenges when the girl becomes a grown up. The experienced feelings from spanking make the girls experience a mix up of pain and some enjoyment. When such young girls get minimum attention from their guardians, they could end up experiencing confused emotions of pain and sexual pleasure. The young girls who are subjected to such circumstances are likely to experience low levels of self-esteem because they may perceive themselves as people who do not deserve anything better in life (Gershoff, 2013). At different instances, even the moderated spanking could also be physical jeopardous. For example, when the lower part of the spinal cord is hit, shock waves may be produced and hence hurting the victim. Such a statement could be true since some people may always complain of pain in the lower part of their backs which may be a result of hitting administered during their childhood days. Such instances may result in paralysis since the nervous system has been destroyed. This may ultimately lead to the death of the victim.
The corporal punishment imposed on children is likely to transmit a bad and unfair communication. This implies that the victims may perceive what they go through to be happening because they are weak and not able to protect themselves. Such young people may translate the message to mean that they could also hit children who are younger and less energetic. As such children grow up, they may not show any mercy to the less privileged but only have fear for the strong people in the community (Simons, Simons, & Su, 2012). Such resolutions are likely to limit the adults from establishing good relationships which are vital for happiness in life. Considering that youngsters have a high likelihood of emulating the actions of their parents and guardians, physical discipline measures indicate that corporal punishment is the appropriate approach expressing emotions and solving disputes. Such perceptions promote the exchange of the trait from one generation to the other, and thus, it continues to pose a challenge even in the modern world.
Physical punishment greatly reduces the level of trust between the young people and their guardians. Such children are faced with many challenges in trusting people who constantly keep on beating them. If an individual was beaten during childhood, whatever they think of at such moments is hatred. The implication is that such a feeling kills the trust which may have existed earlier between the children and their parents (Paolucci & Violato, 2004). This demonstrates that corporal punishment is not recommended as it may impact negatively on trust. Consequently, the victims of physical discipline may opt to seek encouragement and comfort from friends but not their parents. This is because they find it almost impossible to share their matters with someone who would often “smack them down.” The young people are also likely to ultimately lose respect for parents who consistently keep on hitting them.
The young people are sometimes compelled to lie to their teachers, guardians, and parents to evade being punished. Such behavior portrays that the harshness of physical disciplinary measures is likely to promote the habits of avoiding telling the truth or creating excuses necessary to prevent punishment. Such circumstances to adopt a character of consistently telling lies whenever they commit a mistake which they must account for. Some teachers and guardians may occasionally lose their control when administering corporal punishment to young people and hence it is likely to translate to abuse. Previous studies indicate that sometimes parents may be exhausted and frustrated as a result of undertaking their daily tasks. Such parents may often gain relief by physically disciplining their children who may have misbehaved (Bukatko & Daehler, 2011). For example, Adrian Patterson who is ranked as a star in the American Football thoroughly beat his son who was four years old and hence was indicted. A tired and frustrated person is likely to punish children even for unintentionally committing miscellaneous mistakes. Such instances make the situation worse.
Previous research works have indicated that many teachers who physically punish their students are likely to have been subjected to the same measures during their school days. Such teachers apply corporal discipline on their students because they somehow believe that it imparted a sense of responsibility in them. Such perception may even prompt them to subject their students to more punishment which may result in physical abuse. The impact sustained as a result of physical punishment is likely to reduce the conceptual ability of the students and may sometimes make the learners exhibit poor performance (Patton, 2017). Such students may often dread harsh teachers in the classroom. This results in the students becoming uncomfortable throughout the class and ultimately results in poor performance. The implication is that justifiable even in the learning institutions.
For instance a study by Julie and her colleagues on “Corporal punishment and youth externalizing behavior in Santiago, Chile” found out that use of corporal punishment on the children resulted to the externalization of their behaviors (Ma, Han, Grogan-Kaylor, Delver, & Castillo, 2012). In this study, the five researchers collected data from 919 participants mostly adolescents from Santiago, Chile. They used multivariate and descriptive analysis to determine the relationship between punishment and behavioral externalization. From their findings, the researchers concluded that corporal punishment has negative impact on the development of children.
Most children are fear telling the truth to their parents when they are hurt while playing simply because such parents may end up beating them. The parents lack the patience to pay attention to the explanation regarding what might have inflicted the injury. They only get furious and impose harsh discipline measures on their little ones. Such traits deprive the children of their freedom of expressing themselves to their parents whenever they are faced with much bigger issues in the future. The young ones may sometimes avoid sharing positive opinions with their parents simply because of the feeling that the parents will not grant them the chance and listen to what they have to say (Gershoff, 2013). The children may occasionally decide to extend their issues to strangers who may, in turn, opt to take advantage of the situation and lure the young people into making weird decisions.
When young people are regularly subjected to physical discipline measures, they are likely to develop resistance to the practice. The resistance may get to the extent that they don’t even shade a tear when beaten. Such a condition is extremely risky because such youngsters may ultimately become naughty and fail to pay attention to anything that they are old by their parents, teachers, and the community at large because they have become resistant to punishment (Strauss, 2000). Such a situation may make the children extremely naughty since they don’t have any fear regarding punishment. The implication is that corporal punishment may not be the only way to compel young people to change their bad conduct.
Physical discipline measures cause the victims to go through a lot of pain. The children and students are likely to develop the perceptions that their parents and teachers respectively are cruel. Thus, the wise statement indicating that “no pain, no gain” should not be employed in the process of bringing up children and teaching students. The cruelty associated with corporal punishment may compel the victims to inflict intensified agony to their weak counterparts as a way of gaining satisfaction (Paolucci & Violato, 2004). Such youngsters may often adopt a trend of seeking revenge on younger children who may be weaker. This implies that physical discipline measures should be discouraged under all costs.
Cases of severe physical punishment occasionally lead to the death of the victims. This is because as a result of the intense punishments, young people may sustain internal injuries which may eventually cause their death (Bukatko & Dahler, 2011). Sometimes, it is more surprising how a parent going through frustrations are likely to apply all their strength in hitting a child due to a simple and common mistake. Hitting the child may not be the only way to achieve retribution since such mistakes can be prevented from being repeated through cautioning the child verbally.
Corporal disciplinary measures often yield harmful emotions to either the parent or the victim. Although some adults may perceive it as a good option to hit their children whenever they go wrong, the mutual experience that results immediately after the punishment may not be wonderful at all (Patton, 2017). The implication is that both the punisher and the child feel bad about it. It is a harmful experience for both the Punisher and the punished. Each party experiences a feeling that the other is wrong and has inflicted the harm. This implies that severe physical punishments need to be discouraged, particularly on youngsters who may experience the worst harm.
Thomas in his study named, “There is no justification for spanking at home or school,” gives a detailed explanation regarding how the culture of applying physical punishment has to be discouraged for children at home and students in learning institutions (Thomas, 2017). He outlines his contrary idea regarding the statement applied by most people that “I was hit as a child and turned out fine.” His idea is that this is a controversial statement which does not justify for any physical punishment to be imposed on children. For example, he says that it is a controversy to administer physical disciplinary actions on children and students in the public learning institutions and not adults who may also be in the wrong. Such an example is appropriate in demonstrating that physical punishments target on youngsters while the adults also commit mistakes and are not punished by anybody. The study implies that the culture of inflicting corporal punishment on young people should cease.
In the study of Gershoff and Kaylor referred to as “The Evidence Shows that Spanking is Bad for Kids,” also argues against spanking habits. The authors establish evidence that corporal punishment may even cause children to adopt notorious behaviors. They suggest that according to the evidence obtained in previous research works, beating youngsters has never proven to be the best way to improve their character. They discuss the negative effects of severe physical punishment on young people including intensified aggression and the likelihood of physical abuse (Gershoff, 2017). The authors state that “spanking increases problem behavior regardless of how loving mothers are.” They also have a focus on the American Academy Pediatrics approved discipline measures. Their study outlines comprehensive facts regarding whether poor changes in behavior can be connected to prior encounters of corporal discipline.
A different author, Pies in his study named, “Spanking Children Is Ineffective in the Long Term,” gives details on how physical punishment can lead to long-lasting psychological impacts on young people. He proceeds to outline that, “As a psychiatrist, I can’t ignore the overwhelming evidence that corporal punishment, including spanking… takes a serious toll on the mental health of children.” He explains that once the young people are subjected to spanking, there is a high probability of a protracted duration of abuse. He demonstrates how the Truth and Reconciliation Commission established in Canada has further established laws prohibiting the physical punishments on young people (Pies, 2017). He states that hitting is only effective when the Punisher is near, but eventually proves to be ineffective. The study implies that the acts of physically punishing children may ultimately impose negative impacts on them.
Conclusion
Although spanking may be perceived as a tough mechanism of gaining retribution and may be used by parents and teachers to rectify the behavior of youngsters, it consequently impacts negatively on the victims. Several negative impacts include the young people sustaining physical injuries, psychological problems, becoming vicious later in life, and intensified aggressiveness. The culture adopted by parents as well as teachers to punish young people, particularly in public learning institutions is unjustifiable. Corporal punishment may lead to several negative consequences in the future making them unnecessary. They are likely to deprive the child of the freedom of expression because of the fear of being beaten. If the relevant authorities don’t support the act of corporal punishment then why should parents and teachers cease from the practice? Thus, there is no explanation to justify the spanking of young people.
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